Class Notes from April 6 and 8th
Class Notes from April 6 and 8th PSC 2446
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Amanda Rewerts on Thursday April 9, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSC 2446 at George Washington University taught by Elizabeth Saunders in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 91 views. For similar materials see US Foreign Policy in Political Science at George Washington University.
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Date Created: 04/09/15
US FP Class Notes from April 6 and 8th Iranian deal with the US 0 Imposes less sanctions and could makes Iran stronger 0 Good for intelligence we will have much more info 0 Not clear if the Iranians and US s agreed to the same thing Iranian told their people something we didn t agree to 0 Treaty was ambiguous and translations could be bad also June 2008 Humanitarian Interventions 0 Albright said No more humanitarian intervention MYTH 0 But didn t happen in Afghanistan in 2008 0 20102011 Libya was a humanitarian intervention 0 Darfur Sudan was a lengthy crisis 0 Syria lengthy crisis 0 Congo lengthy crisis 0 Zimbabwe went under the radar 0 Somalia was under the radar except for their piracy 0 Combating ISIS 1990s Issues Humanitarian Intervention 0 DefDeploying military forces across border to protect foreign nationals from a man made disaster 0 Politics get in the way of disaster help 0 Burma tsunami wouldn t let aid in 0 More commoncivil war were suffering is occurring 0 If violence is manmade it s hard to keep your people safe 0 Getting your nationals out is different 0 Coldwar era couldn t help anyone unless it directly coordinated to Cold War 0 Greek war for Independence from Ottomans 0 Russians threatened Ottomans by use of Humanitarian aid they claim to help fellow Christians but really Russia had an alternative motive to take down the Ottoman Empire 0 End of Cold War Civil Wars were on the rise 0 Optimism had happened at the end of the Cold War UN wasn t frozen 0 Civil Wars are on the rise since end of the Cold War 0 Hard to end Civil Wars 0 Rose of breakout is higher than ending of Civil wars 0 Only brief spike because USSR broke up 0 25 civil wars going on during 1990 Civil ooopg K 00 000000 CNN effect seeing media of children dying people want to do something really strong causation Only when topofficials get involved it makes it more on TV and pictures 1St Bush administration thought that Somalia would be easy and small because expecting Clinton to do a lot of Humanitarian aid When do the civilizations actually have political will Strategies for humanitarian intervention 0 Didn t want to choose sides but only help by feeding people 0 Bush 41 was a good example of this Advil to problem 0 Clinton s intention was to cure the actual problem war ends by One side has large victory Compromise of peace between people If one side thinks it can win more will gain more from fighting it will not stop Selection effect selected few where grievance is so bad that civil war is only the option Gets tougher as the civil war goes on costs accumulate families die stalemate has to be reached and nothing can by continuing Iraq vs Iran Strategies for Intervention 1 2 sides that are ready to talk PEACEKEEPING I Deterrence I Ch 5 or Volume 55 peacekeepers can use force or 575 will shout back 2 Peace Enforcementone side will keep fighting and you need to help stop the fighting I Compellence I Chapter 7 I By trying not to pick sides you end up picking one side Bosnia trying to help both sides Serbs vs Muslims Somalia plan to be impartial warlords were much powerful US didn t know much about the country and didn t give US enough resources to completely get rid of warlords Famines are manmade people get in the way of a supply lines very political When US would pullout it would go right back to where it was again Benghazi idea of slaughter and decided regime change of Kaddafi but didn t have an idea for an alternative If you want to make peacerisk of combat compellence under ch 7 of the UN charter KEY Violence is manmade Solution must be manmade US wants to use good resources to stop suffering ways of doing this is disagreeable US has the only available resources rather any other state in the world Politicians want the smallest cheapest limited missions don t actually fix problem and the problem could result in a much bigger problem 0 Resources constraint 0 Ask hard questions about plan of peace keeping O The question is why are intervening April 8 Notes Rwanda Making a longterm commitment could not be worth it managing risks resources are limited constraints of Humanitarian interventions A humanitarian surgical strike Impossible always longterm 1994 US pulled out of Bosnia Clinton Admin on FP was a mess and no known strategies were known strategy US Ambassador Author of reading Samantha Obama Admin FP officer on genocide now and has been for a very long time Vietnam is too involved Rwanda no involvement Creeping NonIntervention Movement No such meeting about to do nothing in Rwanda Ternary of small divisions Can we save those in Hotel Rwanda Clinton was busy dealing with Domestic politics Republicans had just taken 0000 Congress Military hates doing humanitarian intervention Pentagon always the last to want to intervene All of this was unintentional No expertise on Africa in Congress Impartiality always ends up being biases Peaceprocess 0 Norm Peace agreement deal with both sides 0 Diplomat talks to both sides 0 Hard for Peace process to let people to die 0 African Bureaucrats Already knew of a lot of similar killings going on in this 000000 area of Arica already so thought no different of this one Needed more information to do something 0 Didn t need to ignore it but needed more info to shock politicians Similar to 0 Vietnam slippery slope 1 day by accident there is too many troops 2nd explanation Conscious Choice explanation Directly tried not to intervene and avoided all costs Don t commit to peacekeeping mission but allusion that they were deeply concerned and many were trying to figure out what to do What did Clinton really know and when did he know it Clinton had access to this info but didn t pay much attention to it Genocide Convention IL Treaty Article 2 it clearly meets these needs State Department never labeled it as Genocide but instead Acts of Genocide was announced Kill peacekeeping so it would be saved US support for other allies were told to be pulled out of Rwanda US FP didn t support UN troops US was scared that another Black Hawk Down Somalia would happen in Rwanda US should weigh costs and benefits and that s a reason why they didn t intervene Peace enforcement was not there as was in Black Hawk Down If you were there for Peacekeeping do peace keeping They achieved objectives in Rwanda do nothing Have to decide to change how you decide US interest In case of US interest Vietnam important In case of US interests Rwanda not important Changing it to be in US interest to save people need to undertake a peacekeeping mission US is the only country or a country needs our backing for any intervention Strict Realist Not in our interests to intervene Should we have paid for this interest AFTER RWANDA 1 Dafur Sudan similar killings large rural population Colin Powell and Bush labeled it as a genocide but nothing was done Compared to Rwanda as a small urban population country R2P Slang not really IL its more an idea Required to Protect Doctrine International community needs to help to protect people Country s used to be able to hide behind sovereignty Under 2005 world Summit Outcome Document says if you don t protect your state people UN board will UN board is still in place Libya R2P was putinforce 0 Susan Rice Clinton and Obama Admin for FF Libya questionable genocide more like civil war High level politics Limited and Partial intervention Libya very close to French No one likes Kaddafi ICC gives jail or sometimes they offer them a free Caribbean island to spent the rest of their life Ability to stop Kaddafi with no troops on the ground Is R2P the driving factor of the Libya Con ict l minority Who will take after Assad Who is the alternative Complicated web with Middle East connections Iran Sophisticated air force Difficult to separate realist and idealist ideas Hard to disentangle Iraq was it R2P Saddam killed lots of people Sovereignty argument what happens inside your borders is your business Manmade problems and civil wars hard to solve and no easy solutions Is Libya about Kaddafi Arab Spring or R2P
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