Interpersonal Relations Chapter 4 Notes
Interpersonal Relations Chapter 4 Notes psych2042
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kaija Perkins on Tuesday October 18, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to psych2042 at The University of Cincinnati taught by Rogers in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 3 views. For similar materials see Interpersonal Relations in Psychology at The University of Cincinnati.
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Date Created: 10/18/16
Chapter 4 – Emotions and Stress Management Four components of Emotions: 1) Physiological arousal (sweaty palms) 2) Subjective feelings (experiencing emotion) 3) Cognitive processes (fear, thoughts) 4) Behavioral reactions (resulting actions) Ten Building blocks of Emotions: 1) Emotions aren’t right or wrong (everybody responds differently) 2) Context makes a difference (detaching can be good or bad) 3) Family beliefs affect emotions (expressive vs. not) 4) Repressing emotions can make them more intense 5) Diminish one emotion diminish all of them (others don’t fill the space) 6) We have feelings about feelings (reactions to emotions) 7) The way out is the way in (worse if you ignore emotions) 8) Know how to get in and out (balance) 9) Use a dimmer switch (vary the degree of emotion) 10) Remember to remember (adapting to emotions) 6 basic emotions = mad, sad, glad, fear, disgust, surprise Theories of Emotion: Cannon-Barde= event emotion automatic activation James-Lange= event automatic activation emotion Schachter-Singer= depends on arousal and cognitive interpretation (extra step to J- L) Cognitive Appraisal= think about response to develop emotion Neuroscience of Emotion: - Amygdala fight-or-flight - Two pathways: senses cortex, shortcut amygdala The way we think about situations can change the way we feel Dissociating= view situation from another perspective Associating= walk in someone else’s shoes (public speaking?) Incoming emotions= ability to empathize with other’s emotions Outgoing emotions= ability to express your own feelings Feelers= empathize and know your own emotion Sponges= empathize and ignore own feelings Blamers= feels their feelings and don’t empathize Spocks= not in touch with any feelings Anger- a powerful emotion, unexpressed anger can be detrimental. May assert ourselves/defend ourselves, may limit other emotions, can cause emotions to build up. Passive aggressiveness Controlling anger: - Distract yourself - Physical activity - Self-talk - Let it go (If you cant control/change the situation) - Don’t take it personally - Allow yourself to be angry then deal with yourself - Think of someone who is worse off - Go to bed angry Taking a break: - Use “I” or “WE”, not “you” - Specific time to deal with it Guilt= feeling of responsibility for negative circumstances Constructive guilt= regret and remorse for actual wrongdoing Destructive guilt= ruminate to make yourself feel worse Emotional Intelligence= understanding one’s feelings, empathy for feelings of others, regulates emotions to enhance life EQ Components: - Self awareness - Mood management - Empathy - Social skills - Motivation Stress= reaction to threatening situations (strains coping skills) - + = motivation - Post-traumatic growth Sources of Stress= pressure, internal conflict, frustration, change Coping with stress= think positively, pay attention to early warning signs, hardiness, aid/care/concern, etc.
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