Interpersonal Relations Chapter 5
Interpersonal Relations Chapter 5 psych2042
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kaija Perkins on Tuesday October 18, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to psych2042 at The University of Cincinnati taught by Rogers in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 3 views. For similar materials see Interpersonal Relations in Psychology at The University of Cincinnati.
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Date Created: 10/18/16
Chapter 5 – Family Influences 8 Family Processes: 1) Differentiation of self (see yourself as an individual) 2) Triangles (third party mediator) 3) Nuclear family emotional system (emotions parents children) 4) Family projection Process (“black sheep” redirects attention) 5) Emotional cut-off (leaving the family) 6) Multigenerational transmission process (repeat limiting patterns) 7) Sibling Position (seniority and sex distribution affect behavior) 8) Emotional Process in Society (Society influences family) Research on Family Constellation Examples: - Alfred Adler striving for superiority and birth order - Sulloway same birth ranks have more in common than siblings Birth Order: Oldest Child - Protector, responsible, conscientious - High-level of achievement, likes structure - May feel dethroned when sibling is born - Often finds a middle or youngest when finding a spouse Second Born - Troublemaker, challenge authority, lively and entertaining - May feel unloved - May find work that allows freedom - Laissez-Faire attitude Youngest Child - Never displaced, often indulged, optimistic, immature into adulthood - Works well in sales (use charm) Only Child - Tends to act like an oldest - Depends on attitude of parents Parenting Style: Indulgent/Permissive= few demands, low expectations - Helicopter parents= lives revolve around child, hover around children and rescue them, leave children unequipped to deal with challenges Authoritarian= strict rules, unresponsive, punishments - Drill Sargent parents= extreme tendencies to be controlling, leave children to be unable to think for themselves Authoritative= strict rules but more democratic - Consultant parents= describe how they would solve a problem to their children, leave children to solve problems on their own Uninvolved= rejecting, neglectful, no consistent attention Dysfunctional/Abusive Families: 1) Neglect 2) Physical abuse 3) Psychological maltreatment 4) Sexual abuse Substance Abuse: - Chemical dependency= inability to control the use of a substance - Inappropriate behavior, lose job or family (hurt by actions), endanger their health, lives, and health of others, act out in ways that will embarrass them later How children cope with Abuse: (usually substance abuse) - Superhero= tries to fix everything - Scapegoat= acts out to get the brunt of the emotions - Lost child= resorts to isolation to not contribute to the problem - Chief enabler= stand up for abuser and hides faults Steps to get help: 1) Acknowledge the problem openly 2) Seek professional help 3) Seek support from people who are recovering Satir’s “Five Freedom’s”: 1) See and hear what is here and now 2) Think what one thinks 3) Feel what one feels 4) Want and choose what one wants 5) Imagine one’s own self-actualization Step Families: (challenges) 1) Parent child bond predates the couple bond 2) Bio parent elsewhere that influences stepfamily 3) Children spend time in two households 4) Values in lifestyles may be very different a. Therapy/Counseling can help resolve conflict and improve communication
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