Ethics book 1 annotation
Ethics book 1 annotation 33000
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sarah Collie on Tuesday October 18, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 33000 at Lewis University taught by Dr. Miller in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 2 views. For similar materials see Ethics in Philosophical / Religious / Ethical Perspectives at Lewis University.
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Date Created: 10/18/16
Sarah Collie Dr. Miller 9am Ethics 2 September 2016 Your Children Aren’t Going to College Annotations 1. Phantom: an appearance or illusion w/o material substance; mirage or optical illusion 2. Romanticizing: sugar coating, glamorizing, or embellishing 3. He is asking, “What kind of values are at the core of values in this time and in this place?” In other words, what is the estimated value or worth that we are going to get out of college in this day and age. I think that college is now teaching us how to be an adult, survive in this harsh world and become more educated on a particular subject. 4. Axiology: is the philosophical study of values, but also those of ethics, aesthetics (beautiful, ugly, fine arts, etc.), or religion 5. We as humans do see one thing as better or more valuable than another, but we hate or dislike the other things. The lesser thing won’t kill us, but we prefer something more valued. Also everyone values things different based on who they are, how they were raised, what they like to do, etc. I would say it is impossible to rank/rate values since it changes for every person. 6. We have been making choices since we were born and choices have defined our past. The choices of others have shaped our world and dictated who we are today. 7. We don’t always make our preferences based off value. We often choose based off emotion or what makes up happy or feel comfortable. This is what we did when we were babies and didn’t know what values were. 8. I do not think that every person has to have shared values with you, for you to like them. If someone had 100% opposite values as me, but a female, I would probably still like them to some degree since we are both females. Could a value be considered gender, race or sexual orientation? 9. Constitute: consist of, including, form, make up 10. This statement is very true, last resorts are not generally positive things. Normally it’s the very worst in a long list of worst things. 11. Last resorts have become first responses because we live in a fucked up world. People are quick to anger and quick to use violence. All the while our government can’t figure out how to fix it and what they do just makes it worse. 12. Impetuousness: moving with great force, violent; sudden or rash action, emotion, etc. 13. JudeoChristian morality: stresses human equality before God and the Law rather than economic equality government mandate. 14. Proximate: nearest; close; very near 15. I agree with Dr. Miller on this one. Fear changes our values. It changes our outlook, ideas, views, attitudes, etc and thus last resorts start to look like first responses in our minds. 16. Miximization: to increase to the greatest possible amount or degree 17. The Matter, Forme and Power of a Common Wealth Ecclesiasticall and Civil, commonly referred to as Leviathan, is a book written by Thomas Hobbes and published in 1651. The book is about the structure of society and legitimate government. 18. Page 13. Black cloud. The idea of black clouds has a very bleak and dooms day esque feeling to it. I believe this is an allusion to our society today. We are currently living under a black cloud. All you hear about is people killing other people or people getting hurt. It’s always bad news or something bad keeps happening. We can’t escape from the black cloud; it hangs over our world. 19. Armageddon: the place where the final battle will be fought between the forces of good and evil; the last and completely destructive battle; any great and crucial conflict 20. Page 13. Triggerhappy society. This is an allusion to the events in our world in the past few years especially concerning guns. Mass shootings and people going on rampages with guns have become the norm in our daily life. People are trigger happy with guns. 21. Of course it is going to be fearful people who are pulling the trigger. A happy person is one who is content with their life. They have no reason to be thinking about hurting other people. That idea isn’t even in their head. 22. Reactionaries: a reactionary(pertaining to, marked by, or favoring reaction, especially extreme conservatism or rightism in politics) person 23. Kneejerk: reacting according to a certain habitual manner; an uncharacteristic move; very quick, without thinking 24. Fetishization: an extreme fixation 25. Murder has never been legal. Now any one could say they felt threatened or attacked and get away with murder. This is a huge loop hole and one that cannot be allowed. If there is a possible avenue of escape, even just one option, and it isn’t taken, the crime should be seen as a murder. Not as an escape route. Murder should not be the escape route. 26. Militarization: to equip with armed forces, military supplies, or the like (to equip our nation with military powers) 27. Guns should not be the only way for our society to maintain. It shouldn’t even be the society’s job. It should be the governments job. They should be the ones protecting us even with the second amendment in place. If the government did a better job of protecting us and making us feel protected from some of our own people, then societies wouldn’t feel the need to protect themselves. When people start doing their own thing is where we get into trouble. 