UGC112_Notes from 3/26, 3/31 & 4/2
UGC112_Notes from 3/26, 3/31 & 4/2 UGC 112 - Timothy Boyd
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UGC 112 - Timothy Boyd
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Bella on Friday April 3, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to UGC 112 - Timothy Boyd at University at Buffalo taught by Gabriella in Winter2015. Since its upload, it has received 139 views.
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Date Created: 04/03/15
O 09 O 09 UGC 112 2 Revolutions gt Industrial Revolution comes from Agricultural Revolution Louis XIV caused an end of trouble w his views on European conquest gt A series of wars from 1660s to the early 18th C gt The last war 17001713 involved I England I Netherlands I Denmark I Austria I Various German states I Northern Italy I Spain Netherlands much reclaimed from sea over many centuries Dikes dams earth wood stone to hold out water sluices channels w gates to help drain the land along with early wind mills Salty at first move to build it up Crop rotation system and manuring to produce more fertile soil and more growth English diplomat Charles Townshend turnip Tried using Dutch methods in native England Very successful 9 others wanted to follow Lucky in living on coast others had to look elsewhere for free land Much of England leftover from the middle ages had common land Local lords began to use parliament to steal this 9 Enclosure Acts I To the north in Scotland we get highland clearances more land not only crops but sheep England from the Middle ages big woolproducing region I Then came Britain s rise to world commercial power post 1750s I 1750s 7year war demand for English goods and ability to supply them became new concern VVVVV Problem supply vs demand as more English Cloth is wanted how to supply 5 spinsters spinners per loom How to increase spinning 1760 s Iames Hargraves spinning jennyquot Richard Arkwright produces more and more sophisticated machines to produce tread BUT if one machine can do the work of 24 spinsters 99 Ntquot If you can harness water power for graingrinding why not for driving 1 Thread machines 2 Looms But what about the seasonal nature of waterpower gt Dry spells gt Winter freezes gt Is there another way to power these new machines Deforestation surprisingly brought an answer gt Coal mines in England needed pumping I 1St horse power 9 then steam Iames Watt which can be applied to thread and cloth making from water mills driven by water to steam Steam will change time gt Steam engines gt Steam ships gt Will change geography and the modern world will begin 4215 Industrial Revolution Part 2 5 spinsters for every loom to make thread for cloth When machinery can produce thread much more amp much faster what happens to the spinsters When water steampowered looms can produce more cloth more quickly what happens to weavers Only a few workers needed to supervise whole oors of looms Enclosure had driven farmers off the land industrial rev drove off spinsters and weavers where will they go Some emigrated to colonies in America many went to work in mills or factories While oldfashioned money comes from landowners amp its biggest land owners The House of Lords these new factory owners amp investors industrialists enter house of commons some become so rich they move on to house of lords Imagine coming from the country clean air sunlight life by the sun seasons healthy food grown yourself But contrast factories year round pollution in air amp water small expensive living spaces food well from a shop low pay 6 days a week 1214 hour days no sick leave no vacation no pension Disease especially communicable respiratory especially very common Add industrial dangers In the 18305 some English liberals those who wish good change but not destruction of systems reports to parliament bound in blue paper Blue Booksquot caused laws to be made 1833 Factories Act 1842 Mines Act Acts commonly had to do w women and children very mild protection How beyond blue books and acts of parliament to change this 1799 Combinations acts forbade union act withdrawn 1824 SO labor organizing done but against government opposition and local government Violence 1819 Peterloo
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