Week3_Music 162 (American Popular Music)
Week3_Music 162 (American Popular Music) 162
Popular in Music 162
Seong Yong Park
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Popular in Music
This 14 page Class Notes was uploaded by Seong Yong Park on Sunday April 19, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to 162 at University of Washington taught by Dudley in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 67 views. For similar materials see Music 162 in Music at University of Washington.
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Date Created: 04/19/15
quotThe Jazz Sinqerquot Did you perceive the blackface any differently in the context of the movie What are some themes here that are still current in popular culture Representations of black artists in jazz VIDEO Shine by Louis Armstrong Httpwwwvoutubecomwatchvdemw6iKdYM In the long term Shine is not what Armstrong was remembered for The movie shows clear racism against African American and some African American blamed Louis Armstrong but if we only listen to the music he played it is great And in the long run he was remembered as a great singer not a racist LISTEN West End Blues 1928 quotMainstreamingquot of iazz Moral debate about jazz continues Tin Pan Alley style LISTEN My Blue Heaven 1927 Paul Whiteman the King ofJazz LISTEN Side by Side 1927 Compare to King Oliver etc Tembre quality was very smooth and organized and voice was uni ed Harmony Role of a composer was important because music players had to be aware of the compositions before they play African Americans represented themselves more and more as time passed by What qualities de ne the blues repetitive cathartic bluesy melody sharp at notes 12bar blues harmonic progression songs of heartbreak sorrow difficulties smoky barlounge Classic Blues Sophie Tucker Jewish Vaudeville star sang blues Mamie Smith quotCrazy Bluesquot 1920 for Okeh records Recording arranged by black AampR man Perry Bradford Sold 75000 copies in one month 1 million in a year eventually 2 million watershed point of record selling New era of black selfrepresentation in popular music Ma Rainey quotQueen of the Bluesquot b in Columbus Georgia 1886 Bessie Smith quotEmpress of the Bluesquot b 1888 in Tennessee amboyant personality and performing charisma achieved movie fame even after classic blues recordings were out Racist imagery persists in blues marketing LISTEN quotMama s Got the Bluesquot Bessie Smith Form Blues qualities BLUES What qualities de ne the blues Repetitive cathartic bluesy melody sharp at notes articulation 12bar blues harmonic progression Songs of heartbreak sorrow dif culties Smoky barlounge Voice and instrument answer each other call and response AAB text form Classic Blues quotRace Recordsquot LISTEN quotMama s Got the Bluesquot Bessie Smith Form strophic AAB text 12bar blues harmonic progression Blues qualities make sure you understand 12bar blue harmonic progression in this song There are different forms harmonic form structure form eg AAB and texture form eg strophic Women singing blues Sexually assertive roles not possible for men because of white censorship Within black community these women asserted themselves as independent sexually and in terms of travel LISTEN quotSt Louis Bluesquot fr Movie 1929 c WC Handy quotFather of the Bluesquot Louis Armstrong on cornet lst great star ofjazz Form A 12bar blues aab text A 12bar blues aab text B 16bar progression A 12bar blues Changes to 16bar or 8 bar blues form but then comes back to 12bar blues form Last verse was not AAB Country Blues Classic blues commercial success inspires eld recordings search for quotthe sourcequot in rural South in late 19205 Men Guitarists also harmonica Solo performance Relation of blues to other black music genres Dance music Field hollers work songs Worship music eg spirituals shouts moans LISTEN quotDark was the nightquot Blind Willie Johnson What qualities of blues does this have Voice and instrument imitate each other Sorrow melody articulation LISTEN quotFixin to Die Bluesquot Bukka White musical form Repeated riff cyclical In contrast to the previous song guitar was not imitating danceable text form AAB but not 12bar blues Robert Johnson fr Mississippi travelled a lot died young few recordings an inspiration for a lot of future blues guitarists Guitar technique multivoice bass and chords both slide guitar bottleneck LISTEN Cross Road Bluesquot 162 CD25 How is it similar and different compared to Classic blues Robert Johnson fr Mississippi travelled a lot few recordings and inspiration for a lot of future blues guitarists Guitar technique multivoice bass and chords both slide guitar bottleneck LISTEN Cross Road Bluesquot 162 1936 How is it similar and different compared to Classic blues Similarities 12bar blues harmonic progression AAB text form call and response voice and instrument answer each other bluesy melody Differences irregular meter solo performance guitar accompaniment whereas Classic blues use piano time is different from classic blues of 19205 and cross road blues of 1936 Blues became a major genre and there were many variations of blues quotHILLBILLYquot MUSIC Appalachian music preservation of British Isles repertoire overlay of evangelical Christianity and sharing wAfrican Americans Dance tunes ballads and religious songs US map String band LISTEN quotSoldier sJoyquot Gil Tanner and the Skillet Lickers howwhere do you imagine people heard this music radio introduction part has the characteristic of radio radio barn dance shows Instrumentation ddle bass guitar banjoinfluence of popular culture Radio quotWireless communicationquot patented in 1896 by Guglielmo Marconi 1920 rst commercial station in Pittsburgh KDKA quotRadio Barn Dancequot shows live performance National Barn Dance on WLS in Chicago from 1924 Gran Ole Opry 1925 in Nashville quotBorder blastersquot Records First recordings in Atlanta in 1923 byproduct of Okeh s search for black talent Growing radio business as well as race records eld searches lead to 39discovery of white country musicians in latter 19205 Ill Early Paradigms for Country Music Carter Family and Traditional Valuesquot AP quotDocquot and wife Sara sisterinlaw Maybelle First recorded on Victor expedition to Bristol Virginia in 1927 Songs of home family