LING 1, Week 4 notes part 1
LING 1, Week 4 notes part 1 LING 1
Popular in Introduction to Study of Language
Popular in Linguistics
This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Courtney Goffney on Monday October 17, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to LING 1 at University of California - Los Angeles taught by Dr. Torrence in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 9 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Study of Language in Linguistics at University of California - Los Angeles.
Reviews for LING 1, Week 4 notes part 1
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
Date Created: 10/17/16
10/17/16 th DISCLAIMERS: Thesthreferenths are based off the 9 edition, but the information works for both 9 and 10 editions regardless. Please DO NOT copy this for your own homework or notes. Phonology (p. 267): study of sound patterns in language Pronunciation of Morphemes (p. 267) – morphemes pronounced differently depending on context. o Pronunciation of Plurals (same allomorphs apply to possessive and third-person nouns) Some plurals nouns end with [z] (which is called the variant aka allomorph), a voiced alveolar fricative (ex: cab => cabs) Some end with [s] (variant aka allomorph), a voiceless alveolar fricative (ex: cap => caps) Some end with [əz] (variant aka allomorph) (ex: bus => buses, badge => badges) Some don’t conform to one form group, and are individually memorized (ex: child => children; ox =>oxen; sheep => sheep) When deciding which plural form is appropriate, look for minimal pairs: two words with different meanings, but identical sounds except for one sound segment. In plural allomorphs like [z] and [s], often final sound segment responsible for the difference. (ex: bag/back, cat/mat, bag/badge) Minimal pairs are able to have diff. allomorphs Plural words with [əz] have sibilant segments. Plural words with [z] or [s] have nonsibilant segments. o Morphophonemic rules: phonological rules that shape a plural morpheme and other certain morpheme’s phonetics. Because most rules each apply to large group of words, rather than to individual, young kids able to learn lang in short period. o Additional Allomorphs Past tense forms parallel plural forms Regular past tense morphemes use the allomorphs [d] (ex: grabbed), [t] (ex: kissed), [əd] (ex: gloated). Phonemes (p.273): [the abstract mental representations of] Phonological Units of Lang Sensed in the mind, but aren’t heard/spoken Associated with an allophone: corresponding sound to the phoneme Use // to enclose phonemes, and  to enclose allophones and phones. o Vowel Nasalization in English as Illustration of Allophones English oral vowels occur before non-nasal consonants; nasalized vowels ONLY occur before nasal consonants. Nasalization is inessential, because words, even if pronounced incorrectly with/without nasalization, may sound differently, but can still be comprehended by a speaker of that lang. Thus, we aren’t aware of nasalization. English has about twelve vowel phonemes. Phone: certain pronunciation of a phoneme. A group with same phoneme are the allophones of that phoneme.