Butler 10 ANTH 380
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Charlotte Miller on Friday April 10, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ANTH 380 at University of Washington taught by Dr. Sareeta Amrute in . Since its upload, it has received 74 views. For similar materials see Intro to Social Theory in anthropology, evolution, sphr at University of Washington.
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Date Created: 04/10/15
Butler 10112014 Overview Burn chartonly 5 determines your gender Intersexuals as outcasts as do not t in binary of malefemaleinhuman not worthy of life abject They need to be 39sexed surgery to become femalemale Performativity repeated over time grounds future moments To be human is to be male or female What is it Is quotitquot female or male Become a human when you are named as a gendered and sexed being Despite binaries identities are more uid Where do uid identities go once we have been 39sexed classi ed quotgirledquotquotboyedquot at birth and throughout your whole life eg clothes you wear toys behaviours sex education division of labour Performativity Construction not placed on you but through repetition eg you are a girl acting like a girl can t do that as you are a girl expectations occurs throughout whole life Reiteration of norms repetitionlimits and foreclosing what you can do Provides basis of all other social relations How does this happen Eg girling Why does naming have this normative power Sentences like 39it s a girl are not normative sentences they are performative utterances which sayname what they docreatethey produce a series of effects 39I know pronounce you husband and wife Needs to be said by a person of authority eg judge and needs to be said again and again by other authorities eg family law friends etc Once cited it can be used in numerous ways citational moments agency from within change eg what is your name and pronoun they as singular past present and future uses of name and pronoun eg queer eg appropriateness of 39he to refer to all people Evs adding a new category just adding a new category without actual change They as he and she combined Xe and xer zeshehe and zerherhim Evthese are still citing heher and thus reiterating the norm the binary 2e and zer referencing heshe makes them intelligible thus they can be used Sex amp Gender Normally Sex as a biological given xx xy Gender as a social construct changeable variable over place and time Sex not a biological given which genderjust expresses Sex is a process Sex forcibly materialized eg case ofJoanJohn terrible circumcision at age 2 so they castrated him and made him into a female but he now identi es as a male Feminists create binary of gender and sex lf continue to say sex is natural and biological it allows for strict binaries to stay in place that men superior and women inferior it is a given fact that underneath everything is biology and thus biological differences Critically QueerButler Why and How Why so hard to displace gender binaryThere is a difference between egg and sperm yet Butler wants to move away from this How did it come about History Biological sciences Institutions of the family Economy How these interrelate to create divisions lnterarticulationthings convergingcoming together eg different things converging to form identity background gender class etc Discourse controling bodies Althusser side note interpelatehow we become subjects through the institutions 39Hey You There Why do you turn around We turn around as being interpellated through the institution of the law when you turn around and respond to policeman hailing subjects incorporated into power Back to Butler Agency constrainedeg by lang and open ended eg example of 2256242xii Every time we use depends on all other utterances of Only intelligible as grown up with usage of I constrained But also leads to future uses of the word quotquotagency open ended future possibilities Ill 99 III III Reclaim term eg queer To use it positively Poitica uses eg people from diverse backgrounds coming together to mobilize position hyperboic take term and exaggerate to remove fear eg kiss in What does Butler want Solutions Let go desire to control instead allow what you say to circulate in ways you haven t thought of which allows for new solutions Eg usage of queer Democratization 2278 eg use of ways author did not envision lllll excludes and can be used in Do some words have too much baggage to be reappropriated Eg 39nigga Why are the balls interesting In relation to documentary Paris Is Burning Performing at balls space of fantasty whereby those excluded can embody power Opening of possibilities Everyone has category to participate in Display of impossibility of gender binaries to be fully ful lled by living human beings Categories exaggerated to see how impossible they are to inhabit in the real world 237 Reimagines kinship those rejected by family provides new mode of family