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AFRAM 246 Week 2 Notes

by: Rebekah Notetaker

AFRAM 246 Week 2 Notes AFRAM 246

Rebekah Notetaker

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About this Document

These notes covered everything that was discussed in Week 2.
Christopher Parker
Class Notes
political science
25 ?





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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Rebekah Notetaker on Monday October 17, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to AFRAM 246 at University of Washington taught by Christopher Parker in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 2 views. For similar materials see AFRAM POLITICS (I&S,DIV) in Political Science at University of Washington.


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Date Created: 10/17/16
Opportunities for Change 1876-1930 Deep South - white folks felt more threatened (ex. Mississippi) Border States - (Peripheral South) relatively small amount of blacks (ex. Tennessee) The Situation: Tripartite System of Domination Economic - Low paying, unskilled labor (Agricultural, Domestic (mostly women) - Subject to termination at anytime- highly expendable Political - Redemption (Black Codes) - Rutherford B. Hayes, in 10 southern states there were several troops, Personal:​ Segregation (Plessy v Ferguson) - Education - Public Spaces - Residential The Black Church - Solidarity: All classes mixed - Refuge from white terror - The hub of black civil society (informal org, fraternities, sororities) - Space for political discussion - The organizational base for protest - Place where political skills learned and hones NAACP - Founded: 1909 NYC - White elites - Two Blacks: Du Bois (Liberal arts, talen​ ted ten, c ​ reme de la creme) and Ida B Wells - Strategy: Litigation Impediments to Political Opportunity Political Issues - White supremacy, planters and populism (Jennings’ movement failed b/c of a split) - Effect: no political leverage to compete with whites - Without the vote, violence ensued Political Opportunities (1876-1930) - Anti-black federal action Organizational Strength and the Black Population - Cotton/social control - Black southerners: too poor, dispersed, and vulnerable to organize - The black church: Membership too small, focused on afterlife (opiate of the masses), poor leadership - Black colleges: limited resources, low enrollment - Southern NAACP: small membership - Political Opportunities 1931-54 Decline of King Cotton - WWI induced labor shortages - Boll weevil, depression, and mechanization - Social control reduced - Population shift from rural to urban south Great Migration: began in 1910 - 7 States: NY NJ PA OH CA IL MI - Strongholds for Roosevelt and Truman Shift to Democratic Party - Began in 1936; Roosevelt receives overwhelming support - Truman adopts civil rights platform in 1948; wins WWII Favorable Federal Action Court Action: NAACP pressures(1930s) - Gaines 1938: Missouri Law School; couldn’t send blacks out of state - Shelley v Kraemer 1948: Housing covenants unenforceable - Sweatt (1950): UT Law School - Smith v Allright (1944): White Primary - Brown (1954)- overturn segregation in education - Massive resistance (desegregation everywhere) Executive Orders (8802 and 9981) - 8802- federal employment practice commission, illegal to discriminate against black folks in war time - 9981- desegregate federal troops Organization Strength: 1931-1954 - Shift to urban areas increases standard of living - Better occupation and incomes permitted better support for black institutions and financial independence - The black church grew w shift to cities increasing org. Strength, shift in ideology - Black colleges: increases endowments, more educated blacks - Southern wing of NAACP; membership quintupled from 85K-420K (1934-1946); stunning growth in Southern Chapters Extra- legal Resistance - Spanish-American and WWI veterans - Ida B Wells: Anti-lynching campaigns - Marcus Garvey: United Negro Improvement Association


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