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Exercise Physiology and Sports Science

by: Jeni Erickson

Exercise Physiology and Sports Science AL 3500

Marketplace > Clemson University > Athletic Leadership > AL 3500 > Exercise Physiology and Sports Science
Jeni Erickson
GPA 3.7

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About this Document

These notes are about the different types of Sports principles.
scientific basics of coaching 1
Dr. Michael Godfrey
Class Notes
Exercise Physiology
25 ?




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jeni Erickson on Monday October 17, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to AL 3500 at Clemson University taught by Dr. Michael Godfrey in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 7 views. For similar materials see scientific basics of coaching 1 in Athletic Leadership at Clemson University.

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Date Created: 10/17/16
Principles of Fitness  5 components of fitness o Cardiovascular endurance o Muscular strength o Muscular endurance o Body Composition o Flexibility  For a program to be effective, it is important to first establish goals and objective that are both short term and long term. o These goals have to be reasonable and attainable (they should be measurable) o Common Goals (These are not measurable and these are not good goals)  Increased strength  Increased muscle mass  Increased performance  To optimize workouts and set realistic goals, use a variety of basic principles of exercise science. o FITT principle  F: Frequency  I: Intensity  T: Type  T: Time  Principle of Specificity o The body is going to adapt to the specific components that you work out. o Adaptations are specific to the muscles being trained, the intensity of the exercise, the metabolic needs of the exercise and the joint angle at which the training is performed  Overload Principle o For training adaptations, to occur, the muscle of physiological component being trained (part of the body being trained) must be exercised at a level that it is not normally accustomed to. o You must overload the system/ consistently push the body.  Progression Principle o In order for adaptations to continually occur, the resistance must continually be modified.  Individuality Principle o People respond differently to the same training stimulus o Can be influenced by pre-training status, gender, and genetics.  Principle of Diminishing Returns o Performance games are related to the level of training experience of the individual  Novice compared to experienced  Principle of Reversibility o When the training stimulus is reduced or stopped, the improvements will also decrease.


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