Personality Disorders Part 2
Personality Disorders Part 2 PSYC 3014
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jess on Tuesday October 18, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 3014 at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University taught by Dr. John Richey in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 3 views. For similar materials see Abnormal Psychology in Psychology (PSYC) at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University.
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Date Created: 10/18/16
Personality Disorders Part 2 Antisocial Personality Disorder Clinical features o Intelligence, superficial charm o Callous, unemotional traits o Manipulative, narcissistic DSM-5 Criteria o Impairments in self functioning (A or B) o A. Egocentrism o B. Goals based on personal gratification o Impairments in interpersonal functioning (A or B) o A. Lack of empathy o B. Lack of intimacy Very small percentile of people with this disorder are suicidal Often these traits can be seen early in development Severe childhood conduct disorder is thought to be a precursor to ASPD “The Mask of Sanity” o Psychopathy is a juxtaposition of severe underlying pathology against the overt appearance of mental health “Cleckley Psychopath” o The ‘successful’ psychopaths who live among us o “successful” means that they can live normal live not that they can successfully kill people Borderline Personality Disorder Pervasive pattern of instability in social relationships Frantic efforts to avoid real or imagined abandonment Profound emotional reactivity The term “borderline” is an antiquated and outdated term Originally meant to refer to the ‘border’ between neurosis and psychosis HIGHLY comorbid o Depression o Substance dependence Idealization or devaluation of friends/family o “splitting” “stormy” interpersonal relationships Internal emotional turmoil o Emotional “lability” Sometimes accompanied by extreme behaviors o Cutting o Self-injury o Excessive sexuality o Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) Suicide attempts might be attempts to manipulate others Rate of suicide are elevated in BPD Why might a disorder characterized by lack of emotion regulation result in these kinds of behaviors? Cluster C [Anxious/Fearful] A pervasive pattern of inhibited/fearful behaviors Lifelong Avoidant Personality Disorder Pervasive pattern of social inhibition Limited social relationships o Patient desires to have relationships Extreme sensitivity to criticism DSM-5 Criteria o Social inhibition o Feelings of inadequacy o Fear of negative evaluation Dependent Personality Disorder Dependent P.D. is a “pervasive and excessive need to be taken care of” o Leads to: Submissive behavior Clingy-ness Obsessive/Compulsive P.D. A pervasive pattern of preoccupation with orderliness, perfectionism, and control Comes at the expense of efficiency, interpersonal, flexibility, and openness NOT THE SAME AS OCD o OCPD patients typically do not have ritualistic behaviors or “true” obsessions
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