Built to Win and Sugarball Ch 1-3
Built to Win and Sugarball Ch 1-3 anth 0710
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This 9 page Class Notes was uploaded by Bree Scalzo on Friday April 3, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to anth 0710 at University of Pittsburgh taught by Dr. Yearwood in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 103 views. For similar materials see Anthropology of Sports in anthropology, evolution, sphr at University of Pittsburgh.
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Date Created: 04/03/15
Built to Win Chapter 4 Bodies Babes amp WNBA Masculinity vs Femininity o Overemphasis on femininity vs female masculinity Babe factor in female athlete representation Over sexualization Pornographic Heterosexual imagery Images become reality Epitome of the female athlete They embody a norm about what beauty is even if they are not successful in their sport Others who win a lot are not portrayed Why May not be as beautiful quotOverexposurequot of female Athletes 0 Media is always bad OOOO Capitalistic Patriarchal Not dykes 0 Media can be manipulated We decide what is depicted Worked for their bodies 0 Say it s a display of their power and capabilities Get to be both 0 Female athletes get to exhibit masculinity and femininity Power and beauty Strength and sexuality 0 Demonstrate both at the same time and its okay right 0 Skilled athlete or sexualized object o Context of the image 0 Nudity Power and beauty or sexual access 0 Equality of the image 0 Fewer sexualized image of male athletes o Positioning of subject Vulnerable vs authority Athletic body ideal over model body 0 We are in a society that is male focused so maybe there may not be a chance for women 0 How you read and make sense of a pic is based on what you bring to it form previous exposureexperience Male objecti cation 0 Male femininity o Males bodies now more likely to be presented for consumption by women and gay men 0 Media no longer fully dominated by white heterosexual male desWe 0 Female bodies can exhibit achievement and powertype of masculinization 0 Why pose for the picture 0 Are women na39ive Manipulated Fully aware of the power of sexuality Financial necessity Brings attention to the sport Name recognition 0 Both subject and object 0 Salaries o Brittney Griner 49400 with Mercury in 2013 600000 with Zhejiang Golden Bulls China 0 NBA rookie salary Draft Pick 146 million 30900000 bad bro Brittney needs endorsements and other ways of making money because the WNBA does not provide enough for her 90 year difference 0000 0 It s My body 0 lshapedit o I made it o lam a person of value 0 What about cultural fetishization of female body 0 Connected and disassociated from body 0 Transcend cultural labels 0 Different codesregisters 0 Sport one of the few areas of life to accomplish this Because it s a women s body it is still devalued Voice against women s masculinity is still there Videos 325 0 Ann Wolf and Taylor are women who are in very masculine sports Taylor changes throughout the years to showcase her femininity because she feels she has to show everyone that she isn t a man 0 Ann Wolf shows that she is a tough ass woman 0 What would it take for a woman to be a head coach Even if she has the same resume as a male still looked down upon Built to Win Heywood and Dworkin 0 Birth of the Female Athlete 0 Ideal body shapes Impacted by state of gender relations 0 Female athlete as a body image o Is sport a savior of women and their troubles Can sport encourage women to be healthier better more 0 1996 Year of the women Athlete 0 Atlanta Olympics Softball gold vs gymnastics demonstration We start to see women as athletes First Olympics where softball was player 0 On tv showed gymnastics demonstration instead of the softball gold medal championships where US won WHY 0 Who is involved what they wear the closeness to a male sport that softball is 0 Can women succeed too much Matrina Navritalova or Serena and Venus Williams 0 Corporate capitalization of women as consumers Nike and other companies recognize feminism and showed commercials about girls or are they saying wow money from girls now lets make commercials about them to get them to buy our stuff 0 Female Consumption 0 At what expense Feminist privileges Consumed and became quotmodernquot individual women at expense of sweatshop women making their Nike shoes 0 Do these images challenge or uphold standards 0 Standards of sport Athlete as hero Sacri ce all to win Physically dominant Perform like a machine Valued only for athletic capability o Are these things we should be striving for or should we be challenging some of these standards 0 Who is the female athlete o ldealize bodies o Is it still feminine o Is it still sexualizes Desire to have to demonstrate femininity so society can still see them as female and not masculine because of their masculinity and strong 0 Female athletes and Feminism 0 Must the female athlete be a feminist o What does it mean to be a feminist 0 Have we come a long way lslamic women participating in Olympic gamesoriginally not allowed to participate but growing popularity Still have to be covered though and people critic that o What is the agenda 0 Individual choice 0 