Class Notes from April 13
Class Notes from April 13 PSC 2446
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Amanda Rewerts on Thursday April 16, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSC 2446 at George Washington University taught by Elizabeth Saunders in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 94 views. For similar materials see US Foreign Policy in Political Science at George Washington University.
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Date Created: 04/16/15
US Foreign Policy Notes April 13 and April 15 April 13 Responding to the Arab Spring Guest Lecture Dafna Rand QUESTION 1 How much of an in uence should the US be in the Arab Spring How can the US secure its regions 0 Egypt and Tunisia in 2011 were the first time that citizens were protesting against their authoritarian leaders 0 Did the US throw its authoritarian leader ally of Saudi Arabia under the bus 0 The US decided that they would not be on the side of a leaders who was shooting its protestors 0 People were demanding only an economic equality 0 It wasn t the US who helped people be overthrown by the government 0 The US need to think about the ingredients to and the sources of instabilities in these countries 0 Evolutionary change and revolutionary change QUESTION 2 What is the best way for the US to protect and respond America and its nationals and our interests 911 This deep threat was not new Jiahad of 2001 of today is very different than ISIS doesn t want to take down a US city but encourages decentralization and changing the country It is unclear what ISIS is actually fighting against ISIS is more of an insurgency army and less of a military In Iraq it is more in cities In Syria it is more in the rural areas State police and US government keep and protect Assad Syrian leader brutality is a reason why people are going to join ISIS trying to help Syrian and ISIS is trying to take over Syria maybe This January it was supposed to be when America Wars were over and all the troops were supposed to be back home by now Why did the US go into Libya but not Syria Obama speech in March 2011 explains this well he will use military when there is an immediate threat to humanitarian needs in Libya clear and concise goal In Syria there was other ways to achieve the end goal How can the US have a strong goal and decided what to do in Syria What happens to the leadership after Assad In Syria When does the US intervene US used to fight Assad but now the US is in Syria fighting ISIS and not Assad What else can be down to aid these countries How could we build the armies of the countries around this region BBC Building B Comparison Building up foreign armies and allies but then is this the right way Will it follow through Iraq forces were not able to defend its 2nd biggest city even with this Question 3 How does the US deal with bad actors to US interests Iran is a very powerful actor in this region Sanctions of Iran were supposed to get Iran to be able to sit down and talk and do diplomatic the right things You should try diplomacy first instead of war If this Iran War deal doesn t help what will happen What is the proper use of military force There have been many accusations that US sent seeds of Revolutions to Egypt and Tunisia which is of course not true at all 415 Class Notes Trade Policy in the US TPP Trade agreements with Americas and China TTIP Trade agreements with America and more European countries After WWII trade institutions wanted to include Soviet Union but in 1947 Not build with confutation in time Post 1945 institutions to get rid of trade tariffs stayed around until 1995 Soviet Union was not a participant Trade Liberalization agreements and WTO made and round of meetings would happen and US would come in and close the deals Rounds would reduce barriers and trade would be very liberal DOHA round of trade agreements 0 Only small things achieved Tried to tackle big things Before would be small like manufacturing tariffs Hard stuff services intellectual property Decline of US power power is dealt more to China India and Australia now 0 Trade with China negotiations last year 0 O O O TPP US Canada Mexico Australia Japan Vietnam Malaysia Singapore Brunei Peru Chile countries Why would the US get involved Comparative Advantage 0 Everyone uses factories to the best of their ability 0 People make something they are the best at 0 Produce a lot of faster and lower price 1St theory Trade producers Capitol Open Economy Democracy 0 Elites who lose power private sector jobs in the US 0 GDP is high enough then Democracy is a lot more able to survive 0 States get used to customs forms track property rights and health scores 2nd Theory Democracy promotes peace 0 Promoting free trade will produce democracies 0 Democracies don t fight with each other will lose trade and money 0 Don t fight with armies but rather go to WTO 0 Including only free trade Downsides of free trade 0 Some will come out ahead and some behind 0 When we are not so good at making something we don t make it and countries become specialized in that area 0 If you live in a city were there was an industry but some other place start making it cheaper or better you lose your job due to free trade jobs are shipped to China due to less regulations most of the time 0 Hard to mobilize people to make cheaper clothes or products 0 Members of Congress will oppose trade agreement if they support free trade sometimes because it could take jobs away from their constituents 0 Negotiation TPP in secret can be good and bad 0 TPP is going the president the first track vote so after he approves it Congress decides if they want it or not Congress can t go line by line in this bill 0 Concentrated costs and defuse payments 0 goes up in with tough economic times 0 Some argue that trade doesn t help industries 0 Industrial states during WWII were good at developing and trading to build themselves up 0 Some states have one ethnic group win and the other become more rich while the other doesn t and increases tensions between ethnicities 0 Empowers women can cause con ict and need work and costs getting from here to there are painful CHINA Not in TPP trade agreement on purpose USA wants to build an economic dependency on USA in China This TPP deal is to counter the Chinese power and make them not so powerful This deal angers China EU runs the IMF USA runs the World Bank Many disagree if this is a good idea and if these concepts are even good ideas China is a currency manipulator Romney kept saying that he would label China as a currency manipulator Canada and Mexico are US top trading with instead of China China is growing in its export at great lengths Chinese factories earn dollars and it goes into the bank and bank turns dollars to central bank This lets the Chinese government decide how much it wants to grow Chinese growth has to not swing so much so controls it very much Not returning exports money to the people and is not improving living conditions Not giving everything it can to its people Doesn t want a social distrust Government depends on the happiness of their people Exporters don t make as much money Predicted growths are necessary for their market to not swing as much China chooses to keep its money invested in America This creates a dependency of America buying Chinese goods and Chinese receiving money from USA The risky the rate of investment the more good the returns Chinese invest in US housing markets along Saudi Arabia Sovereign Well Funds are brought by Chinese and Saudis US needs the Chinese to buy its debt and Chinese need US to buy their exports After 2007 crisis the Chinese invested in themselves and we had a stimulus bill IS this gonna be gradually or suddenly that we are not dependent on China