Soc 112 Week 9
Popular in American Family: Change and Diversity
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by MRob on Monday October 17, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 112 at Illinois State University taught by William Dowell in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 3 views.
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Date Created: 10/17/16
Week 9: In class notes Monday, October 17, 2016 1:59 PM 10/17 How Tasks Divided 1. Women's work daily and time bound, men's are not a. Cooking vs. mowing the lawn 2. Women are more likely to multitask, not men a. Cook dinner and do laundry at the same time 3. Time and motion managers a. Keeping others on task, organized, structured b. Think homework, to bus stop, to doctor etc. *Splitting household chores leads to a successful marriage* Full Time vs. Part Time Housewives • Full time housewives spend more time on housework than part time ○ Unnecessary work? • Does the quality of family suffer in part time households? • Are Full time housewives trapped in an ideology? ○ Too much pressure? ○ Perfection of the house and of the wife • Part time housework made up by purchasing services ○ Maids, prepared foods, dry cleaning goes out etc. • Working women have higher esteem and less depression, but more anxiety Changes over the years • We still perform the same tasks as 100 years ago. We've just changed how we do them! • No one delivers milk, ice, healthcare • Transportation is one of our most time consuming activities surrounding housework • Cooking is simpler today (we don't really think of this as housework though) ○ In 1997, the US spent more money eating out than eating at home ○ Eating out is just convenient • Sandwich generation is a new phenomena housework • Cooking is simpler today (we don't really think of this as housework though) ○ In 1997, the US spent more money eating out than eating at home ○ Eating out is just convenient • Sandwich generation is a new phenomena ○ Stuck caring for your parents as well as taking care of your own children Socialization Theory • Children learn what's expected of them. • Three significant factors 1. Adult role models a. What we see adults like our parents doing i. Ex. A children's book 1) What is Mama Bear doing? What about Papa Bear? b. Separating our chores 2. Cultural artifacts a. Toys teach what? i. Gender specific ii. Barbie dolls teach young children (mostly girls) to care Rational Choice Theory 1. Marriages are teams that look to divide the household work and market work in the most rational and efficient way 2. Ask: Who can earn the highest wage? a. If your Significant other is making more money, should you be doing more housework? b. Who is more skilled at housework? c. Assumes households maximize interest, not individuals i. Ex. People look for best marriages bargains, not individual bargains d. **After marriage, we typically begin to fall into the stereotypical gender roles Politics of Gender (Social Conflict theory) *manipulation of gender in society, inequality embedded in the system • Men exercising their power over women • Politics, Religion, Media, Government, Healthcare, Economy, Work, Family (housework) TA REVIEW STUDY SESSION 1. What are the three dimensions of Weber's Analysis of Class? Class Status Power 2. Low paying jobs in the service sector typically occupied by women are referred 1. What are the three dimensions of Weber's Analysis of Class? Class Status Power 2. Low paying jobs in the service sector typically occupied by women are referred to as…? Pink Collar Jobs 3. What racial group has the highest household income? Asian 4. What is the overall poverty rate? 13.5% 5. What age group has the highest household income? 45-54 year olds • Intergenerational change : based on outside of your lifestyle. Parents influence on you ○ *know examples of these • Intragenerational change: a lifestyle change made by you. Going from flipping burgers to being a teacher ○ • Achieved vs. Ascribed ○ Achieved is what you have accomplished for yourself ○ Ascribed is your social status • Cycle of poverty Culture of poverty theory ○ ○ Cultural structural model • Work Bias attached to gender ○ Employer wants to know if you're going to have a baby • Divorce rates are higher than they've ever been in 1979 as well as numbers of women in the work force • Supply of labor: people who are wanting to join the workforce • Demand of labor • Micro reasons to join the labor force: ○ Individual experiences Test questions: • Absolute poverty is the life -threatening deprivation of resources while relative poverty is in relation to those who have more than the individual • According to the social structural model, major changes in the structure of the economy create poverty • The culture of poverty does not allow free movement from culture to cul- re FALSE • It is NOT easy to break out of the cycle of poverty poverty is in relation to those who have more than the individual • According to the social structural model, major changes in the structure of the economy create poverty • The culture of poverty does not allow free movement from culture to cultu-re FALSE • It is NOT easy to break out of the cycle of poverty • The glass escalator refers to how men can move faster and higher up in pink collar jobs while the glass ceiling prohibits women from moving up • Work bias=illegal questioning • According to the Shriver report video, 1/3 of women are in poverty • Women made a majority of the labor force for the first time in 1979 due to the high divorce rates • Pink collar jobs are NOT housework. You are part of the economy and there is a monetary thing attached • If an egalitarian relationship cannot be achieved, women prefer autonomous relationships while men prefer neotraditional relationships. • Women observing their mothers in the labor force as a child could contribute to her wanting to be in the work force herself • Since the 1960's men's housework has remained the same • The second shift -a non monetary, second work shift.
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