Determination o Upward mobility Chance to go to college for free with scholarships 0 Sport is good 0 Does Sport transform people 0 Transform the potential athlete Shyself con dent Withdrawnassertive Hesitantdecisive 0 Sport is the great equalizer o Overcome all of ones fears and inadequacies Screaming and yelling at an athlete to get them motivated Does it work Jk nah 0 Be like Mike 0 Ba a man to be accepted 0 What about other ways to bring about equality Poor Uneducated Control over one s body How does Title IX help if you don t go to college 0 Doesn t matter if you go to high school and cant get the same privileges Sports facility workers Sugarball Alan Klein 0 Dominican Republic History 0 Part of island Hispaniola o 30 unemployed 50 underemployed 0 Country of lsts and Lasts 1st city Santo Domingo 1496 1st Cathedral 1523 Lowest income per capita at time of book Lowest literacy at time of book Lowest life expectancy at time of book 0 History cont 0 History of calamity Natural and manmade Hurricanes and earthquakes Political and economic upheaval 0 Introduction of sugar cane 1505 Massive imports of enslaved Africans Need skilled labor and sophisticated machinery 0 Long history of tension between Haiti and DR Start because of colonization and now bc of race and other 0 USA amp the 3rd World 0 Political economic military presence 0 Few economic options available to men in DR 0 DR produced more players proportionately than any other country in the world Why 0 MLB operated like other major corporations in DR Parallel to sugar cane factory corporations Who gets consumed DR Baseball success 0 Baseball only arena able to dominate the USA Foster national pride Holds off foreign in uence Does DR baseball change under American in uence 0 US Origins in DR 0 US becomes most in uential foreign power by 1900 Attempt to dominate sugar industry Controlled railroad and port facilities DR government indebted to American companies American companies exempt from taxation Local population bears burden to taxation Farmers lose land and move urban centers American companies buy land and plant more sugar cane 0 Free tradeno taxation on goods So local farmers cannot compete with companies 0 American involvement in politics 0 Contributed to political instability 0 DR becomes over dependent on sugar production 0 History of baseball in DR microcosm of DRUSA relations 0 AG Spaulding quotbaseball should follow the agquot Japan and Cuba Symbol of American cultural superiority into those spaces SugarBaH 0 History of Baseball in DR o 18911920 First introduced by Cubans Americans introduced baseball to Cuba in 18605 through military bases Semhmptemns Beginning of interCaribbean play Beisbol Rentada o 19211937 Increased professionalism DR regular stop for touring teams DR players play for foreign teams Government and business support 0 DR amp Negro Leagues o 1937 Season In ux of foreign players Satchel Paige Josh Gibson Impacts Negro league teams in US negatively Overspending in recruit foreign players Hurts DR baseball for years 0 Winning becomes really important 0 At lot at stake for the country if you play wellbad Cane Ball 0 19381950 Era of Decline Less professional play Amateur play continues 0 Sugar re nery workers 0 Strong community support Intense competition between teamscommunities Beisbol Romantico o 19511954 values of passion and play re ected style of game 0 Era of maturation 0 19551980 DR reorganizes baseball in response to MLB Changes season summerwinter Players shared between north America and DR 0 MLB dictates terms No longer a competitor for MLB US embargo on Cuba cuts off players DR is source of cheap labor 0 Free Agency era 0 1980present 4000 vs 150000 Pesos vs dollars for domestic play DR owners take advantage of players nationalist sentiment More DR player choosing to play in the US 0 Diminishes talent pool playing in DR Scouting o Unethical practices Lying to prospects and families Keeping money Sequesteringhiding players Academies 00000 0 Full time facilities Colonial outposts Subsidiaries of parent company Raw materialljre nedljshipped abroad Redirects youth away from other pursuits School education other work etc 7x salary of sugarcane worker SugarBall 3 Scouts o Reliabilityethics of scouts quothelp outquot family members quotwe ll take care of himquot 0 First time prospects sleep in a bed with sheets Assessment of the recruit 0 Tools speed arm strength hitting 0 Body 0 Bat speed mechanics bodily dimensions The Recruit 0 7475 mphgo home 0 7869mphcontact 0 Contract 4000 700month for 6 months Room and board Problems 0 Managing money Waste on super cial items Give directly to familyhome repairs medical bills essentials The Academy and Discipline 0 Home environment vs academy environment Low income kids Middle class kids 0 3 make it to the professional ranks o What are they prepared for Social and psychological stress How to play baseball Response to academy Recruit willing to be changed Organization capable of changing athlete Learning to follow a routine Coaching and coachability What happens when they leave for the US Willing to sacri ce and give up everything Come to US and isn t what they expected don t go to 00000
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