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BIBL 105 Week 7 Notes

by: Audrey Simmons

BIBL 105 Week 7 Notes BIBL 105

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Week 7 notes: Deuteronomy and Joshua
Old Testament Survey
Dr. Chris Hulshof
Class Notes
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This 9 page Class Notes was uploaded by Audrey Simmons on Monday October 17, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to BIBL 105 at Liberty University taught by Dr. Chris Hulshof in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views. For similar materials see Old Testament Survey in Bible at Liberty University.


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Date Created: 10/17/16
Joshua: Conquering The Promised Land Setting Up the Book: Israel  Israel is on the east side of the Jordan River  The new generation is not like the previous one - they are bold, courageous, and obedient Setting Up the Book: Joshua  Joshua is the new leader - chosen by God to replace Moses  He is given the task to destroy and divide Setting Up the Book: An Outline of Joshua’s Story  Leads Israel to cross into the land (Chapters 1-5)  Leads Israel in taking the land (Chapters 6-12)  Divides up the land (Chapters 13-21)  Addresses Israel as they settle the land (Chapters 22-23) Joshua: The New Moses  Just as Moses was God’s chosen leader, so Joshua is as well.  He challenges Israel to obey the commands of God (Chapter 1)  Sends 12 spies into the land of Canaan (Chapter 2)  Unlike the spies Moses sent, they come back with positive reports  Joshua leads Israel across the Jordan River and into the promised land (Chapters 3 & 4) Joshua’s Three Memorials: Moving Forward by Looking Back Memorial: Monument of 12 Stones from the Jordan River  Reminded Israel of: God cutting off the flow of the Jordan so they could cross  Honored God by: Giving thanks for His deliverance Memorial: Circumcision  Reminded Israel of: Their covenant with God  Honored God by: Acknowledging that they belong to Him Memorial: Passover Celebration  Reminded Israel of: God’s rescue of the Israelites from Egypt  Honored God by: Giving thanks for His deliverance Crossing into the Land: Two Encounters Rahab:  First significant non-Israelite to express faith in Israel’s God  (Gen 12:3 “through you all the nations will be blessed”)  God’s intention is to reach the nations through Israel  Not to reach Israel instead of the nations Captain of the Hosts:  God will fight for the Israelites if they obey; and against the Israelites if they don’t obey  The battles to come are not Israel vs. Canaan, but God vs. Canaan. Joshua Leads Israel to Take the Land: Three Campaigns Central Campaign  Contrasted by the battles at Jericho and AI Southern Campaign  Highlighted by “The day the sun stood still.” Northern Campaign  Emphasis on the totality of the destruction The Central Campaign:  Jericho: God is faithful and He will deliver His people. Israel simply needs to trust and wait on God.  AI: Israel’s Failure to be obedient to God led to their loss in the battle of AI.  The Point: It is only as Israel is obedient to God and trusts in His commands and plan will they inherit the land. Joshua Leads Israel to Take the Land: Two People Rahab Achan  A Gentile  An Israelite Warrior  Hid the two spies…  Hid the dedicated things…  …on her roof  …under his tent  Brought life to her family  Brought death to Israel  Was saved  Was destroyed  Is part of Israel “to this day”  A warning “to this day” (6:25)  Removed from Jericho  Removed from Israel  Commemorated by a heap of  Commemorated in the Hall of stones in the Valley of the Faith (Heb. 12:31) Troubler Rahab Teaches Us:  You’re never beyond the reach of God.  You can be “lost” while amongst the “found.”  All the people of Jericho had the same information about God that Rahab did. But only Rahab chose to trust God rather than resist him.  Faith is responding to the truth we know about God. Joshua Divides the Land  2 ½ Tribes on the East Bank  9 ½ Tribes on the West Bank  The Old Testament presents Canaan as God’s special possession, on which he settled the descendants of Abraham  Each tribe’s holdings were given to it. Then the tribal territory was subdivided and distributed to clans and families by lots  Because God controlled the fall of the lots, each Israelite felt that God personally provided his or her home  Six Cities of Refuge are established: Kedesh, Schechem, Hebron, Bezer, Ramoth, and Golan.  Cities of refuge were established within one day’s journey of any Israelite  A person who killed another could flee there and be safe until community elders determined whether the death was intentional or by accident  No land allotted to the Levites (the priests)  The Levites were assigned towns and fields within the territory of the other tribes  Everyone needed access to those charged with communicating God’s Word Joshua’s Final Address to Israel Farewell Address: God-given Victory Warnings: 1. Keep the law 2. No other gods 3. No inter-marriage with unbelievers Final Challenge 1. “Fear the Lord” 2. “Choose you this Day” Joshua and Jesus  The name “Jesus” is the Greek form of the Hebrew name “Joshua.” Joshua was the man God raised up to lead his people to victorious rest in the Old Testament  Unlike Joshua, Jesus is both fighting alongside his people and is himself the God who brings them ultimate victory  He reminds us that our peace, rest, and victory comes from him alone Strength in temptation:  Luke 22:32 Intercession  1 John 2:1  The accomplishment of our own victorious rest is not in our hands  1 Peter 1:3-4 Deuteronomy Instructions for Faithful Living in the Promise Land What Is Deuteronomy  Name means second law  Deuteronomy highlights the renewal of the covenant God made at Sinai with this new generation of Israelites.  Focus is on entering and the life in the land Deuteronomy: Historically  Moses is 120 years old, about to die  Israelites are on the plains of Moab, close to the promised land.  