28. Hysterias: uncontrollable outburst of emotion or fear 29. Impracticality: lacking sense 30. I agree. A wall only shows fear. In the past, building a wall has always demonstrated fear. Someone was afraid one group would get too powerful so they limited them. This wall would not stand for our American values. 31. Page 19. Fear brings darkness to the world…over long period of time...makes life unbearable. This is referring to the period of time in our history where we as people suffered greatly. Such as, the Civil War, World War 1, World War 2, the Great Depression, Interment camps, the Vietnam War, 9/11 and so on. 32. Our last resort isn’t fate. Fate is something that just happens. We cannot choose or control fate. We can always choose our last resort. It’s usually always something that had been in the back of our mind. It can’t just happen, we decided to make our last resort happen. 33. It’s true, humans hate thinking we have no control over our lives. But the truth is, we really don’t. We think we have a free choice but in reality we don’t. Everything has been picked for us, then we are given a choice from those already picked things. 34. “It is what it is,” doesn’t mean it can’t be changed. We can always change before it gets to that point. There is always another choice. We just use those words as an excuse to give up and not try any harder. 35. Fatalists: the acceptance of all things and events as inevitable; submission to fate 36. Rendezvous: an agreement between two or more persons to meet at a certain time and place; a place designated for a meeting or assembling 37. Minimal: barely adequate or the least possible 38. Immortal: perpetual; lasting; constant; everlasting 39. Browbeaten: to intimidate by overbearing looks or words; bully 40. This is true. It does become what we want it to become. We can either work hard to make it what we want or we give up and then it’s not what we wanted. We have sole responsibility of the outcome. 41. I agree, happiness is not a possession. It is something earned, something found, something that cannot be bought by money. Happiness is found through you and you only. 42. Page 23. I believe what Dr. Miller is alluding to in this sentence is our culture today. This is especially true for the American culture. We base our happiness and our success off money and material objects. People didn’t used to be like this. But now the more money and the more stuff you have, even it is meaningless, is supposed to make you happier. But, some people find themselves more miserable the more they have. Happiness is what you make it, it’s an emotion, it’s a state of mind. Objects can’t buy happiness like most people think it can. 43. Aristotle: a famous Greek philosopher and scientist 44. Eudamonia: a Greek word commonly translated as happiness or welfare; however, "human flourishing" has been proposed as a more accurate translation. 45. Flourisher: to thrive; prosper 46. This can be seen throughout history. Whoever flourishes is very successful and happy. 47. Medium: influences; environment; a middle state or condition 48. Wishywashy: lacking in decisiveness; without strength or character; irresolute 49. Velleity: volition (will or decision) in its weakest form; a mere wish, unaccompanied by an effort to obtain it 50. This idea is going to be very hard for humans to grasp. They must be taught or come to the realization that meaning is their medium and the way to live their life. 51. Versatile: capable of or adapted for turning easily from one to another of various tasks 52. Infrastructure: the basic, underlying framework or features of a system or organization 53. Dysfunctional: not performing normally, behaving or acting outside social norms 54. Cope: to face and deal with responsibilities, problems, or difficulties 55. Page 28. I think that in talking about finding the master key to your life, Dr. Miller is alluding to DJ Khaled. He is constantly talking about the key to success is this or that. You must find your own key to success. 56. Pluralistically: a theory that there is more than one basic substance or principle 57. Fruitlessly: useless; unproductive; without results or success 58. Page 29. I think that Dr. Miller is alluding to the governments control of its people. We are those people. The government has everyone on a leash and scared shitless. We do what they tell us to do. If they throw a bone, we will go fetch it. 59. Litmus test: the use of litmus paper or solution to test the acidity or alkalinity of a solution 60. Objectification: to present as an object, especially of sight, touch, or other physical sense; externalize 61. Dehumanization: to deprive of human qualities or attributes; divest of individuality 62. Immanuel Kant: a German philosopher who is considered the central figure of modern philosophy 63. Vernacular: literary works; native or indigenous language 64. Carl Rogers: an American psychologist and among the founders of the humanistic approach to psychology. 65. I agree. We have become trifle single minded people. We have been taught to think and act one way. We have become narrow minded and are controlled by a higher person. Doing this deprives us of our human nature and life. 66. Multidimensionality: of or involving several dimensions or aspects. 