10-11 and 10-13 notes
10-11 and 10-13 notes SWRK 330
Popular in Human Behavior in the Social Environment
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kirsten Swikert on Tuesday October 18, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SWRK 330 at Western Kentucky University taught by Dr. Mallinger in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 3 views. For similar materials see Human Behavior in the Social Environment in Social Work at Western Kentucky University.
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Date Created: 10/18/16
Theories of Psychological Development • Attachment o Stages/patterns of attachment o Long term effects of attachment o Attachment and day care o Cross cultural differences in attachment o Types: § Secure § Anxious ambivalent § Anxious avoidant § Disorganized Social Development • Socialization • The family environment o Membership in family groups: variations in family structures o Positive family functioning o Macro systems, families, and the pursuit of social and economic justice o The dynamics of family systems • The application of systems theory principles oto families o Systems o Homeostasis o Subsystems o Boundaries o Input o Output o Feedback o Entropy o Negative entropy o Equifinality o Differentiation • The family life cycle o Diverse perspectives on the family life cycle § Stage 1: leaving home, emerging young adults § Stage 2: joining of families through marriage/union § Stage 3: families with young families § Stage 4: families with adolescents § Stage 5: launching children and moving on at midlife § Stage 6: families in late middle age § Stage 7: families nearing the end of life § Additional issues affecting multiple phases of the family life cycle • Single adults • Immigration status • Learning theory o Critical thinking: evaluation of theory o Respondent conditioning o Modeling o Operant conditioning o The ABCs of behavior § Antecedent § Behavior § Consequence o Reinforcement § Positive reinforcement § Negative reinforcement o Punishment o Extinction • Applications of learning theory to practice o The use of positive reinforcement o Types of positive reinforcers o Secondary reinforcers § Material reinforcers and nonfood consumables § Activities § Social reinforcers § Tokens o Reinforcers versus rewards o Suggestions for using positive reinforcement § Quality of § Immediacy of § Frequency of § Shaping behavior o Use of punishment § Potential negative consequences § Nature of punishment § Effectiveness of punishment § Suggestions for using punishment • Additional issues o Accidental training o Behaviorally specific terminology o Measuring improvement o Importance of parental attention • Impacts of common life events on children o Membership in family systems o Cultural context and parenting style o Ethnic and cultural differences in families: empowerment through appreciation of strengths § Hispanic families § Native American families § Asian American families o Membership in sibling subsystems § The coming of a new baby § Sibling interaction § The effects of birth order, family size, and family spacing o Gender role socialization • The social environment: peers, television, and school o The social aspects of play with peers § Play and interaction § Social play § Gender differences in play § The peer group and popularity o The influence of television and other media § Bullying o The school environment § Teacher’s impact § Effective school environments § Educational programming that responds to cultural values § Race, ethnicity, and schools • Child maltreatment o Incidence of child maltreatment o Physical child abuse § Diverse cultural contexts: discipline or abuse? § Characteristics of physically abused victims § Characteristics of abusers • Need for personal support and nurturance • Social isolation • Communication and relationship difficulties • Poor parenting skills • Poor general coping skills • Extreme external stress and life crises o A macro system response: child protective services o Treatment of physical abuse, neglect, and psychological maltreatment: social work role o A macro system response: involvement of the courts o Sexual abuse § The dynamics of child sexual abuse § The internet and sexual abuse predators § Characteristics of sexual abuse victims § Long term effects of sexual abuse § Suggestions for talking to children victimized by sexual assault § Treatment of sexual abuse: social work role § Prevention of sexual abuse: the need for a macro system response § Educating children about sexual abuse
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