Chapter 6 Notes
Chapter 6 Notes Pols 1101
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by D'Angel Brooks on Monday October 17, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Pols 1101 at Georgia State University taught by Dr. Lakeyta Bonnette in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 15 views. For similar materials see American Government in Government at Georgia State University.
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Date Created: 10/17/16
Chapter 6 – The Media News Media Mass media plays important roles in American politics such as: Watchdogs of government Conveyors of information to the public Political resources to be used by the government and politicians Types of Media Televisions News - Reaches more individuals than any other news source Provides little depth of coverage Resembles newspaper headlines connected to pictures Television news reaches more Americans Covers few topics and provides little depth of coverage Radio News - Is largely a headline service (but without TV's pictures) All-news stations provide some more coverage but are repetitious Talk-radio has become an important political force in recent years Uses a short amount of time without providing much detail Repeats the same stories throughout the day Important sources of commentary and opinions Adapt to changes in America Ex: Latinos Newspapers - Have lost their place as the dominant news source Often set the agenda for broadcast news sources Continue to be the primary source of news for the educated and influential Newspapers are used by political elites which is why it is important Provides more detailed and complete information and better context for analysis Has a smaller audience but more influential audience The Internet- Has grown in importance in recent years Could provide the depth of print coverage with the timeliness of broadcast Although the local and regional news of years past has given way to a more nationalized and homogenized news, there still exist smaller, specialized news enclaves Some cable television, radio stations, and Internet sites cater to very specific audiences News enclave – a group seeking specialized information not provided by the mainstream media Traditional Media Have Always Mattered in Democracy: Comedy Comedy talk sows with political content attract millions of television viewers Use humor, sarcasm, and social criticism to cover major political events Have become increasingly important sources of political news, especially for younger viewers. Americans who get political news from these shows are well informed about politics Regulation of the Broadcast Media Through the Federal Communications Commission (FCC), the government issues licenses and regulates the business and content of broadcast media. The FCC regulates broadcast media through various rules. Equal Time Rule: the requirement that broadcasters provide candidates for the same political office and equal opportunity to communicate their messages to the public. Right of Rebuttal: FCC regulation giving individuals the right to have the opportunity to respond to personal attacks made on radio or television broadcasts. Fairness Doctrine: How defunct FCC regulation that required broadcasters who aired programs on controversial issues to provide time for opposing views. News Coverage Three major factors influencing media coverage include: Journalists or news producers News sources or topics The news audience Media Power in American Politics Shaping Events- through their coverage, the media can shape American politics. Coverage played important roles in : The Civil Rights Movement Vietnam Watergate Sources of Media Power Agenda Setting- the power of the media to bring public attention to particular issues and problems Framing- the power of the media to influence how events and issues are interpreted Priming- process of preparing the public to take a particular view of an event or political actor.
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