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Week 9 notes

by: Aunjela Latham

Week 9 notes 1010

Aunjela Latham
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About this Document

These notes are an overview of everything from public opinion to partisanship
Political Science
Class Notes
influences, partisanship, public opinion, values, ideology, celebrity, Endorsements




Popular in Political Science

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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Aunjela Latham on Tuesday October 18, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 1010 at Ohio University taught by Dr.Elliot-Doran in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 3 views. For similar materials see Political Science in Politics at Ohio University.


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Date Created: 10/18/16
Public Opinion 10.18.16 1. Celebrity Endorsements 2. Public Opinion 3. Values 4. Ideology What is public opinion? What drives the attitude of the average american citizen? Democratic Governments should reflect the will of the people ● How do we know what the public wants? ● Where does public opinion originate? - Average citizens do not always have vast information about issues or elections, yet can form opinions about such matters. - What factors influence public opinion in the presence or absence of relevant information? Understanding Public Opinion ● Public opinion: the value and attitudes that people have about issues,events, and personalities. ● Values ( or beliefs) : a person’s basic orientations to politics. ● Political ideology : a cohesive set of beliefs that for a general philosophy about government. ● Attitude (or opinion): specific view about a particular issue, personality or event. Most Americans subscribe to the principles of Fundamental Values: - Equality of Opportunity (86%) - Liberty (70%) - Democracy (69%) Fundamental Values Fundamental Value Explained: ● Liberty: freedom from governmental control. ● Equality of Opportunity: people should have the freedom to use whatever talents and wealth they have to reach their fullest potential. ● Democracy: a systems of rule that permits citizens to play a significant part in the governmental process, usually through the election of key public officials. Political Ideologies ● Ideology: set of underlying orientations, ideas, beliefs ● Liberalism and conservatism are two main political ideologies in the United States today. ● Ideology is associated but not synonymous with partisanship. - One may be conservative or liberal no matter what parties happen to exist in a given country or point in time. Liberalism and Conservatism Defined: ● Liberalism: ​those who generally support governmental intervention in the economy and more economic equality; expansion of federal social services; and greater concern for consumers and the environment. ● Conservatism:​ those who generally support the social and economic status quo and believe that a large and powerful government poses a threat to citizens’ freedom. Political Ideologies: Liberalism ● Domestic issues - Government involvement in economy to protect workers,expand social services. - Advocate for poor minorities, women consumers, and the environment. - Separation of church and state. ● Foreign Affairs -opposing sending American troops to influence the domestic affairs in other countries. - support for international organizations. Political Ideologies: Conservatism ● Domestic issues - Opposes social economic engineering, such as wealth redistribution and affirmative action. - Favor light business and industry regulation, low taxes for higher earners, traditional family structures, and school prayer. ● Foreign affairs - Support Stronger military power and spending. - Less supportive of international organizational efforts and entanglements. Ideology is like a scale (left right) Left being Liberal(1,2) and Right being Conservative (6,7) One through seven is the scale but four is moderate really three through five. Other Ideologies Defined: ● Libertarianism:​ a political ideology that emphasizes freedom and voluntary association with small government. ● Socialism:​ a political ideology that emphasizes social ownership and strong government. How We Form Political Opinions ● Ideology plays a role. - Not all issues are clearly defined ideologically. - Most citizens are not especially ideological. - Any issues can be framed in multiple ways. - Or, actually have multiple dimensions that could manifest as liberal or conservative. Americans’ Shifting Ideology 1972-2012 pictured above Partisanship ● Ideology is a belief system. Partisanship is a social identification. ● Democrat (Bill Clinton, Nancy Pelosi, Franklin Roosevelt) - Currently holds presidency ● Republican (George W. Bush, John Boehner, Ronald Reagan) - Currently holds the House and Senate ● Other: Libertarian, Green, Constitution What Does Partisanship Do? (exactly) ● Shapes how you receive and evaluate political information. ● Useful heuristic (shortcut) for evaluating information and candidates. ● Acts as a lens through which political world is viewed. ● If you know someone’s partisanship identification, you can correctly predict their vote choice about 90% of the time. ● Partisanship is the ​single most reliable​ predictor of one’s vote choice. Independents ● About 35% of Americans identify as independents - Do you lean toward the Democratic or Republican parties? - ⅔ of Independents say they are closer to the Democratic or Republican parties ● Very few (about 8%) people are “ truly” independent Political Values ● Political socialization: the process through which underlying political beliefs and values are formed ● There are agents of socialization” : social institutions, including families and schools, that help to shape individuals’ basic political beliefs and values. ● Our underlying beliefs tend to shape how we approach new information. Influence on our Political values The two biggest influences we have that help determine which party we stand for are fmaily and social groups.


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