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Anatomy & Physiology 1 Study Term Sheets

by: Lauren Shelton

Anatomy & Physiology 1 Study Term Sheets ZOOL 2403

Marketplace > Texas Tech University > Biology > ZOOL 2403 > Anatomy Physiology 1 Study Term Sheets
Lauren Shelton

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About this Document

These term sheets give me an insight of what can be tested on our exams.
Anatomy & Physiology 1
Dr. Rhonda Boros
Class Notes
Biology, anatomy
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This 8 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lauren Shelton on Monday October 17, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ZOOL 2403 at Texas Tech University taught by Dr. Rhonda Boros in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views. For similar materials see Anatomy & Physiology 1 in Biology at Texas Tech University.


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Date Created: 10/17/16
Lab: Axial Skeleton Required Terminology Skull Vertebrae Structures (know for all) Frontal bone vertofrady Supraorbital foramen (notch) Pedicle Parietal bone Lamina Occipital bone Transvrecess Fomramgnum Spirocess Jfogalaren Verferaalen Hypogfloorsalen Occcipntylle Vertebrae (specific) Temporal bone Cervritlrab External acoustic (auditory) canal (meatus) Transverse foramen Internal acoustic (auditory) canal (meatus) C1 (atlas) Styloid process of temporal bone C2 (axis) Mp astciss Dens (odontoid process) Stylomfaosomiden Thoerrtcrab Sphenoid bone Costal Facet tSrclilcaa Lvmertarra Optic canal (foramen) Sacral vertebrae (sacrum) Superior orbital fissure Coccygeal vertebrae (coccyx) Lwenser Gwrinter Sternum Foramen rotundum Manubrium Foramen ovale Jugular (sternal) notch Ethmoid bone Sternal angle Carlita Body of sternum Cribrpiotrem Xippociss Nasal bone Inferior nasal conchae Ribs Lacrimal bone True ribs (1-7) Zygomatic bone False ribs (8-12) Zygomatic Arch (skull structure) Floating ribs (11-12) Maxilla Infrafrbitalen bynoeid Palatine bone Mandible Body of mandible Mental foramen Angle Ramus Coronoid process of mandible Condyle of mandible (condylar process) Lab: Appendicular Skeleton – Upper Body Required Terminology Pectoral Girdle Upper Limb Clavicle Humerus Head of humerus Scapula Greater tubercle Borders: Lesser tubercle Superior Intertubercular groove Medial Anatomical neck Lateral Surgical neck Spine Deltoid tuberosity Supraspfissus Capitulum Infrasfissus Trochlea Subscfapusar Medial epicondyle of humerus Acroproioss Lateral epicondyle of humerus Glenoid fossa (cavity) Olecranon fossa Coracoid process of scapula Coronoid fossa Shoulder Joint Models Ulna Coracoacrlimamalent Trochlear notch Rotator cuff tendons Olecranon process Biceps brachii muscle tendon Coronoid process of ulna Radial notch Styloid process of ulna Head of the ulna Please note: Structures found on multiple bones must be identified to the bone they are located on Radius Head of radius Radial tuberosity Styloid process of radius Carpals Triquetrum Pisiform Hamate Metacarpals (#1 - #5) EX: Metacarpal #3 Phalanges (#1 - #5) Proximal, Middle, or Distal Phalanx Ex: Proximal phalanx #3 Note : "Phalange" refers to the digit, while "Phalanx" refers to the bone within the digit Lab: Appendicular Skeleton – Lower Body Required Terminology Pelvic Girdle (Os coxa) Lower Limb Acetabulum Femur Obturator foramen Head of femur Neck of femur Bones of the os coxa: Greater trochanter Ilium Lesser trochanter Iliac crest Linea aspera Iliac fossa Medial condyle of femur (larger) Anterior superior iliac spine Lateral condyle of femur Anterior inferior iliac spine Medial epicondyle of femur Greater sciatic notch Lateral epicondyle of femur Ischium Ischial spine Patella Ischial tuberosity Pubis Tibia Pubic tubercle Medial condyle of tibia Lateral condyle of tibia Joints on the Pelvis Tibial tuberosity symbihysis Medial malleolus Sacrjoilitac Fibula Knee Joint Models & Cadaver Images (PAL 3.0) Head of fibula Lmateriaslcus Lateral malleolus Mmeeniiaslcus Tibial (medial) collateral ligament Tarsals Fibular (lateral) collateral ligament Calcaneus Anterior cruciate ligament Talus Posterior cruciate ligament Plaealarent Metatarsals (#1 - #5) Ex: Metatarsal #3 Please note: Phalanges (#1 - #5)  Abbreviations for knee joint terms are not Proximal, Middle, or Distal Phalanx acceptable Ex: Proximal phalanx #3  Blending of terms result in wrong Note : "Phalange" refers to the digit, while answers-no exceptions! EX: tibula/fibia "Phalanx" refers to the bone within the digit and tarpal/carsal Lab: Head, Neck and Trunk Muscles Required Terminology Muscles on the Human Models Muscles of the Head Muscles of Facial Expression Frontalis Orbicularis oculi Orbicularis oris Depressor labii Zygomaticus Buccinator Muscles of mastication Masseter Temporalis Muscles of the Anterior Neck Sternocleidomastoid Muscles of the Chest Pectoralis major Pectoralis minor Serratus anterior External intercostals Internal intercostals Muscles of the Abdomen Rectus abdominis External oblique Internal oblique Transverse abdominis Muscles of the Back