Week 13 Notes - Nutrition 101
Week 13 Notes - Nutrition 101 Nutrition 101
Popular in Nutrition 101-001 Intro Human Nutrition
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kennedy Patterson on Sunday April 12, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Nutrition 101 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Lori Greene in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 200 views. For similar materials see Nutrition 101-001 Intro Human Nutrition in Nutrition and Food Sciences at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.
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Date Created: 04/12/15
Nutrition 101 46154816 Chapter 14 amp 9 Physical Activity and Nutrients Chapter 14 Terms to know 0 Fitness 0 Sedentary 0 Physical Activity Moderateintensity Vigorousintensity 0 Exercise 0 Flexibility Benefits of Regular Physical Activity Better sleep Healthier body composition Improved body density Lower risk of colds Lower risk of some types of cancers Lower risk of CVD DMZ depression Healthy body image 0 Long high quality life Physical Activity Recommendations 0 2010 Dietary Guidelines Increase physical activity Decrease time spent in sedentary activities 0 ACSM 57 days of aerobic activity for at least 30 minutes 23 days of resistance exercise 27 days of stretching exercises Energy Systems Nutrients amp Activity 0 Fuel carbohydrate and fat Before activity goal fill up glycogen stores During activity goal maintain normal blood glucose levels or a drastic drop in glycogen levels After activity goal replenish glycogen stores 0 Build protein Before activity minimal protein needed During activity minimal protein needed After activity provide adequate protein to rebuild muscles and Ussues 0 Support energy metabolism and tissue building vitamins amp minerals Need to have adequate amount of vitamins and minerals to support the bodies functions Energy metabolism tissue building oxygen carrier immunity fight free radicals 0 Carrier and removes waste fluid Before activity ensure that individual is not on the path to dehydration During activity remain hydrated After activity replace fluid lost drink amount of fluid lost in body weight OOOOOOO Nutrition 101 46154816 Chapter 14 amp 9 Weight Management Overweight Obesity and Underweight Chapter 9 Body Mass Index 0 BMI a measure of a person s weight relative to a person s height BMI weight kgHeight m2 Conversion divide by 22 for wt divide by 3937 for ht BMI under 185 considered underweight BMI of 185 25 considered healthy weight BMI over 30 considered obese o More than 23 of American adults have a BMI greater than 25 Causes of Obesity 0 Genetics Epigenetics the influence of environment on gene expression 0 Environment Excessintake Sedentary lifestyle Determining Health Risks Related to Obesity 0 BMI o Waist Circumference 0 Blood Pressure 0 Blood profile lipids glucoseinsulin Obesity Treatment Pyramid 0 Top Surgery 0 Middle Pharmacotherapy 0 Bottom Lifestyle Modification Diet Physical Activity Lifestyle Modification 0 Eating Pattern Energy intake Fruits and vegetables Portion sizes Low energy dense foods VVater Fiber Type of fats Whole grains Beware of empty kcal foods and beverages 0 Physical Activity Increase energy expenditure Any activity is better than no activity Weight loss strategies 0 Set reasonable goals 0 Be realistic 250500 kcal per day reduction if overweight 5001000 kcal per day reduction if obese 0 Include all food groups 0 Aim for low energy density 0 Get active Guidelines for Use of Drugs NIH Consensus Panel Nutrition 101 46154816 Chapter 14 amp 9 0 Drugs will not eliminate the need to change lifestyle 0 Should be considered only after 46 months of lifestyle therapy 0 Should be considered as an adjunct to lifestyle therapy only for persons with BMI gt 30 with no comorbidities or risk factors BMI gt 27 with comorbidities or risk factors Hypertension dyslipidemia abnormal lipids coronary hearth disease Type 2 diabetes sleep apnea o Orlistat Xenical Produces maldigestion by inhibiting intestinal lipase Alli is a lower dose over the counter version Side effects Oily or fatty stools Gas with an oil discharge Stomach pain 0 stmia Qnexa Combination of appetite suppressant phentermine and anti seizure drug topiramate Topamax Approved in 2012 Dieters lost 10 of their weight with diet and exercise Side effects Increased heart rate Increased rick of cleft palate in newborns 0 Surgery For severely or morbidly obese patients only BMI gt 40 or gt 35 with significant comorbidities After serious attempts at lifestyle modification Roux enY gastric bypass Banding vertical gastroplasty amp gastric banding Gastric Sleeve or gastric sleeve resection 0 After Surgery Surgery patients will have a pouch instead of a stomach It will be the size of an egg It will hold about a 12 cup of food The pouch restricts the amount of food patients can eat Underweight 0 Health risks Malnourishment infertility osteoporosis 0 Weight Gain Strategies Energy dense foods regular meals and extra snacks juice and milk strength training Fad Diets Does it sound too good to be true Does is omit an entire food group Does if focus on one single food Does it promise quick results Are they selling something Is it backed by scientific research OOOOOO
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