Pols 2401, week 8 Notes
Pols 2401, week 8 Notes POLS 2401 010
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jasmine Cole on Monday October 17, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to POLS 2401 010 at Georgia State University taught by Professor Gulcan Saglam in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 2 views. For similar materials see Global Issues in Political Science at Georgia State University.
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Date Created: 10/17/16
Global Issues WK 9 SSN The use of force Kinds of War: Inter-state conflict- conflict that comes from another state between two states. Intra- state conflict- between a country. (usually involves non state actors) (civil war-in a country) International security and causes of war and peace Causes of War Security dilemma (purchasing of weapons) Economic competition (free trade reduces this)- reduces the likelihood of war Regime type- usually same type of government- don’t fight with each other Expected utility Vs. Misperception- (cost of war Vs benefits calculated, but perception intervenes) Nationalism- leads to war because each nation wants own state. Human aggression- “prone to fight” Individual Leaders”- individual characteristics of leader’s influence war Why use Force? Defense (Actual use of force) Basic component of security i.e. ability to defend the state against aggressors. Requires conventional military capacity i.e. weapons and manpower to work. Objective is to repel the attack and hold key position. Deterrence (threat of using force) Basic component of security i.e. ability to survive against potential hostiles. Requires strategic weapons. Objective is to make the cost of attack extremely high so the attack become unviable. Nukes for Peace? (and Profit?) Mutually assured destruction (MAD) – the other party will still have the capability to attack after a bomb. Nuclear proliferation NPT- Non-Proliferation Treaty.- US, Russia, France, UK, and China (NON NPT- India, Pakistan, North Korea, and Israel) IAEA- international Atomic Energy Agency. 2
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