History 201 Chapter 9 Study Questions
History 201 Chapter 9 Study Questions His 201
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Rebecca Rhodes on Tuesday October 18, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to His 201 at Tri-County Technical College taught by Chad Gregory in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views.
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Date Created: 10/18/16
Chapter 9 Study Questions: 1. The Non-Intercourse Act of 1809 allowed Americans to trade with every nation except a. Britain and France 2. Why did American farm incomes plummet by roughly one-third in the late 1810s? a. The demand for American food dropped sharply in Europe 3. How did northern manufacturers hope to revive the economy in the wake of the Panic of 1819? a. They called for higher tariffs 4. How did Representative Henry Clay of Kentucky forge a compromise to resolve the immediate issue of the admission of Missouri as a slave state? a. He proposed the admission of Maine as a free state and of Missouri as a slave state 5. Why were far more voters actively engaged in partisan politics at the state and local levels rather than nationally prior to the 1820s? a. There was little serious political opposition at the national level 6. Why did the state of New Jersey rescind women's right to vote in 1807? a. Small numbers of women and black voters decided contested elections 7. Why did officials in Charleston, South Carolina, tear down the African Methodist Episcopal Church in 1822? a. The city suspected the church was the place where slaves planned an uprising 8. John Quincy Adams's most notable legislative victory during his presidential administration was a. The tariff of 1828 9. What distinguished the inauguration of 1828 from those that had preceded it? a. The inauguration attracted an exceptionally large and noisy crowd 10. Why did Henry Clay and Daniel Webster push Nicholas Biddle to request an early recharter of the Bank of the United States? a. To force Jackson’s veto and split the Democratic Party 11. What was the purpose of the Force Bill of 1833? a. The authorization of military force against South Carolina 12. Why was the Battle of the Thames a significant event during the War of 1812? a. It resulted in the death of Tecumseh 13. In 1827, the Cherokees had adopted a republican form of government based on what model? a. The U.S. Constitution 14. How did the first lady, Dolley Madison, distinguish herself on the eve of the British attack on Washington City in 1814? a. She evacuated with government papers and valuables from the city 15. Who became a national hero as a result of the War of 1812? a. Andrew Jackson 16. What were the three key features of Henry Clay's American System, which he developed in the 1810s? a. Federal funding for transportation to help farmers, high tariffs to help manufacturers, and creation of a new national bank 17. Why did New York City become the nation's premier seaport after the 1820s? a. The Erie Canal liked western farmers to the Hudson River and thus to New York City 18. Why did President Monroe add a codicil to a treaty with Russia that declared the Western Hemisphere as a U.S. sphere of influence in the early 1820s? a. Monroe wanted to challenge European authority in the Atlantic world 19. Why did southern planters and small farmers of the early nineteenth century constantly seek more fertile fields? a. Continuous cultivation of cotton drained nutrients from the soil of established fields 20. Why did the United States require more banks after the 1810s? a. The growth in trade required such commercial institutions 21. Thomas Jefferson's successor to the presidency, James Madison, made his name in American society as a. The chief author of the Constitution 22. What was one of the political consequences of the Panic of 1819? a. Americans became more skeptical of federal authority 23. Why did southern senators block the admission of Maine as a state in 1819? a. They wanted to maintain the balance of power in the Senate 24. Where did slaves rise up in rebellion in 1811? a. In Louisiana 25. Why did the proposal of Martin Van Buren and the committee on suffrage arouse such heated opposition at the New York state constitutional convention in 1821? a. It suggested voting rights for all white men 26. In what part of the nation did individual states deny African Americans even the right to settle within the boundaries? a. In parts of the North 27. Which of the following describes what happened in the 1824 election? a. Andrew Jackson won the popular vote 28. Which of the following was an original Democratic- Republican constituency in the late 1820s? a. Northern artisans 29. Why was Andrew Jackson's informal group of advisers known as the "Kitchen Cabinet"? a. This group of advisers was an informal one 30. Why was the Democratic Party of the late 1820s built on an unstable foundation? a. It relied on northern workers as well as southern farmers 31. Who was the actual author of The South Carolina Exposition and Protest, which was published anonymously in 1828? a. John C. Calhoun 32. What triggered the creation of a pan-Indian alliance in the Ohio River Valley in the 1790s? a. The Indians’ defeat in the Battle of Fallen Timbers inspired their resistance 33. How did the Cherokee chief John Ross fight the campaign for the removal of his tribe from Georgia? a. He pursued legal means to resist the removal 34. Why did New England Federalists adamantly oppose the war in 1812? a. New England merchants feared the commercial disruptions that the war was sure to entail 35. The majority of participants at the Hartford Convention in Connecticut in 1814 supported a. Amendments to the U.S Constitution 36. What overland transportation route connected the United States with today's American Southwest in the early nineteenth century? a. The Santa Fe Trail 37. Why did President James Monroe establish the nation's first peacetime army in 1818? a. Andrew Jackson’s attacks on two Spanish forts increased the risk of war 38. How was Henry Clay's American System intended to bind the regions of the United States together after 1815? a. Roads, rivers, canals, and steamboats were to unify a growing nation 39. In the 1810s, Cincinnati emerged as a center of commerce that connected a. The South with the West 40. Why did European governments begin to hoard gold and silver in the late 1810s? a. They were fearful of growing turmoil in South America 41. To remove the Indian threat in northern territories, President James Monroe negotiated treaties with a. Great Britain 42. In 1815, General Andrew Jackson sparked outrage by Spanish, British, and American officials when he a. Bombed two British forts and killed innocent citizens in the process 43. What cruel, manipulative action by Governor William Henry Harrison on behalf of the Indiana Territory inspired outrage on the part of Tecumseh at Prophet Town in 1808? a. Harrison got Indian leaders drunk and tricked them into signing over their land 44. Conflicts between Indians and the United States were ongoing and complicated. What was the consequence of the U.S. victory in 1794 led by General “Mad Anthony” Wayne against a Shawnee-led coalition? a. Outraged, Indians forged a pan-Indian alliance 45. During the early decades following the Revolutionary War, even most white men could not vote because they a. Did not own property 46. When the international slave trade was officially ended in 1808, slavery a. Expanded as more territory for growing cash crops became available 47. What two new parties were formed from the Democratic- Republicans when they broke up over the election of 1824? a. Democrats and national republicans 48. Which candidate for presidency in 1828 ran as a man of the people, emphasizing his humble origins and hoping to appeal to small farmers and northern workers? a. Andrew Jackson 49. How did most ordinary Americans respond to efforts of the Democratic-Republican party to use the power of the federal government to invest in infrastructures? a. They supported them because such plans advanced industry and agriculture 50. Southern senators blocked Maine's admission to statehood because Maine a. Would have given more power in the Senate to free states 51. The House of Representatives rejected Missouri's application for statehood in 1819 because a. Missouri wanted to be a slave state 52. Jackson responded to the passage of the Indian Removal Act by a. Ordering federal troops to fight the indians 53. Although Andrew Jackson claimed to be representative of the “common man” as president, he was actually supported only by a. White people 54. Which group gained important political rights during the 1820s? a. White men
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