Trapezius Latissimus dorsi Rhomboid major Rhomboid minor NOTE: Any muscle can be tested on anatomical or cadaver images from PAL 3.0 Lab: Upper Limb Muscles Required Terminology Muscles on the Human Models Muscles of the Forearm & Hand Posterior (extensor) compartment Muscles of the Shoulder Supinator Muscles of the Rotator Cuff Brachioradialis Supraspinatus Extensor carpi radialis longus Infraspinatus Extensor carpi ulnaris Subscapularis Extensor digitorum Teres minor Extensor pollicis brevis Teres major Extensor pollicis longus Levator scapulae Deltoid Muscles of the Arm Anterior (flexor) compartment Biceps brachii Brachialis Coracobrachialis Posterior (extensor) compartment Triceps brachii Muscles of the Forearm & Hand Anterior (flexor) compartment Pronator teres Palmaris longus Flexor carpi radialis Flexor carpi ulnaris Flexor digitorum Flexor digitorum profundus Flexor pollicis longus Abductor Pollicis Brevis Lab: Lower Limb Muscles Required Terminology Muscles of the Gluteal Region Muscles of the Anterior Leg Iliacus Tibialis anterior Psoas major Extensor hallucis muscles Gluteus maximus Extensor hallucis longus Gluteus medius Extensor digitorum muscles Gluteus minimus (find in trunk muscles) Extensor digitorum longus Piriformis Tensor fasciae latae Muscles of the Lateral Leg Iliotibial tract Fibularis muscles Fibularis brevis Muscles of the Anterior Thigh Fibularis longus Sartorius Quadriceps femoris group: Muscles of the Posterior Leg Rectus femoris Gastrocnemius Vastus lateralis Soleus Vastus medialis Flexor hallucis muscles Vastus intermedius Flexor hallucis longus Flexor digitorum muscles Muscles of the Medial Thigh Flexor digitorum longus Gracilis Adductor muscles Adductor magnus Adductor longus Muscles of the Posterior Thigh Hamstrings muscle group: Biceps femoris Semitendinosus Note : Be able to identify muscles from human Semimembranosus anatomical model images in PAL 3.0 Lab: Nervous System, Special Senses, and Endocrine System  Required Terminology Page 1 of 2      Spinal Cord (articulated vertebral column)  Conus medullaris  Cauda equina  Sympathetic trunk ganglia  Intercostal nerves    Spinal Cord / Spinal Nerve (transverse section)  Gray matter   Anterior (ventral) horns Posterior (dorsal) horns  White matter  Spinal nerve       Dorsal root            Dorsal root ganglion       Ventral root    Spinal Nerve Plexus  Brachial plexus**       Axillary nerve** –  motor to shoulder muscles, sensory from skin of shoulder       Radial nerve** –  motor to posterior arm and forearm muscles, sensory from skin of posterior   arm, forearm and hand)       Musculocutaneous nerve** – motor to anterior arm muscles, sensory from skin of anterior forearm       Median nerve** ‐   motor to most anterior forearm muscles, sensory from skin of palm of hand       Ulnar nerve** ‐   motor to most hand muscles, sensory from skin of palm of hand    Lumbosacral plexus       Sciatic nerve** ‐   motor to posterior thigh and all of leg and foot, sensory from skin of same area            Tibial nerve**            Fibular nerve**       Femoral nerve** ‐   motor to anterior thigh muscles, sensory from skin of same region       Obturator nerve ‐  motor to medial thigh muscles, sensory from skin of same region    **NOTE: Be able to identify from both human anatomical models and cat images in PAL 3.0.  Lab: Nervous System, Special Senses, and Endocrine System  Required Terminology Page 2 of 2      Brain**    Eye   Cerebrum    Muscles       Lobes:         Superior rectus            Frontal lobe         Inferior rectus            Parietal lobe         Lateral rectus            Temporal lobe         Medial rectus            Occipital lobe         Superior oblique       Longitudinal fissure         Inferior oblique            Right & Left hemispheres    Layers       Central sulcus         Sclera            Precentral gyrus         Choroid            Postcentral gyrus         Retina       Lateral sulcus    Other structures       Olfactory tracts         Cornea       Olfactory bulb         Iris       Optic tracts         Pupil       Optic chiasm         Lens       White matter         Optic disc       Gray matter         Optic nerve       Thalamus           Corpus callosum          Hypothalamus    Ear       Pituitary gland    External        Pineal gland         Auricle  Cerebellum         External acoustic (auditory) canal       Arbor vitae         Tympanic membrane  Brain stem    Middle       Mid brain (mesencephalon)         Auditory tube       Pons         Auditory ossicles:       Medulla (oblongata)              Malleus                Incus  Ventricular system:              Stapes       Lateral ventricle         Oval window        Third ventricle         Round window       Cerebral aqueduct    Inner       Fourth ventricle         Semicircular canals           Vestibule  Endocrine System          Cochlea  Thyroid gland         Vestibulocochlear nerve  Parathyroid glands  Adrenal glands  Pancreas    **NOTE: Be able to identify on human anatomical models and human cadaver images in PAL 3.0 


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