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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Erica Kugler on Friday April 17, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSC 321 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Dr. Frazier in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 115 views. For similar materials see US National Security in Political Science at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.
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Date Created: 04/17/15
Asia Asian Pivot 0 Key issue in the region stability stability ensures international order What does quotAsian Pivot mean 0 pivot shift in US attention from MEast to Asia 0 Does not mean a complete withdrawal of US attention from MEast but rather a devotion of more resources to Asia as well as more engagement in that region 0 Recognition of the growing importance of the Asian region in 3 areas I Economics I Politics I Security 0 Recognition of China s growth and China s potential for instability I China s growth economy navy o Prioritizing issues in the region means that the US needs to 0 Increase economic and military resources 0 Have greater diplomatic presence 0 Increase cooperation wpartners and regional powers 0 Main regional powers China Japan and India 0 Goal maintain international order despite new players 0 Pivot doesn t mean 0 Team America gt US is not looking to take overdominate the region 0 Fear of Team China gt US focus on Asia isn t out of fear of China but rather an acknowledgement of changing geopolitical situation 0 Abandonment of old allies and old problemsgt US will still be involved wMEast and European situations 0 Pivot does mean that US needs to be more uptodate with situations in Asia 0 US needs to take a holistic approach to the region 0 Do not let China overshadow the other states in the region 0 Some see US pivot as a way to contain China 0 Contain China China feels threatened may act aggressively in the future 0 If the Middle East still has problems why would US shift its attention to Asia 0 MEast conflict is still relevant to US but let European countries hand more issues in the MEast AS EAN o ASEAN Association of Southeast Asian Nations 0 Backed by US 0 Recently countries in ASEAN want more freedom of action from the US 0 They do not want to be the US puppet but they do want to be backed by US for protection and economic security 0 Issue ASEAN vs China 0 US has used ASEAN as a way to confront China Issues in Asia relating to US National Security 0 Declining importance of US in Asia 0 US is economically dominate but dependence on US economy is decreasing I More Asian economies are growing which means more interregional trade 0 Reduction in security leadership by US I US ability to ensure peace in Asia has been tarnished by several factors 0 North Korea s nuclear issue 0 More involvement by China in bilateral agreements o Japan s growing security independence from US 0 ASEAN development gt solve more issues wo US help 0 Reduction in US soft power 0 Soft power ability to get states to do what you want wo the use of forcethreats I Declining US influence means that less states are willing to listen to US and do what it says 0 Rise of China and concern wChina s intentions o Territorial and maritime disputes 0 North Korea nukes stability 0 Normalization ofJapan gt return to normal state status have own military less US control 0 IndiaChina rivalry gt border disputes 0 Protection of global commons gt common something that can be used by everyone 0 Ex protection of seassea trade routes from piracy and chokepoint problems Rise of China and Concern wChina s Intentions o ASEAN s growing dependence on China gt this dependence is increasing China s regional power 0 Does China s increased military and economic capabilities mean that it is a new regional leader 0 What would Chinese leadership look like 0 How does China view other Asian states territory to control Trade partners or rivals o How do Asian states view China peaceful or hostile Should China be contained 0 quotSecurity dilemma figuring out China s place in the region 0 China s misunderstandings China doesn t see itself as a regional power 0 How can we the Chinese be a threat to the region o If we the Chinese are not a threat then what explains an increase in US presence in Asia China s answer US wants to threaten China and stop its growth contain China 0 US misunderstandings 0 China is concerned wits homeland and regional interests 0 US concerns are global in scope and China s concerns are domestic and regional I Ex US NSS 4 pillars are global concerns that China doesn t care about 0 This means US and China do not see eye to eye on issues 0 Makes it harder to reach agreements and understand each other s motivations 0 Importance of China s reputation and international status I China wants to be viewed as being important and US actions to undermine China makes it unhappy 0 Relationship of China wUS friend or enemy o Realistic answer frenemy I Frenemy someone that you need but do not like all the time 0 US needs China forS and products 0 US doesn t like China s totalitarian govt and human rights abuses Regional Disputes 0 China and Taiwan dispute 0 Spratly Islands dispute gt competing claims of ownership by China and SE Asian nations 0 US is ally wSE Asian nations so conflict could draw US into fighting China 0 Senkaku Islands gt competing claims of ownership by China and Japan 0 US is a defensive ally to Japan to attack by China would draw US into the conflict North Korea 0 2005 joint statement by US and North Korea 0 No nukes and return to NonProliferation Treaty provisions 0 US declaration of no intent to attack 0 No nukes for South Korea 0 Since 09 six party talks have stalled o 14 missile tests restart of a nuclear facility 0 15 sanctions imposed by US Sony cyber attacks worsening of US and North Korea relations 0 Things to consider for how to solve issue wNorth Korea 0 Apply lessons learned from Iran 0 Figure out what will make North Korea feel secure so that it doesn t feel the need to acquire nukes 0 Promote Chinese engagement wNorth Korea to pressure NK to stop hostility in the region 0 Think about what an collapse of North Korea would mean for the region I Power vacuum gt who would occupy North Korea s territory SKorea China Normalization of Japan 0 Article 9 of postWW2 constitution prohibits Japan from maintaining an armed force and prohibits the use of force to settle conflicts o Selfdefense forces are okay 0 Concerns about US dominance gt to normalize Japan how to wean out US control 0 How to maintain regional status quo wJapan transitioning to a normalized state 0 Problems with normalization 0 Could it lead to militarization ofJapan 0 Historic legacy shoguns empires emperors is culturally important so people may want to see a return to that historically power 0 Path to normalization o Involvement in global peacesecurity missions o 2013 establishment of a National Security Council 0 2014 reinterpretation of Article 9 to allow for a selfdefense forces 0 Trilateral relations and treaties Japan China North Korea 0 Things to consider about Japanese normalization from US persepective 0 Will normalization ofJapan deter or embolden China 0 How will the normalization affect the trilateral relations 0 Will US be relevant to Japan once it normalizes Concert of Power 0 Collection of US China and Japan working together on how the region should move forward 0 collegiality of US China and Japan 0 Collegiality cooperative relation between colleagues 0 Problem wconcert of power among US China and Japan is that it leaves out other important states in Asia like India and SE Asian nations Conclusion 0 Asian Pivot response to increase in importance of the Asian region 0 US is recognizing the potential of more powerful states to emerge in Asia 0 US interests are being challenged by voicesactors in Asia that require and demand more say in the changing regional order
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