The End of Detente
The End of Detente HIST 2340W
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Amaris Mae on Tuesday April 14, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 2340W at George Washington University taught by Brazinsky in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 107 views. For similar materials see History of US Diplomacy in History at George Washington University.
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Date Created: 04/14/15
The End of D tente 1 Arab Israeli War a Anwar AlSadat wanted an American coalition i Wanted to push the USSR out of the con ict b But the fact that the soviets had gotten involved in the rst place made them suspicious to the Nixon administration c what the Arab Israeli War really shows is that the Soviets still cannot be trusted 2 JacksonVanir and Human Rights a The question ofJewish immigration b Jackson was writing up the defense contracts with the Soviets i Wanted to make sure Nixon wasn39t giving up too much ii But he was driven apart from Nixon and Kissinger 1 Because of Human Rights issue c Jackson used Jewish immigration to attack Nixon and Kissinger i Soviet union imposed an exit tax that would have made it impossible forJews to leave d Jackson and Vanir made exportimport loans contingent on Russia39s allowable forJewish immigration Carter Foreign Policy Emphasis on Human rights Arms control SALT II treaty Placed further limits on number of nuclear warheads that each side could have Sought to restore morality at all levels But this did not mean that relations with the Soviets would deteriorate Didn39t want to return to a cold war setting Victories in Foreign Policy Camp David Accords Initial effort at comprehensive peace Secret Negotiations in September 1978 produce Agreed Framework 1979 peace treaty First time there was a peace treaty between Israel and an Islamic country Israel returns Sinai to Egypt Sadat gets shot Torino sCarter Treaties Panamanians want the canal back quotBlatant impingement on sovereigntyquot Abrogate Hay Bunau Vairlal Treaty signed under TR Panama will regain control over the canal after 1999 US retains the right to defend canal since it is neutral water Brzezinski s Hard Line Approach Both wanted to complete the process of normalizing relations with Chain That had begun in 1972 Greater defense and intelligence cooperation with PRC Covert support for national independence movements in the USSR May of 1977 Brzenski goes to China And challenges Carter39s Dif culties Wasn39t trusted by the Soviets Publicly praised Soviet dissidents Carter increased funding for the Voice of America Radio free Europe things that were supporting democratic ideas behind the iron curtain Soviets saw this as an American conspiracy US embassy in 1978 invited Russian citizens to see quotDr Zhivagoquot banned in the USSR Afghanistan Coup in 1978 He was overthrown in 1979 by Hafasala Amin Soviets were worried though that the original communist coup had been overturned So they went in Installed a procommunist government How should the US respond 0 Soviet Aggression at stake quotSoviet action gives cause for US action nine Iranquot With backing by the US Afghanis ght the USSR Bad relations with USSR China would send weapons through Pakistan to the Afghan rebels paid by US Iranian Hostage crisis Iran Ayatollah Khomeini Kicked out the previous administration Effort to free the hostages by force did not work The failure of this and prevent the invasion of Afghanistan started to create a lot of concerns within the American public that thus was starting to look too weak quotI announce that human rights will be a corner stone of our entire foreign policy so I of cially designate every us ambassador on earth be my own human rights representative Every time a foreign leader met with me they knew that human rights in their country would be in their agenda quot quotRonal Reagan disavowed this policy it was just a few months before he saw that the American people favored this policy So he became a proponent of human rights as wellquot Human rights are pushed way up on the agenda Very different from Nixon And it wasn39t dependent upon which government he was talking to Everyone was treated this way Intended to produce very speci c effects Re ected the assumption that authoritarian regimes maintained control by denying them fundamental freedoms quotAt the same time we cannot be indifferent to the fate of freedom and human rights Our countries differed from each other a competition of ideal and ideas in inevitable But this must not interfere with our efforts of a peaceful just and human worldquot quotWe live in a world that demands answers to the human questionsquot quotTo promote a more substantive life for the disadvantagedquot Carter Trying to coopt the Soviet Union Convince it that there are some areas they can work together quotIt is important we have clarity and mutual understanding of questions The most important thing here is the necessity to ensure equality mutual bene t and mutual cooperation of interests and without the interface in internal affairsquot Brezhnev
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