Fernea’s Guest of the Shiek (Part III)
Fernea’s Guest of the Shiek (Part III) ANTH 1002
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Estefania Notetaker on Monday April 13, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ANTH 1002 at George Washington University taught by Sarah Wagner in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 360 views. For similar materials see Introductions to Sociocultural Anthropology in anthropology, evolution, sphr at George Washington University.
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Date Created: 04/13/15
Fernea39s Guest of the Shiek Part III April 10 2015 Final Scene of Pilgrimage to Karbala 0 Parallel Film s scenes in Karbala and those described by Fernea Multitude of people coming from different countries Chaotic Effervesce l they are getting there in bus donkey foot It s crowded it They will do all it takes Piety Man walking in his arms across the square 0 Taaziya mourning ceremony including of young men who ritually agellate themselves during the Shiite commemoration of Ashur the tenth of Muharram the day when Hussein and All were slain A Durkheimian analysis the taaziya procession in Karbala pp 241245 0 According to Durkeim What are the two basic categories that religious phenomena fall into Beliefs SacredProfane amp Rites 0 Analyze the following passages according to Durkheiim s de nition of religion and the notion of a social fact 242 quotThe torches and weirdly lit banner the bunch of black chains in the right hand of every man the black garments the glazed and exhausted eyes of the eyes of the performers and their drenched sweating bodies signi ed a religious experience with which was totally unfamiliarquot You are swept into an emotion that is not yours It s a collective feeling Social Fact 243 quotTears streamed down the faces of sobbing men standing near me and the piercing wailing cries of the women spoke of loss and pain and grief and lamentationquot 0 B is a liminal gure There is danger in her If she is seen as not being a believer there is dangen o Rites You can t have the beliefs without the rite If you are not praying and lamenting there is no your true belief Belief has to be enacted quotAn excursion into the countryquot Douglas quotmatter out of placequot 0 Pg 257 quotStrange as it seem to me now I realized as we got out of the car and breathed deeply the country air how it had been since I had a change to walk aimlessly for pleasure It was not the sort of thing that ladies in El Nahra did they were busy most of the day and in their leisure hours they hardly felt the need of more exercise Even if they had they wee expected to stay indoors with their families and not wander about in public viewquot 0 What happened on the excursion How did different people of El Narah react They have chance to escape the constraining social pressure of the village They are exposed in the countryside Problem They meet some children and are exposed to a family 0 Women have different sensibilities and social pressures upon them They go back to village and face consequences of that exposure Pg 119 of Mary Douglas quotDanger lies in transitional states simply because transition is not a one state or the next it is indefinabe The person who must ass from one to another is himself in danger and emanates dangers to others 0 Great danger for Leila l in stake is not only her honor It s about the honor of other women of her family Matter out of place Important because it remind us what it tells us what it is out of place from quotBut I began to realized that Bob and I would never be other than foreigners even thought our efforts to conform to local customs might prove ingratiating No one would seriously blame us for our lapses but we had to recognize our responsibility when on our account other people were exposed to blame or shame or worse How little I really knew about the society in which I was living During the year I had made friends I had listened and talked and learned I thought a great deal but the pattern of custom and tradition which governed the lives of my friends was far more subtle and complex than I imagine Pg 266 o What are some of those patterns and traditions BJ failed to realize that her honor and her family s honors are essential and can be scrutinized o In village there is a revolutionary Irrigation Engineer s Fianc 0 He holds a hold a position of power and educated outside o Fianc trying to persuade the women to stop wearing the abayah Politics Fernea doesn t get much of it because she is not a man and cannot hear it rst hand 0 In the ethnography politics are mediated via other people speaking about the issues It is not central to the ethnography Film the rhetoric ties together the ideas of religion with the geopolitical climate The religious is very tied to political Genealogy Leila is the Shiek s nice l her reputation directly in uences her family s reputation quotBack to Baghdadquot recalling EvansPritchard on ethnographic research 0 Bob and BJ join the shiek as his guest at a nightclub in Baghdad o What happens there and what conclusions does Fernea draw Her identity has changed She sees the women and understands why he sees them like that She is attered that she is not labeled as that 0 She will never feel the shame of tarnished honon 0 Evans Pritchard Appendix 4 243 quotBut clearly one has to recognize that there is a certain pretense in such a attempts at participation and people do not always appreciate themquot 0 They are still apart in essentials How does Guest of the Sheik represent ethnography as both a research methods and form of writing methods 0 Research methods 0 Direct Observation 0 Participant Observation 0 Entrance into the community putting on a abayah o Positionality as a western woman affect her research You can account for it but you cant get rid of it 0 Writing methods 0 Examines closely how people live their lives and the internal logic Glossary 0 Taaziya mourning ceremony including of young men who ritually agellate themselves during the Shiite commemoration of Ashur the tenth of Muharram the day when Hussein and Ali were 5