Deuteronomy is a series of speeches preparing Israel to enter and live in the land. Deuteronomy: Biblically  Deuteronomy 27-33 helps explain the rest of the Old Testament the best  Paul used the book of Deuteronomy heavily as a reference point for Romans  Jesus quoted from Deuteronomy more than any other book of the Old Testament. This includes:  His resisting of Satan in the wilderness  His theological explanation for the greatest commandment The Purpose of Deuteronomy  To remind Israel of God’s past and present grace toward his people  To articulate how Israel can maintain a covenant relationship with their God in the promised land Deuteronomy: An Outline Section 1  Entering the Land  Israel’s past relationship with God  grace  Deut. 1-11 Section 2  Life in the Land  Israel’s present relationship with God  law  Deut. 12-26 Section 3  Blessings & Curses of the Land  Israel’s future relationship with God  grace  Deut. 27-33  God’s grace in the past and future serves as the context and motivation for Israel keeping the law Deuteronomy and the Israelites  Deuteronomy emphasizes Israel’s relationship with God.  "Hear" is used 50 times; "Do, keep, observe" are used 177 times. Is Deuteronomy a book of “dos and don’ts” that promote legalism in Israel?  No. Here’s why:  Obedience is a response to grace, not a means of earning it.  “Look, the highest heavens and the earth and everything in it all belong to the Lord your God. Yet the Lord chose your ancestors as the objects of his love. And he chose you, their descendants, above all other nations, as is evident today. Therefore, change your hearts and stop being stubborn.” Deut. 10:14-16 2.  Obedience will foster a rich relationship with God and lead to a blessed life.  “You can make this choice by loving the Lord your God, obeying him, and committing yourself firmly to him. This is the key to your life. And if you love and obey the Lord, you will live long in the land the Lord swore to give your ancestors Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.” Deut. 30:20  “These instructions are not empty words—they are your life! By obeying them you will enjoy a long life in the land you will occupy when you cross the Jordan River.” Deut. 32:47 Deuteronomy emphasizes God’s unconditional love for Israel, and Israel’s call to love God from the heart.  God’s unconditional love for Israel  “For the Lord your God has blessed you in everything you have done. He has watched your every step through this great wilderness. During these forty years, the Lord your God has been with you, and you have lacked nothing.” Deut. 2:7 2.  Israel’s Call to love God from the Heart  Love as a basis for obedience is mentioned 21 times in Deuteronomy  “Listen, O Israel! The Lord is our God, the Lord alone. And you must love the Lord your God with all your heart, all your soul, and all your strength.” Deut. 6:4-5 C.  Listening properly leads to loving  Loving leads to listening intently Deuteronomy’s End:  Prediction  Moses and God predict that they won’t listen and will not be able to love, because they have a heart of stone  Result  Divine Judgment: they will be forced off the land and into exile  Response  Divine Love: God is self-determined to love His children, rescues them once again  Response  Divine Love: God will replace their heart of stone with a heart of flesh The Christian and Deuteronomy The Law and Life:  For the Israelites, the law of God were their life  For the Christian, Christ fulfilled the law; we find our life in Him  “These instructions are not empty words—they are your life! By obeying them you will enjoy a long life in the land you will occupy when you cross the Jordan River.” Deut. 32:47  “Jesus told him, “I am the way, the truth, and the life. No one can come to the Father except through me.” John 14:6 The Secret and the Revealed:  “The Lord our God has secrets known to no one. We are not accountable for them, but we and our children are accountable forever for all that he has revealed to us, so that we may obey all the terms of these instructions. Deut. 29:29  “By his divine power, God has given us everything we need for living a godly life. We have received all of this by coming to know him, the one who called us to himself by means of his marvelous glory and excellence.” 2 Peter 1:3  “And now in these final days, He has spoken to us through His son…” Hebrews 1:2  While God has not revealed everything in an absolute sense, He has revealed everything that we need to know  He has revealed much more in and through His son Blessings and Curses:  “Look, today I am giving you the choice between a blessing and a curse! You will be blessed if you obey the commands of the Lord your God that I am giving you today. But you will be cursed if you reject the commands of the Lord your God and turn away from him and worship gods you have not known before.” Deuteronomy 11:26- 28  According to Deuteronomy, to ask for God’s blessing is to ask for God  To choose a curse is to ask for a different God  The curse is that the true God will allow you to make these things your god, just long enough for them to suck away your soul. The New Heart:  “The Lord your God will change your heart and the hearts of all your descendants, so that you will love him with all your heart and soul and so you may live!” Deuteronomy 30:6  “And I will give you a new heart, and I will put a new spirit in you. I will take out your stony, stubborn heart and give you a tender, responsive heart. And I will put my Spirit in you so that you will follow my decrees and be careful to obey my regulations.” Ezekiel 36:26-27  “This means that anyone who belongs to Christ has become a new person. The old life is gone; a new life has begun!” 2 Corinthians 5:17  When we make a profession of faith in Jesus Christ, we are not asking Jesus into our hearts.  Rather, God, through the work of Christ, is giving us a new heart filled with His spirit  Not a heart resuscitation, but a heart transplant.


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