Chapter 10 Vocab
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Bella on Tuesday April 7, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to 101 at University at Buffalo taught by Larry Hawk in Winter2015. Since its upload, it has received 55 views.
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Date Created: 04/07/15
CHAPTER 10 EMOTION AND MOTIVATION Androgens sex hormones that cause many male characteristics such as beard growth and a low voice Basic emotion an innate emotion that is shared by all humans such as surprise happiness anger fear disgust or sadness Bisexual a person who is sexually attracted to members of both sexes Collectivist culture a culture that emphasized that rights and responsibilities of the group over those of the individual Deprived reward reward that occurs when a biological need is met Display rule a culturespecific rule that indicates when to whom and how strongly certain emotions can be shown Drive an internal imbalance that motivates animals including humans to reach a particular goal that will reduce the imbalance Emotion A psychological state with four components 1 a positive or negative subjective experience 2 the activation of specific mental processes and stored information 3 bodily arousal and 4 characteristic overt behavior Estrogens sex hormones that cause many female characteristics such as breast development and the bone structure of the female pelvis Facial feedback hypothesis the idea that emotions arise partly as a result of the positioning of facial muscles Heterosexual a person who is sexually attracted to members of the opposite sex Homeostasis the process of maintaining a steady state in which bodily characteristics and substances are within a certain range Homosexual a person who is sexually attracted to members of the same sex Implicit motive a need or want that unconsciously directs behavior Incentive a stimulus or event that draws animals including humans toward a particular goal in anticipation of a reward Individualist culture a culture that emphasized the right and responsibilities of the individual over those of the group Instinct an inherited tendency to produce organized and unalterable responses to particular stimuli Insulin a hormone that stimulates the storage of food molecules in the form of fat Learned helplessness the condition that occurs after an animal has an aversive experience in which nothing it does can affect what happens to it and so it simply gives up and stops trying to change the situation or to escape Metabolism the sum of the chemical events in each of the body s cells events that convert food molecules to the energy needed for the cells to function Misattribution of arousal the failure to interpret signs of bodily arousal correctly which leads to the experience of emotions that ordinarily would not arise in the particular situation Motivation the set of requirements and desires that lead an animal including a human to behave in a particular way at a particular time and place Need a condition that arises from the lack of a requirement needs give rise to drives Need for achievement nAch the need to reach goals the require skilled performance or competence to be accomplished Nondeprived reward reward that occurs not when a need is being met but rather when a want is being satisfied Polygraph a machine that monitors the activity of the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems particularly changes in skin conductance breathing and heart rate in an attempt to detect lying Set point the particular body weight that is easiest for an animal including a human to maintain Sexual response cycle the stages the body passes through during sexual activity including sexual attracting desire excitement and possibly performance which includes full arousal orgasm and resolution Want a condition that arises when you have an unmet goal that will not fill a requirement wants turn goals into incentives
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