Popular in US Diplomatic History
verified elite notetaker
Popular in History
This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by firstname.lastname@example.org Notetaker on Saturday April 18, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 2340W at George Washington University taught by Professor Brasinzky in Winter2015. Since its upload, it has received 176 views. For similar materials see US Diplomatic History in History at George Washington University.
Reviews for Week 14
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
Date Created: 04/18/15
Week 14 Reagan and the End of the Cold War Return to Ideological confrontation Peace through Strength Abandon Nuclear Arms limitation Evil Empire Speech 0 Reagan made it clear that he wanted to confront USSR 0 USA is exceptional I Morality and ideological strength that comes from religion 0 USSR would only recognize the morality of revolution 0 Idea of religiosity faith in God makes America good exceptional and good 0 USSR is implied to be a godless empire 0 Reagan lays his idea by saying that USA will never compromise their principals and standards commitment to god I must find peace through strengthquot maintain a world class nuclear arsenal that is superior to USSR outspend the soviets Reagan worked on the assumptions that USA resources were limitless and Reagan recognized that USSR was leading to economic bankruptcy Peace through strength I American spirituality will give a strength to America that they did not previous have I The weakness of a system that puts the politerarian as the ruler of the order Reagan believes that the soviet union will be able to collapse and end the cold war on terms that are favorable to American capitalism Idea becomes more important in Reagan s second term office several weeks after Reagan gave his evil empire speech Star Wars speech 0 USSR had a lot of ballistic missiles they were building up their nuclear capability to a point where USA should equate it I there was the possibility USSR would want to resort nuclear attacks and USA should be prepared 0 Defensive measures he wants the USA to take the lead in creating a world where nuclear weapons would be obsolete o Militaristic ideas I Gave some results and triumphs because at the same time Gorbachev gains power in USSR Mikhail Gorbachev 0 Economic liberalization or perestroika 0 Political openness or Glasnost o Ideological differences between the US and the soviet union were subordinate to the need for peace Reagan and Gorbachev Summitry o Reykjavic Iceland 0 Washington DC INF treaty George P Schultz s arguments o Soviet Union needed to change if it was going to survive o The soviet Union had become the kind of empire it had sought to overthrow Reagan Doctrine 0 Nicaragua I Nationalists sandinistas carry out reform and break USA I Contras was supported by USA resisted and sought to overthrow and defeat the sandinistas Reagan supported them through a system in the Congress and decided to support them covertly as well Arms were sold to Iran in exchange for hostages it was funded to contras and overthrow the sandanistan s government Also known as IranContras scandal 0 Afghanistan Operation Cyclone 19791978 0 As much as 630 million per year provided to the Mujahideen in Afghanistan by CIA 0 Support for militant Islamic groups favored by Pakistan instead of moderate opponents of regime 0 Most training handled by Pakistan InterService intelligence The fall of Marcos o Reagan s support for Marcos because of his strong anticommunism o Concern about US bases in the phillippines Reasons for Change in US policy 0 1983 assassination of Benigno Aquino o 1984 group of American officials begins looking for ways to remove Marcos from power but Reagan only agrees to modest sanctions 0 February 1986 fraudulent election leads Reagan to change attitude Marcos allowed to y to US Democracy in South Korea 0 Reagan s support for Chun Doo Hwan 0 Massive protests in Seoul in 1987 when Chun appoints Roh Taw Woo as successor Gaston Sigur s Activities 0 March 1987 speech encouraging democratization 0 US special envoy in June 1987 Pressured Chun to allow free elections Thursday George HW Bush and the End of the Cold War The end of the cold War in Latin America 0 Nicaragua Violeta Chamarro was elected president of Nicaragua Sandanistas surrender power and USA sent aids to Camarro and her relationship with Bush was great and became an ally with Latin America 0 Panama Manuel Noriega Tear down this Wall 0 Bush believes that the USA will finally be able to fulfill its world mission and Bush believes it is much more than eastern Germany there are more events occurring everywhere in the world and really underscores a transformation that is going on throughout the region 0 Bribed the soviets and the United Germany invaded them in Eastern Germany because the Soviet economy was not in good shape Bush promised to keep American troops in Germany and Europe 0 Assistant program to help Grobrachav to accept the new international realities of the new century South Africa 0 Pressures from US and international community 0 1990 Release of nelson Mandela and lifting of ban on African National congress put more and more sanctions in the apartheid regime in SA under pressure from USA desegregation began to take place in schools and prisons 19909 Mandela was released ANC ended its policy against resistance and paved the way for free elections and dropped the long standings sanctions against SA and Bush makes a speech USA support equality in South Africa and lifting the sanctions is the right thing to do to encourage changes in the country and promote democracy Persian Gulf War 0 Iraqi invasion of Kuwait August 1990 Was more than just a threat to Kuwait it was a threat to international order and institutions Bush argued that it is much less powerful but more significant state for civilization democracy and free trade should prevail USA should never be able to launch a military attack and USA was still suffering from Vietnam issue The Bush administration successfully launches as operation and Sa Dan Rusan surrenders 0 Operation Desert storm 0 Bush s New World order Policy in the middle east is going to be Seek to create new opportunities for peace and stability in the middle east Learned in the modern age that geography cannot guarantee security all of us know that the death of Peace brings real benefits for everybody the tactics of tariff leads nowhere and foster economic development for the sake of progress and development of resources peaceful ends USA in uence in the Middle east has increased and use it to try to fulfill some objectives in the region The sinastra Doctrine o Soviet states can do it their wayquot Soviet republics can do it their way Bush says in this brief conference states his self determination and liberalization He is offering continuing support for democratizing change signs the SALT treaty Bush s Russian strategy 0 Democratization 0 Alliance with newly formed states Develop natural resources with these countries and develop their economies Tiananmen Square 0 Economics vs democracy 0 The President vs the congress o Scowcroft eagle burger mission Didn t want China to become isolated economically wanted to avoid isolating China economically Bush encourages restrains from Bush s perpectives at the same time as encouraging trade he didn t always convey his emotions well in speeches was one of the things that cost him the presidency in 1982 and Bush was asked how is the race Bush s failure to show care moral outrage for the protests for freedom USA cuts military ties with China by force by congress and Congress force Bush to take some measures World Bank suspends all loans to China Economic strains seriously strained their relationship with China China was in many ways the one country where democracy didn t strike right away autocratic government USA won the persian gulf war but they weren t able to convert these policies to a new direction combined by the severe recession resulted in Bush s defeat and the victory of Clinton