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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Maddie Franciskovich on Tuesday April 7, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SOC-S100 at Indiana University taught by Peter Lista in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 110 views. For similar materials see SOC-S100 in Sociology at Indiana University.
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Date Created: 04/07/15
Week 9 Lecture Race and Ethnicity 32415 325 PM I RACE A Defining race the distinct ethicalculturalphysical feature in which we categorize groups or people my definition B Sociologists think of race through a constructionist perspective We think about race in terms of socially constructed groups defined in large part by history 1 essential a Differences in human physical characteristics used to categorized large numbers of individuals a A system for classifying people who are believed to share common descent based on perceived physical similarities i How are these definitions different What makes the second one constructionist 0 We create it race wouldn t exist if we did not create it or agree it exists C 0 II ETHNICITY A cultural values and norms that distinguish the members of a given group from others 1 Relies on the cultural and historical similarities bw people to group of individuals B Changing Definitions 1 US Census a 1790 free white free others slaves b 1860 white black or Mulatto c 1940 wu9te negro Mexican American indian chinese japaneseFiipino Hindu Korean III RACISM 1 you must have a Prejudice or discrimination based on race b Power of social institutions and social structures to support that prejudice or discrimination i RACISM PREJUDICE POWER 2 a Patterns of discrimination based on race that have become a B Institutional Racism Then and Nowres 1 What did racism look like in the 1950s a What were some of the formal and informal mechanisms for discrimination i Formal Segregation in schoolsbathrooms Lynchings ii Informal Violence 0 Keeping communities segregated by sundown towns Redlining redines that were drawn on maps to determine who got loans for mortgages interest rates on loans b In what ways was racism institutionalized i Redlining ii Jim Crow Laws 0 Right to vote 0 Literacy test iii Benefits 0 People of color unable to get government benefits 2 What does racism look like in 2015 a How are they similar i Still discrimination against people of color ii Neighborhoods are still segregated iii Segregation among friend groups iv Legacy of the culture poverty 0 poor people stay poor because they do not put in the effort to better themselves b how are they different i There is less racism today then there was 3 Racism is not something in our nation s past IV Why does this matter A Studies 1 Mark of a Criminal Recordquot Pager 2003 a study of 350 jobs showed that white men with a felony drug conviction are more likely to get a job interview 17 callback rate than black men without a criminal recors 14 callback rate i measured how many people got responses for interviews 0 same educational backgrounds black and white men both with or without criminal record with felony of possession ii found that white men were more likely to get a call back for an interview than black men 0 NOTE even white men who had criminal background got more calls back then black men without criminal record 2 Racial Names Bertrand 2003 a another study showed that job applicants with white names like Emily and Greg are 50 more likely to geta job interview than those with names like Lakisha OR Jamal 3 Depictions of Crime in the Media a The standard assumption that criminals are black and blacks are criminals is so prevalent that in one study 60 percent of viewers who viewed a crime story with no picture of the perpetrator falsely recalled seeing one and of those 70 percent believed he was African American When we think about crime we see black even when it s not present at allquot Bloom 2014 B Who has the advantage 1 Privilege a any advantage available only to a particular person or group of people based on their perceived status 2 White privilege a social economic and political advantages made available to whites solely on the basis of their race 32415 325 PM 32415 325 PM
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