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Lecture 10/13/16 Notes

by: Marina Rodriguez

Lecture 10/13/16 Notes History 190

Marina Rodriguez
Minnesota State University, Mankato

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these notes cover what's going to be on the next exam.
United States to 1877
Melodie Andrews
Class Notes
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Marina Rodriguez on Tuesday October 18, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to History 190 at Minnesota State University - Mankato taught by Melodie Andrews in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see United States to 1877 in History at Minnesota State University - Mankato.


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Date Created: 10/18/16
History 190 Lecture 10/13/16 John Adams Administration Cont.  Midnight Appointments: Adams judicial appointments in the last few days of his term. o Most important = John Marshall  Jefferson felt his election was the second revolution  Jefferson turns to his secretary to figure out a way to get rid of the National Bank of the U.S. o Couldn’t get rid of it because it’s become essential to the economic system o Abolishes whiskey tax o Cuts down cost of government o Reduces national debt o Strengthens bank by opening new branches in the South  Jefferson’s relationship with the judiciary o Judiciary was the weakest branch o John Marshall’s mission is to strengthen the power of the judiciary o 1803- Marshall uses case of Marbury vs Madison to declare acts of congress unconstitutional  establishes judicial review- determines if something is constitutional  Executive branch enforces decisions of supreme court o Too weak to defy president  1803- Britain and France are back to war Louisiana Purchase 1803: $15 million for over 800,000 acres o Adopts Hamilton’s idea of implied powers  Use a broad interpretation of the constitution o Did this to buy it now, instead of waiting for an amendment saying it could be bought o Federalists oppose purchase for political reasons  Lewis and Clark Expedition: sent by Jefferson to explore the newly purchased land  Jefferson deals with threatening conditions in Europe during his second term  Embargo Act- disaster o Loss of income o Triggers agricultural depression o One good thing- Americans start manufacturing their own stuff, instead of buying G.B.’s  War Hawks: Die-hard group who support the war o Leaders = Clay, Calhoun, and Webster o Calhoun- leading defender/spokesman o Webster- leading voice in opposition to slavery o They press Madison to go to war  Pro-war sentiment: centered around south, SW, and West. Anti-war sentiment: everywhere else  Pushing for war to take advantage of it and expand the U.S. territory  Madison declares war with Britain in 1812  Charter expired for the bank (allowed by war Hawks), so no central bank for the whole war 2 o Problem = how to make funds  Madison’s 4 reasons of going to war o Impressment of sailors o British seizures of U.S. cargo o Britain blockades o British stirring up Natives  Treaty of Ghent: Christmas eve of 1814 o Peace treaty o Didn’t address any of the 4 reasons o Put everything back the way it was before the war o Restored the status quo  Battle of New Orleans: (after the war) decisive victory o Jackson and hodge-podge group defeated Britain at the ports of new Orleans o 2 important consequences:  illusion of victory of the war  sets stage for rise of Jackson (considered hero)  Madison does: o Taxed imported goods for protection, not revenue to encourage people to buy U.S. goods o Reestablishment of Bank of the U.S. James Monroe and “Era of Good Feelings”  Called the era of good feelings because federalists sort of disappear and there’s only one party- the Jeffersonian republicans 3  Monroe was last president who served in the continental army  Cabinet: John Quincy Adams (Sec. of State), John C. Calhoun (Sec. of war)  U.S. being flooded with European goods  1819- an economic depression, increases antagonism and tension between SW and NE o sectional tensions  Missouri applies to congress for statehood o At the time- perfect balance of slave holder and free states o Wants to come into union with slaves o Causes Maine to apply as free state o Clay hammers out compromise  Missouri Compromise of 1820: Maine comes in as a free state, Missouri comes in as a slave state o Everything north of the 36-30 line is free, south of it is slave territory  Monroe doctrine: clear warning to England/Europe that no territory in north America can be established a colony by them and we won’t interfere in any of their affairs or colonies  However we didn’t promise any other countries not to interfere with upcoming affairs  U.S. is the only great resident power at the time  Monroe re-elected in 1820  As he starts 2nd term, he becomes incapable of holding together the one political party 4


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