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Intro to Visual Arts, Beginnings of Modernism Cont., Prof. Mendez

by: Tory Walls

Intro to Visual Arts, Beginnings of Modernism Cont., Prof. Mendez Art 103

Marketplace > Shepherd University > Art > Art 103 > Intro to Visual Arts Beginnings of Modernism Cont Prof Mendez
Tory Walls

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About this Document

These are a continuation of last weeks notes on modernism.
Intro to Visual Arts
Professor Mendez
Class Notes
modern art, Art, Modern, modernism, monet, manet, Picasso, visual
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Tory Walls on Monday October 17, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Art 103 at Shepherd University taught by Professor Mendez in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 3 views. For similar materials see Intro to Visual Arts in Art at Shepherd University.


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Date Created: 10/17/16
The Beginnings of Modernism (1863-1970)  Modernism is an umbrella term for the whole period, which includes multiple styles of art.  Artist’s concern was that art wasn’t widely available, so they wanted to make it more available.  “The Death of Socrates”   Socrates was sentenced to death by poison for corrupting the youth. He was able to pay a fine to get out of it but he refused and continued to teach until his dying breath.  This painting was a narrative painting that told the story of his death, but unless you knew the story and the background it was hard to tell what was happening for sure. Modernism changed this kind of painting because it was focused more on how things were painted over what was painted. No longer was it only gods, goddess, and aristocrats being painted, but now people were painting everyday subject matter including things like strangers. st  1839- Louie Jaquez Daguerre invented the 1 photograph  These were very easily obtainable and people could pay $.25 for a picture  Edouard Manet  Began Modernism with “Luncheon On the Green”   This painting was entered into the Parisian Salon (The salon gives you credibility as an artist) but was refused because it was ”unfinished”. He got very upset about it and started his own salon called the salon of the refused.  He looks to the ordinary vs the gods or aristocrats for his subject matter.  He shows his brushwork and lets the view know that it is a painting. Impressionism (1874-1886)  Claude Monet  “Impression Sunrise” (1872)   This painting showed very obvious brushwork which was one of the biggest characteristics of impressionistic paintings. This style of brushwork is called flickering brushwork. These brush strokes the impression of the scene, but just leave out the detail. They also painted everyday life while it was happening.  “Rouen Cathedral”   This series of paintings captured the cathedral in all different types of weather and lighting.  The Water Lilly ponds  Monet always went back to paint the pond and he painted it in lots of different ways.  Edgar Degas  Focused on light and atmosphere  Composition is more asymmetrical  He took photographs from places and took them to his studio to paint so people were cut off from the picture and it was more of an open composition.  Pierre-Aguste Renoir  “Luncheon of the Boating Party”   This painting showed people in everyday life enjoying themselves.  Mary Cassett  She was view as less of an artist because she was a female.  She focused of painting mother child relationships in her paintings.  Camille Pissarro  Elevates vantage point which was uncommon because planes and such weren’t yet invented. Post Impressionism (1885-1906)  Personalized versions of impressionism  No real unified style  Breaks into two groups (Analytical/Scientific approach and the Emotional approach)  Analytical/ Scientific Approach  Paul Cezanne (1839-1906)  Series of interlocking planes (not continually modeled forms)  “Mardi Gras”  Harley Quinn Figure  Forms made into planes  Triangular composition and groups of nude women inspires cubism for Pablo Picasso  Mt. Saint Victor paintings inspired cubism  Everything is made of shapes  Begins to do away with negative space  Creates formula for abstraction  George Seurat (1850-1891)  How the eye perceives color  Pointillism  Human moments captured  Preplans and calculates work  Nobody blocks out others in crowds in his work because it is preplanned  gave the inside warmth because of gas lighting  Paul Signac  Pointillism  Intuitive/Emotional Appeal  Vincent Van Gogh  Minister to peasantry for Dutch countryside and after an affair he moved to Antwerp to work with his uncles and cousin in their gallery and soon started his own.  Started in a lot of darkness  “Potato eaters”  dark and starving  showed strong empathy for subjects he painted  early in life he tended to use brown and dark colors  he moved to Paris and his style began to reflect lighter colors and flickering brushwork of impressionists.  He used color for emotional quality  He cut off his ear for a woman and was institutionalized  He began to learn impasto painting  He began flattening space in his art  Very close to his brother Theo  He gave light a physical presence  “Wheat Field with Crows” was his last painting  Paul Gogan  Bailed of wealth, wife and children to go be an artist and was overwhelmed with guild  Friend of van Gogh  Tried to blend into art history with “Yellow Christ” Painting  Black lines to delineate figures  Biblical events in Dutch settings  Tries to get away from the world  resides in Tahiti and most popular works are every day life there  inspired Matisse  had lots of spiritual questioning  Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec  Dancers  Introduces modernism to graphic design


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