SOC 204 Week 1 Lecture Notes
SOC 204 Week 1 Lecture Notes SOC 204
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Scott Morrison on Sunday April 5, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 204 at University of Oregon taught by Dr. C.J. Pascoe in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 320 views. For similar materials see Intro Sociology in Social Science at University of Oregon.
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Date Created: 04/05/15
SOC 204 Dr CJ Pascoe Week 1 Lecture Notes by Scott Morrison Readings YMAY CH 01 Key Concepts social institutions social structures Anomie Con ict Theory Functionalism Symbolic Interaction Social Construction Double Consciousness What is Sociology The study of human life groups and societies how societies form how societies change how societies die out how society affects the individual how the individual affects society Sociology is a large umbrellaterm for many different areas of study e g the sociologies of sports of gender etc Individuals are dramatically shaped by the society around them even though we like to think that each person is fully autonomous Sociologies all share a set of methods Surveys Interviews Ethnography Content Analysis Social Institutions A social institution is a complex group of interdependent positions that collectively perform a role in society These roles reproduce themselves over time The existence of a social institution relies on many things changing just one thing like the name does not change the Whole institution to the point Where it is regarded as a fully different institution Many characteristics must be changed in order to do so Social Structures Patterned relationships between institutions social groups and individuals Invisible rulespattems that govern our everyday actions What M es Sociology Different from Other Disciplines Anthropology biologicalarcheological focus the what what did this culture eat Sociology more focused on the why why did this culture eat that History focuses on speci c cases and events Sociology analyzes the nature of society based on speci c cases and events Psychology focuses investigating the mind of the individuals Sociology focuses on the interaction of the individual with society and society with the individual Economics examines human motivation in terms of money assumes all humans are completely rational everyone wants to optimize everyone wants the best deal Sociology takes into account the irrationality of human nature Not everyone is rational and there are reasons why Politics examines power relations state relations legal structure etc Political science is experimental and statistical like sociology but Biography Public Issues History Private Troubles Sociology The Sociological Imagination Aka the sociological lens this is a way of looking at the world in a way that allows us to see the societal reasoning behind our everyday actions In class Pascoe showed us a clip from The Devil Wears Prada in which Anne Hathaway gets grilled by Meryl Streep Hathaway39s character did not autonomously pick a cerulean sweater to wear many events in the history of fashion led to the color cerulean being shown on the runway in high class fashion and eventually in department stores Hathaway did not just pick a sweater many other things happened in the fashion industry that enabled and led her to do so How was the sociological imagination developed Social Physics the original sociology developed by August Comte and Harriet Martineau Comte in a time when God was the reason for everything including social dynamics recognized that society was changing The enlightenment era led to lots of people examining the scienti c reasoning behind the world around them which led Comte to examine the reasoning behind societal change Comte argued that secular morals could exist and that religion would soon fall behind science as the explanation for how the world works Comte wanted to apply the scienti c method to the social world he called this way of thinking positivism Martineau a journalist was the rst to translate Comte into English this brought the new ideas of sociology to Englishspeaking countries Social Physics gt Con ict Theory Functionalism and Interpretive Theory After Comte the eld of sociology evolved into these three groups Con ict Theory Karl Marx Marx called sociology historical materialism Marx believed that social change was driven by economic inequality it resulted from periodic uprisings of the poor proletariat against the rich bourgeoisie He believed that personal values did not matter in history only economic turmoil would bring social change History is the con ict of rich vs poor Marx believed that religion politics etc were part of society39s superstructure this superstructure was designed by the bourgeoisie to bene t the bourgeoisie and it could be changed only by revolution Functionalism Emile Durkheim The polar opposite of con ict theory functionalism is the idea that everyone in society must play their role whether rich or poor and that if these roles are not being played society cannot function People in highstatus jobs are there because they had to compete to get there this competition results in only the most quali ed people holding highstatus positions Functionalism centers around how people of different social statuses work together to create a functioning society Functioning societies according to Durkheim cannot be made without inherent inequality contrary to what Marx wanted there will always be rich and there will always be poor Inequality is an inherent part of society Interpretive Theory Max Weber Weber criticized Marx for overlooking personal values in the study of sociology Personal values are what create culture a culture is a group of people who share the same personal values The economy material and who possesses the material is not as important as the meanings of that material Durkheim also introduced the concept of Anomie He argued that suicide has social factors along with personal he argued that separation from society causes suicide Anomie refers to the outofplace feeling that one experiences when drastic sudden changes to one39s environment are made these drastic changes are the cause of suicide The Chicago School The first American sociology hub the Chicago School attracted many great thinkers to teach and research the methods of sociology Among the thinkers present were WEB DuBois Jane Addams Charles Horton Cooley and George Herbert Mead DuBois Double Consciousness not yet covered in class Addams did tremendous research work for the Chicago School with poor people community studies Not given much credit due to her gender Cooley Mead the social self not yet covered Symbolic Interactionism From the Chicago School arose symbolic interactionism the idea that people behave based on what others deem to be true Meanings and de nitions are created through interactions between individuals