Chapter 12 Vocab
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Bella on Tuesday April 7, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to 101 at University at Buffalo taught by Larry Hawk in Winter2015. Since its upload, it has received 58 views.
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Date Created: 04/07/15
CHAPTER 12 PSYCH OVER THE LIFE SPAN Accommodation in Piaget s theory the process that results in schemas changing as necessary to cope with a broader range of situations Adolescence the period between the onset of puberty and roughly the end of the teenage years Assimilation in Piaget s theory the process that allows the use of existing schemas to take in new sets of stimuli and respond accordingly Attachment an emotional bond that leads a person to want to be with someone else and to miss him or her when separated Bereavement the experience of missing a loved one and longing for his or her company Concrete operation In Piaget s theory a reversible manipulation of the mental representation of an object that corresponds to an actual physical manipulation Conservation the Piagetian principal that certain properties such as amount or mass remain the same even when the appearance of the material or object changes provided that nothing is added or removed Crosssectional study a study in which different groups of people are tested with each group composed of individuals of a particular age Egocentrism In Piaget s theory the inability to take another person s point of view Embryo a developing baby from the point where the major axis of the body is present until all major structures are present spanning from about 2 weeks to 8 weeks after conception Fetus a developing baby during the final phase of development in the womb from about 8 weeks after conception until birth Formal operation in Piaget s theory a mental act that can be performed and reserved even with an abstract concept Gender identity a person s belief that he or she is male or female Gender roles the culturally determined appropriate behaviors of males vs females Grief the emotion of distress that follows the loss of a loved one Longitudinal study a study in which the same group of people is tested repeatedly at different ages Maturation The developmental process that produces genetically programmed changes with increasing age Moral dilemma A situation in which there are moral pros and cons for each set of possible actions Object permanence the understanding that objects including people continue to exist even when they cannot be immediately perceived Private speech the language used by a child in planning or in prompting himself or herself to behave in specific ways also called inner speech Psychosocial development the effects of maturation and learning on personality and relationships Puberty the time when hormones cause the sex organs to mature and secondary sexual characteristics such as breasts for women and a beard for men to appear Selfconcept the beliefs desires values and attributes that define a person to himself or herself Separation anxiety fear of being away from the primary caregiver Schema in Piaget s theory a mental structure that organizes perceptual input and connects it to the appropriate responses Teratogen any external agent such as a chemical virus or type of radiation that can cause damage to the zygote embryo or fetus Theory of mind a theory of other people s mental states their beliefs desires and feelings that allows prediction of what other people can understand and how they will react in a given situation Zygote a fertilized ovum egg
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