PolS, Week 2
PolS, Week 2 POL S 1
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Mariela Ortiz on Tuesday October 18, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to POL S 1 at University of California Santa Barbara taught by P Digeser in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Political Philosophy in Social Science at University of California Santa Barbara.
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Date Created: 10/18/16
The Argument of Euthyphro Higher law position What is piety? Euthyphro: “What is dear to the gods is pious and what is not dear is impious” Problem because the gods each held different values, what is dear to one might not be dear to others May still be an issue if the gods agree on what is important Is the pious loved by the gods because it is pious, or is it pious because it is loved? What is piety? Just loved at the gods discretion? Function of their love Or is there a standard higher than that of the gods? Was the pious already pious before they loved it? Piety is connected to justice A kind of commerce between humans and the gods Euthyphro: We should give to the gods what is gratifying to them Piety is defined by what the gods love Socrates: willing to entertain the possibility that the gods love something because it is pious Does he challenge the very basis of Athenian society? Reaffirm basic Athenian legal and religious norms? Athenian Legal System No state prosecutor Charges were usually pressed by family Accusers present their case Defendant offers a defense Jury of 501 citizens votes Found innocent Found guilty Each party proposes a penalty from which jury would choose Accusers wouldn’t choose a penalty that the jury would deem excessive Charges against Socrates Impiety: does not believe in the gods which Athens holds sacred Corrupting the youth of Athens in terms of where true religion can be found Making the weaker argument the stronger Socrates’ account of the charges Believes that the only reason his trial gained any traction or momentum is because there was so much emotion involved Has incurred the hatred of those who think they are wise Attracted a following amongst the sons of the wealthiest citizens Old slanders describing him as a godless astronomer Spread by Aristophocles People believe he is a sophist Sophist: paid teacher of philosophy and rhetoric He has refused to do injustice. When the majority act unjustly, it is impossibe to withstand their force Most will act unjustly out of ignorance
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