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SOC 255 Week 3 Lecture Notes

by: Sarah Vernier-Dolin

SOC 255 Week 3 Lecture Notes SOC 255

Marketplace > Western Washington University > Sociology > SOC 255 > SOC 255 Week 3 Lecture Notes
Sarah Vernier-Dolin
Western Washington University

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About this Document

These notes cover everything discussed in lecture class this week
Social Organization of Criminal Justice
Ronald E. Helms
Class Notes
Crimes, sociology, criminals, Victims, Victimology
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sarah Vernier-Dolin on Monday October 17, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 255 at Western Washington University taught by Ronald E. Helms in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 122 views. For similar materials see Social Organization of Criminal Justice in Sociology at Western Washington University.

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Date Created: 10/17/16
SOC 255 Week 3 Lecture Notes 10/3 - 10/7 Types of Crimes § Violent or personal o Physically hurt/threaten people § Property crime o Damage people’s property § Crimes against public order & morals o Disorderly conduct, public drunkness, individual drug use, prostitut ion, & other minor offenses Crime Imagery § When we think of crime we most often imagine street crimes § There are others o Crimes against the state (treason, etc.) o White collar & corporate offenses (fiduciary responsibility) o Hate Crimes Crimes Against the State § Treason – levying war against the United States § Sedition – advocating violent overthrow of government § Sabotage – damaging property that would affect the country’s ability to wage war § Espionage – secret spying by agents of a foreign country § Terrorism o Weapons of mass destruction o Violent act that’s dangerous to human life that: § Is in violation of criminal laws of US § Intended to intimidate/coerce the population § Influence the policy of government by intimidation/coercion § Affect the conduct of the government by mass destruction, assassination, kidnapping o Prosecutors have only used one crime to convict § The crime of providing material support – providing aid to individual terrorists & terrorist organizations, including money, financial services, lodging, training, etc. White Collar Crimes § Falsification of corporation financial information § Transactions designed to artificially inflate revenue § Self-dealing by corporate insiders § 2 types: o Crimes of greed linked to unequal status o Crimes involving abuse of trust Hate Crimes § Crimes motivated by prejudice against groups based on differences in race, ethnici y, etc. § Hate isn’t a crime, it’s the motive for committing a crime § Including federal laws, most states also have hate crime laws Measuring Crime § Uniform Crime Reports (U CR) § Part 1 & part 2 crimes referred to as “Crime Index” § Index crimes are used to construct the index crime rate § Crimes unknown to police are referred to as unreported “dark figure” of crime § Data collection & recording is a bit problematic § National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS) Victim Surveys § National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS) § It’s a national phone poll including information about violent & property crimes § Doesn’t include homicide, because those victims are dead § Interviewers don’t ask whether you’re a victim of other crimes, & victims don’t always tell the truth Self-Reports § Surveys of special groups in the general population § Ask the people who commit them Criminals § 7 things about criminals o Most aren’t violent (1 out of 100) o 81% are male o Almost half are under 25 o Almost none are over 50 o Over 2/3 are white o Over half know their victims o Many are both criminals & crime victims § Female criminals o Women commit only 10% of violent crimes o Criminal careers of female criminals begin earlier than those o f men, stop sooner, & return to committing crimes much less frequently than men o Female crime is increasing § Spousal & intimate partner homicide exception o Women commit fewer crimes than men, but women murder their spouses & intimate partners at about the s ame or higher rates Crime Victims § Bare facts of criminal victimization o There were 23 million victimizations o Almost 5.7 million were violent crimes & little more than 18 million were property crimes o Young people were violent crimes victims at higher rates t han any other age group o There were 26.4 male victims & 21.9 female victims of violent crime for ever 1,000 households o There were 23.6 violent crime victims in every 1,000 households, 29.5 black victims & 26.5 Hispanic victims o The violent crime rate in hous eholds with income less than $7,500 was 46 for every 1,000 households o Most violent crime victims didn’t face an armed attacker § Types of victim o Occupation affects victimization § Violent crime on the job o Race § Most crime is intraracial (within races) not interracial (between races) o Lifestyle


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