and religious faith quottraditionalquot values Simple instrumentation guitars form and harmony Vocal harmonies LISTEN Can the Circle be Unbrokenquot Form Verse and Chorus true chorus multiple singers Texture Homophony chorus part singing in harmony verse with guitar accompanying Theme of earthly suffering contrasted with reward in the afterlife Lyrics is very sad mom dying and scene of funeral Life is dif cult but we ll be rewarded in the afterlife Jimmie Rodgers the Singing Brakemanquot Recorded on same trip as Carter Family in 1927 Country s lst big star Born in Mississippi but traveled a lot as musician LISTEN quotWaiting for trainquot What is innovative about this yodeling New Orleans style jazz steel guitar Hawaiian guitar played by Hawaiian Swiss yodeling was quite popular sang by immigrants at Vaudeville performances Changing image of country music with western movies Legions of Boom Filipino American Mobile D Crews in the San Francisco Bay Area Oliver Wang Guest Speaker A DJparty scene in the Bay Area Late 39705 early 39905 Predominantly Filipino American 100 crews 10005 of participants and fans A de ning cultural activity for a generation of youth Mobile Disc Jockey Crews Provide audio and lighting services for parties and events The crew structure came about partially by necessity I Audiolighting equipment records are heavy Music Styles FunkDisco hiNRG New Wave Electro Freestyle dance HipHop Social Preconditions to the Mobile Scene Preconditions are not causal forces I A precondition 1 Development of nonstop disco mixingquot Continuous seamless mix DJs buildlessen intensity creating an immersive experience I Collective effervescencequot Durkheim Mixing style in uenced the growth of disco records which then lead to 2 National expansion of discotheques and disco culture Saturday Night Fever 1977 Point of exposure for nonstop disco mixing styles 3 The fourth wavequot of Filipino American immigration Bene ciaries of the 1965 Immigration Act I Highskill professionals though underemployed in the US labor market I High use of quotfamily reuni cation clause of the Act I 20000 entering the US annually Initial arrival working class central city neighborhoods l Secondary migration Middle class suburban neighborhoods and cities I Postwar boom in the construction and availability of affordable singlefamily housing in Bay Area The SuburbanCity Corridor Movement of cultural ideas from the city suburbs l Transformation and repurposing of suburban spaces into urban entertainment and cultural spaces 9 Personal home and garages 9 School auditoriums 9 Church halls and community centers Sound Explosion Founded 1978 San Francisco Balboa HS Founder of the mobile DJs Social Forces In uencing Expansion Combination of I Incentives 9 Economic capital 9 Socialcultural capital l Supportinfrastructure O Familycommunity network Incentives Economic Capital DJing was a way for teenagers to earn legitimate income I it beat ipping burgersquot I Entrepreneurial auraFamily approved Money reinvested into equipment records and gear I Helped to build a crew s reputation Incentives culturalsocial capital Center of attention at parties Earned esteem from peers and family I like the star quarterbackquot Possibilities of sexual reward I quotwe wanted to see what the private school girls were likequot Community support infrastructure Most crews came from middle class families who could provide l Initial investment for audiolighting equipment I Logistical support 9 Storage 9 Transportation I Venues singlefamily homes w garages Families provided referrals for gigs Within Filipino familycommunity life DJs could be hired for I Birthday parties I Garage parties I Debuts I Weddings et aI For a beginning crew these gigs provide crucial quotstartupquot capital quotI m Chinese American but I grew up in Daly City so I m pretty much honorary Filipino Just from the culture itself since I m an outsider maybe I can see it differently They have a lot more parties than Chinese folks I can tell you that They have debuts they have christenings you name itquot As an immigrant community Filipino Americans created and maintained strong social ties via I Extended family networks I Regional origin organizations I Student and church organizations DJing may or may not have been more quotculturally attractivequot to Filipino youth Many other ethnic groups had their own mobile crew scenes But Structurally Filipino youth had communitybased advantages that in uenced longevity and popularity Step by Step Community building in the show case era From 198393 large scale multicrew performances were assembled These were known as showcases Showcases and battles began by inviting crews from the same neighborhoods By inviting crews from different neighborhoods you drew fans from other parts of town too I The wider the geography the higher potential for turnout Bay Area s physical geography contributes to population dispersal l The Filipino American community ended up in relatively distant pockets 9 Average distance by car between any one center from another was 40 min or more 9 By public transit 12 hours away Few activities created opportunities for Filipino youth to cross between these neighborhoodsexcept for music I First discotheques then the mobile parties Legacies Attending DJ events created a shared social experience in an environment designed to foster unity and connection I Simon Frith quotsocial groups only get to know themselves as groups as a particular organization of individual and social interests of sameness and difference through cultural activityquot In other words the Filipino youth community did not create the DJ scene so much as the DJ scene created a Filipino youth community Filipino American mobile DJing Filipino American scratch DJing Most bay area scratch DJs of the 19905 began as mobile DJs in the 19805 By the early 19905 those scratch DJs dominated the world stage Historically American society has treated Filipinos as racially ambiguous and marginal 9 quotno one knew what a Filipino wasquot I Absence of popular mediaculture role models or even representation Djing and Filipinoness have becomes synonymous I Which de ned which For more info visit leqionsofboomcom Movie Louis Armstrong Nothing special
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