67. Monodimensionality: one dimension or aspect 68. John Stuart Mill: an English philosopher, political economist, feminist, and civil servant. One of the most influential thinkers in the history of liberalism, he contributed widely to social theory, political theory and political economy 69. Vulgarities: the state or quality of being vulgar(indecent; obscene; lewd) 70. Comedy Central: a cable television channel about comedy 71. I agree. I think this is why people are so cold and mean. Those people can’t figure out how to be happy and live. So they take their anger and frustration out on others who can. These people are bullies. They are jealous of the people who are getting it right. 72. Cosmos: the world or universe regarded as an orderly, harmonious system. 73. Dubious: doubtful; questionable 74. We cannot truly know ourselves unless we understand what our medium is. We cannot have wisdom or happiness until we found our medium. Finding our medium is hard but it is worth it. It shows us how to live. 75. Overpracticality: not practical or useful 76. Kant: Repeat, see number 62. Got confused with just the last name. 77. Impersonal: not personal; without reference or connection to a particular person; devoid of human character or traits 78. Thous: used to denote the person or thing addressed): 79. Martin Buber: an Austrianborn Israeli Jewish philosopher best known for his philosophy of dialogue, a form of existentialism centered on the distinction between the I–Thou relationship and the I–It relationship 80. Conceivable: capable of being conceived; imaginable 81. Idiosyncratic: pertaining to the nature of idiosyncrasy(a characteristic, habit, mannerism, or the like, that is peculiar), or something peculiar to an individual 82. I agree. If you have fear, then you cannot understand. Fear clouds our mind and hardens the soul. You cannot think or begin to understand if you are fearful. 83. Personhood: the state or fact of being an individual or having human characteristics and feelings 84. Taboo: proscribed by society as improper or unacceptable 85. Onanism: withdrawal of the penis in sexual intercourse so that ejaculation takes place outside the vagina; coitus interruptus 86. Endowed: to provide with a permanent fund or source of income: 87. Propaganda: information, ideas, or rumors deliberately spread widely to help or harm a person, group, movement, institution, nation, etc 88. Lackeys: a servile follower 89. I agree. There are many subjects and idea that we as a society shy away from. It’s wrong. These are the subjects that need to be talked about and that need to resolved. Things like rape, racism, abortion, guns, sexuality, etc. The list goes on and on. Because of the “implicit gag rule” we don’t talk about them and shun people who do. 90. Watergate: Watergate was a major political scandal that occurred in the United States in the 1970s, following a breakin at the Democratic National Committee (DNC) headquarters at the Watergate office complex in Washington, D.C. and President Richard Nixon's administration's attempted coverup of its involvement. 91. JFK’s Assassination: assassinated November 22, 1963, Dallas, TX 92. Situated: located; placed 93. Manifestly: readily perceived by the eye or the understanding; evident; obvious; apparent; plain 94. Marginalized: to place in a position of marginal importance, influence, or power 95. Bereft: past tense; deprived 96. Hoses used against AfricanAmericans in Birmingham during the Civil Rights Movement was a defining part of our nation’s history. 97. The Supreme Court: the highest federal court of the United States. Established pursuant tothrticle III of the United States Constitution in 1789 98. 14 Amendment: was ratified on July 9, 1868, and granted citizenship to “all persons born or naturalized in the United States,” which included former slaves recently freed. 99. First Amendment: freedom of speech, religion and right to gather 100. Corporations rule us. By giving them the same rights as the people we made them one of us, although they are very superior to us. They own us and everything in our world. It’s not right. We have allowed them to make us objects in their “game” of life. 101. Overlords: a person of great influence, authority, power, or the like 102. Pitiable: evoking or deserving contemptuous pity; miserable; contemptible 103. Totem Pole: a hierarchical system 104. Insulation: padding; protection 105. I agree. God is not dead. God is the corporations in our world. The big business play God. They control the people and everything. They know they are God and some of us know it too. But the gave them too much power and we can’t ever get it back. 106. Marginalize: to place in a position of marginal importance, influence, or power 107. Autonomy: independence or freedom, as of the will or one's actions: 108. Abdicating: to give up or renounce (authority, duties, an office, etc.), especially in a voluntary, public, or formal manner 109. Page 52. Dr. Miller is alluding to the movie theater shooting in Aurora, Colorado when he speaks about being armed in a theater and using said weapons if someone started shooting. Who knows if the shooting could have been lessened if someone had been armed, but we can’t change the fact that the man was mentally unstable. We need to be using prevention methods to stop all of this stuff from happening in the first place. Then we wouldn’t need to question whether or not we should always be armed.