ANTH 240 Week 8 Notes
ANTH 240 Week 8 Notes Anth 240
Minnesota State University, Mankato
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Hallie Notetaker on Monday October 17, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Anth 240 at Minnesota State University - Mankato taught by Dr. Chelsea Mead in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 2 views. For similar materials see Language and Culture in Anthropology at Minnesota State University - Mankato.
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Date Created: 10/17/16
Signs, Body Language, Gestures, etc. Non-Verbal Communication “Process of transmitting messages without spoken or written words” o Facial expressions, bodily gestures, gaze, postures, space boundaries, hairstyles, clothing, makeup, taste, touch, smell, whistles, smoke signals, vocal affects 60-80% of messages get communicated nonverbally Sometimes non-verbal communication can override verbal communication Learning non-verbal communication Derived independent from verbal communication Whistle Languages Produced in the vocal tract and called “whistle speech” Not very common Functions of Non-Verbal Language Convey meaning Express emotion Present an image of oneself Manage interactions Define relationships o Intimacy o Dominance and submissiveness Paralinguistics Characteristics of vocal communication considered marginal or optional Voice qualifiers o Tone and pacing of speech o Variations in volume or intensity, pitch, tempo, articulation Voice characterizers o Crying, laughing, giggling, yelling Vocal segregates o Extralinguistic sounds – uh oh or tsk-tsk Silence and whispering Haptics – study of touching Functional-professional o Accomplished some sort of task o Physicians and a patient Social-polite o Social norms and expectations o Handshake Friendship-warmth o Expresses liking the other person Love-intimacy o Conveys deep emotional feelings Proxemics – study of spatial separation in f2f Depends on mutual involvement and culture specifics Proxemic zones o Intimate space 0-18 inches o Personal space 18 in. to 4 ft. o Social space 4-12 ft. o Public space 12+ ft. Territoriality – claiming spaces as your own Kinesics The study of body language, visible body movements They have meaning because they are patterned and occur together Facial expressions Eye contact Body posture Gestures Gestures Hand gestures/gesticulations o Emblems Gestures that “mean” something (peace sign, flipping the bird) o Illustrators Accent/show your verbal message (it was this big) o Regulators Facilitate turn-taking; floor holding (putting your had up to silence someone) o Adaptors Self-touching such as fixing your hair or checking your watch o Immediacy Degree to which you find something interesting Leaning forward if interested and back if not o Power Ability to influence or control other people or events
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