HDFS 3440 Chapter 16
HDFS 3440 Chapter 16 3440
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Popular in Human Development
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Caroline Bacevice on Monday April 13, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to 3440 at Ohio State University taught by Katye Miller in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 96 views. For similar materials see Human Sexuality in Human Development at Ohio State University.
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Date Created: 04/13/15
HDFS 3440 Chapter 16 What Constitutes Atypical Sexual Behavior Paraphilia A term used to describe uncommon types of sexual expression beyond usual or typical lovequot Atypical Sexual Behaviors Behaviors not typically expressed by most people in our society Noncoercive Versus Coercive Paraphilias 0 When the acts involve willing participants or are completed alone they are often considered harmless Noncoercive Paraphilias Fetishism A sexual behavior in which a person obtains sexual excitement primarily or exclusively from an inanimate object or a particular part of the body 0 Only when a person becomes focused on these objects or body parts to the exclusion of everything else in the term fetishism truly applicable 0 How does fetishism develop Often through fantasy in a masturbation sequence in which the reinforcement of the orgasm strengthens the fetish association Some cases looks to childhood 0 Symbolic transformation the object of the fetish becomes endowed with the power or essence of the owner so that the child usually male responds to this object as he might react to the actual person 0 Only rarely does fetishism develop into an offense that might harm someone Transvestic Fetishism who put on clothes of the other sex to achieve sexual arousal o The significant difference is that the clothing items are actually worn to produce a sexual arousal versus just looking at the item of clothing 0 Occur primarily among married men with predominately heterosexual orientations Sexual Sadism and Sexual Masochism o Sadomasochistic SM behavior The association of sexual expression with pain 0 Sexual Sadism The act of obtaining sexual arousal through giving physical or psychological pain 0 Sexual Masochism The act of obtaining sexual arousal through receiving physical or psychological pain 0 Bondage A sexual behavior in which a person derives sexual pleasure from being bound tied up or otherwise restricted 0 Individuals with a sexual sadistic tendencies are less common than their masochistic counterparts 0 Many people who engage in SM activities are motivated by a desire to experience dominance or submission or both rather than pain Other Noncoercive Paraphilias o Autoerotic Asphyxia hypoxphilia or asphyxiophilia the enhancement of sexual excitement and orgasm by pressure induced oxygen deprivation I Usually accomplished by applying pressure to the neck with a chain leather belt ligature or rope noose Occasionally a plastic bag or chest compression is used I Done alone or with a partner I Highly unusual variant of sexual masochism in which participants act out ritualized bondage themes I 12 deaths per million are caused by autoerotic asphyxiation each year 0 Klismaphilia An unusual variant of sexual expression in which an individual obtains sexual pleasure from receiving enemas o Coprophilia A sexual paraphilia in which a person obtains sexual arousal from contact with feces o Urophilia A sexual paraphilia in which a person obtains sexual arousal from contact with urine Coercive Paraphilias Exhibitionism The act of exposing one s genitals to an unwilling observer 0 Typically obtains sexual gratification by masturbating shortly after using mental images of the observer s reaction to increase his arousal 0 Most are men ages 2030 and over half are married or have been married 0 Many were reared in atmospheres characterized by puritanical and shame inducing attitudes towards sexuality Obscene Phone Calls 0 Is viewed by some professionals as a subtype of exhibitionism 0 Typically experience sexual arousal when their victims react in a shocked or horrified manner and usually masturbate shortly after the exchange 0 Typically male and suffer from pervasive feelings of inadequacy and insecurity Voyeurism The act of obtaining sexual gratification by observing undressed or sexually interacting people without their consent 0 To be a problem it must be sexually preferred to sexual relations with another person or indulged in with some risk 0 Share characteristics with people who expose themselves o Behaviors include peering into bedroom windows stationing oneself by the entrance of women s bathrooms and boring holes in the walls of public dressing rooms Other Coercive Paraphilias o Frotteurism A fairly common paraphilia in which a person obtains sexual pleasure by pressing or rubbing against another person in a crowded place 0 Zoophilia beastiality A paraphilia in which a person has sexual contact with animals I Commonly only a transitory experience of young people to whom a human sexual partner is inaccessible or forbidden I True zoophilia exists when sexual contact with animals are preferred to humans 0 Necrophilia A rare sexual paraphilia in which a person obtains sexual gratification by viewing or having intercourse with a corpse Sexual Addiction Fact Fiction or Misnomer Nymphomania women or satyriasis men the idea that people can become dominated by insatiable sexual needs The criteria often used to establish alleged subconditions of hypersexuality are subjective and laden Typically defined moralistically rather than scientifically Many sexologists do not believe that sexual addiction should be a distinct diagnostic category because it is rare and lacking in distinction from other compulsive disorders
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