Week 12 ANTH 1002
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by firstname.lastname@example.org Notetaker on Saturday April 4, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ANTH 1002 at George Washington University taught by Sarah Wagner in Winter2015. Since its upload, it has received 109 views. For similar materials see Social Anthropology in anthropology, evolution, sphr at George Washington University.
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Date Created: 04/04/15
Week 12 Faith belief science 0 Cultural scientific economic crisis in New England 0 Boggles lines and faith Tanya Luhrmann s NYT op ed 0 Malinowski on science and belief an example of clashing epistemologies creationism versus evolution 0 An example of scientific leaps of faith Higgs boson experiment Boggle threshold 0 the leave above which the mind boggles when faced with some new fact or report or ideaquot9 definition What is faith What makes it real 0 we all have these boggle lines Praying in an ancient language you don t understand is fine praying in tongues not a human language but thought to be a spiritual one anathema A god who has a human son whom he allows to be killed is natural a god with eight arms and a lusty sexual appetite is weirdquot Tanya Lurhmann I there is a leap of faith between science and common knowledge But I think that the boggle line also tells something about belief o What does Tanya argue the boggle threshold can tell us I Beliefs in faith that makes sense but the boggle line is not logical yet is continual and the more we embrace and accept that becomes common sense and draws a line that which you believe and that which you reject 0 When we draw a line between the plausible and the ridiculous our boggle line I think we become more confident about the beliefs on the plausible side of the linequot 0 FAITH asks people to consider that the evidence of their sense is wrong In various ways and in varying degrees faith asks that people believe that their minds are not always private that persons are not always visible that unseen presences should alter your emotions and direct your behavior that reality is a good and justice triumphant These are fantastic claims and the fact of their improbability is not lost on those who accept themquot Luhrmann Malinowski start out his little book on Magic Science and Religion by asserting o In every primitive community studied by trustworthy and competent observers there have been found two clearly distinguishable domains the Sacred and the Profane in other others the domain of Magic and Religion and that of Sciencequot I magic and religion makes the sacred and science makes the profane So called primitive people wouldn t come up with everyday practices of hunting or agriculture without careful observation of natural process and a firm belief in its regularity without the power of reasoning and without confidence in the power of reason that is without the rudiments of sciencequotp 1 But Malinoswki goes on to ask Can this primitive knowledge be regarded as a rudimentary form of science or is it on the contrary radically different a crude empire a body of practical and technical abilities rules of thumb and rules of art having no theoretical valuequot page 10 O Passage from page 67 To answer question about primitive culture s observation is in fact science I Science even as represented by the primitive knowledge of savage man is based on the normal universal experience of everyday life experience won in man s struggle with nature for his substance and safety founded on observation fixed by reason I Magic is based on specific experience of emotional states in which man observers not nature but himself in which the truth is revealed not by reason but page 67 I the theories of knowledge are dictated by logic those of magic by the association of ideas under the in uence of desire As a matter of empirical fact the body of rational knowledge and the body of magical lore are incorporated each different tradition and different social setting and in a different type of activity and all these differences are clearly Page 67 Remember epistemology And its two key elements 0 Authority I What constitutes legitimate knowledge What is the truth Process I How do people gain knowledge The debate between creationism and evolution represent a clash of epistemological understanding about the earth its origin and lifeforms The scopes trial 0 Formally known as the state of Tennesee v John Thomas Scopes or the scopes quotmonkeyquot trial in July 1925 I William Jennings Byran on evolution strung togetherquot I Clarence Darrow on the Genesis story Fools ideas that no intelligent Christian on earth believesquot The scopes trial was the first time the bible was ridiculed by the media in America and that was a downward turning point for Christendom We are going to undo all of that here at the Creation Museum We are going to answer the question Bryan wasn t prepared to and show that belief in every word of the bible can be defended by modern sciencequot italics added H H Million of guesses 0 Ken Ham CEO of answers in Genesis which built KY museum saloncom Friday s class Glossary abayah purdah sex versus gender Fernea s Guest of the Sheif part i 0 Background on our author Elizabeth Warnock Fernea o Entering the field the choicenecessity of the abaya 0 El Nahra s social and spatial organization 0 Pilgrimage to Karbala film Paper 2 Ideas of space fixed Liminal space 9 sacred and profane imagined concrete open closed etc 0 Include in your discussion of Guests of the Sheik an analysis of two examples of belief system eg scientific religious and anthropology indigenous western that shape understandings of social organizations and belongings map into space 0 Your essay must also incorporate two other texts form our course readings one from part IV and other you can chose Elizabeth Warnock Fernea 19272008 0 She authored several books among them I Guests of the sheik I A view of the Nile I A street in Marrakech I Middle Eastern Women Speak I Women and family in the middle East Abayah the long black cloak worn traditionally by Iraqi women 0 Page 6 Since we were guests of the sheik he added it would make everything easier if I wore the abayahquot o Purdah an Indian term generally meaning the seclusion of women in separate quarters I Relationship between them the Abayah is a visual representation of the purdah The abayah is the portable version of purdah the manifestation of the purdah It can be enacted in manifestations when women have to leave the seclusion of their home 0 How does her orientation and sensibility shift with time Across the canal form the tribal settlement of the mubrick houses lay the village itself more mudbrick houses shops a small covered bazaar and a mosque distinguished by only a small mosaic There is no god but Allah nad Mohammed is his Porphetquot p49 o How are systems of belief and social order tied to space How do beliefs systems shape understanding of social organization belongings
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