Mythology Notes Week 7
Mythology Notes Week 7 CLS 1600-03
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kaylee Notetaker on Monday October 17, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CLS 1600-03 at Wright State University taught by Jeannette Carol Marchand in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 7 views. For similar materials see Greek Mythology in Classical Mythology at Wright State University.
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Date Created: 10/17/16
Mythology Notes CLS 1600 Week 7 • Athena: word most closely summing up Athena: metis: practical intelligence, cleverness, craftiness. She helped create the chariot. She is associated with taming the horses. She is the one who brings glory; kleos. • Poseidon is associated with the power of the horse. Ate (mental blindness leading to ruin) is most closely associated with Agamemnon. NOT associated with Achilles. • Part of being a hero: being proud. • Iliad is about brutality about accepting the reality of death. • Mythology: greatness of self mastering in the face of the cruelty of human existence. time: honor. Back to Sophrosyne: Centaurs: Half man, half horse. - they lack Sophrosyne: self control, impulse control, respect. Dia + Zeus Peirithoos: tricky but basically just a normal human being. Peirithoos will become King of the Lapiths. • Peirithoos marries Hippodameia: they have a big wedding in Olympia. They have to invite family (Centaurs). • Lapiths are the opposites of Centaurs. • He sets up tables in the back for the Centaurs to make sure the wine doesn't go back to them. • It ends up getting back to them. • They don't know to mix it with water and get drunk. • They try to run off with anyone they can grab. • Leads to an all-out battle. • This is called the Centauromachy: battle between the Lapiths and the Centaurs. • At Olympia: Centauromachy. Internal struggle. Apollo is most associated with Sophrosyne; he will help the Lapiths. • Field Trip to Olympia :) Religious sanctuary, not a city. • 5th Century BC = Greece defeats the Persians. • First half of the 5th century BC = Persian Wards; Greeks drive back Persian invasions. • Zeus enthroned, holding staff; adult powerful man; holding out nike in his hand; depictions around the base: the birth of Aphrodite. nike: victory • Zeus elevated the roll of the wife and marriage. • Peirithoos • Hippodameia Myth: • only dealing with HUMANS. Pelops: ready to get married, looking for a bride, fell in love with a woman from Olympia; Hippodameia. • Her father: Oinomaos King of Pisa; didn’t want his daughter to get married. Why? prophesy that his son-in-law will kill him; in love with his own daughter, many different reasons. • He is a force of chaos; disrupting marriage. His father: Ares. • How to block the marriage? sacriﬁce her; competition; kill the man, many choices. He says you must beat me in a competition here in Olympia if you want to marry my daughter. • It’s one he knows he can win. • Myrtilus • Pelops needs help overthrowing Oinomaos. He needs Hippodameia to help him. • How will he get her help? seduction • Pelops seduces her, gets her to go to Myrtilus. Put wax in as the pins of the chariot. • • It works. The two can marry now; Pelops takes over Oinomaos’ place. • • Riding off, along with Mytilus and he says that he wants that ﬁrst night. They can’t let this happen, she pretends she will give in and they push him off a cliff. He cries out a curse onto the house of Pelops when he falls to his death. There is a different variation of this myth where there is no deception of Myrtilus at all. He just prays instead. • Mythically it is the ﬁrst completion at Olympia aition: the story that explains why we do them here ____________________________________________________________________________ taraxippos: frightener of horses order vs. chaos • Elis waged war with Pisa, defeated it and took some territory and take the games. Pisa took over the temple. • Pelops is a hero of Elis • Overly large ﬁgure in the middle; Zeus. He is not interacting with the other ﬁgures.; has two males on either side of him. <— What moment is this? prep moment before the chariot race; they are swearing an oath of fair play. • If you were caught cheating you could be ﬁned and had to set up one of the statues at your own expense and you had to write that you’re a cheater. zanes: statues of Zeus set up by cheaters. What it’s saying to the visitor: Zeus is standing over you watching. • Hippodameia is beside her husband in the depiction. • Old man depiction: he’s a prophet; a seer; he's looking forward and seeing the outcome of this. • Alpheus: great old river of Olympia that formed the plane • Kladeos: small river. This myth happened where the depiction is. Hero Shrine: whose myths help us understand; site of their burial Pelops’ Hero Shrine: right by it there used to be an old column dating back to the palace of king Oinomaos. Greek Tragedy: • Athena is most closely associated with Athens. READ THE PLAY Athens Acropolis: the high point in the city • When the old system of kings broke down, Greece fell into a dark ages; art of writing was lost; there was no ability to build massive architecture anymore; lasted for a long time; we think it was in this time that they were creating these myths. • Polis system: City/state system; democracy • How did this come about? • We’re going to the goddess for help.
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