Psychology Week 9 (Monday 10/17/16)
Psychology Week 9 (Monday 10/17/16) PSY 1012-002
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jennica Prophete on Monday October 17, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 1012-002 at Florida Atlantic University taught by James J. Jakubow in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views.
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Date Created: 10/17/16
Learning Questions asked during lecture General important information Answers to questions Important concepts Important names Dates Definition ● Learning is the process by whic elatively permanent change in behavior occurs ● It allows for the acquisition and elimination of novel behavioral patterns across different environmental conditions Ivan Pavlov ● Russian physician who conducted biological research on the nervous system from about 1890 to 1936 ● Earned the Nobel Prize in 1904 for his work on how the nervous system controls the digestive tract Classical conditioning ● Associations ○ Pavlov treated associations as the basis of higher-order learning ■ Today they are nodes on a neir network ○ Pavlov theoretically conceptualized associations in the same endeleev conceived of atoms in the periodic table Influence on sensation research ● There was no methodology to study which receptor cells had which function before Pavlov’s research ● Associating stimuli with food allowed the researchers to determine ○ Receptor cell function in all creatures ○ Receptor cell function for all sensations outside human capacity ○ Whether the subject detected the cut ○ The range of cues it could detect ○ Which receptor controlled which sensation ● Conditional stimulus (CS) ○ Sometimes referred to as the neutral stimulus ○ The CS is the first stimulus presented in a Pavlovian pairing ● Unconditional stimulus (US) ○ The US is the second stimulus presented in a Pavlovian pairing ○ Through a natural reflex or precious training, the US controls a reflexive response Questions Which of the following shows that a learning process had occurred A. You can tie your shoes B. You speak English C. You pass College Algebra with a B+ D. You can ride a two-wheeled bicycle E. All of the above Pavlov conceived of associations similar to “mental atoms.” Which of the following concept’s historical predecessor A. Helmholtz & nerve signal speed B. Wundt & thought duration C. Darwin & genetics D. Mendeleev & the periodic table E. None of the above In the field of conditioning, can any learning take place without associations A. Yes B. No
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