Psychology 105 Notes
Psychology 105 Notes Psych 105- Intro to Psychology
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Psych 105- Intro to Psychology
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Emma Silverman on Monday April 20, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Psych 105- Intro to Psychology at Washington State University taught by Jessica Higginbotham in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 98 views. For similar materials see Psych 105 in Psychlogy at Washington State University.
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Date Created: 04/20/15
41315 Psvcholoov Disorders Chapter 14 QUESTION ON UPCOMING EXAM How do you get in contact with counseling services WSU Counseling Services Free to WSU students Individual and group 5093354511 Counseling and Testing Services 280 Lighty Student Services Building Psvcholoqical Mental Disorders Patterns of behavioral or psychological symptoms that 1 Cause significant personal distress 2 lmpair ability to function 3 Depart from social and cultural norms Four D s of Abnormality Deviance deviate from social norms Dysfunction inability to function Distress subjective distress experienced from individual Danger danger to yourself or others PWNT Psychopathology Study of origins symptoms and development of psychological disorders DSM5 Diagnostic and Statistic Manual of Mental Disorders 1952 lt1OO disorders Now gt 300 Limitations normal Arbitrary cutoffs Lack of cultural diversity About how likely is it that an individual will develop a psychological disorder in their lifetime Less than 5 About 10 About 25 About 50 Powgt Prevalence Women more susceptible 59 of people with symptoms of a mental disorder received no treatment in the past year Kessler 2005 Lifetime prevalence of 13 to 18 year ods Lifetime Prevalence 463 of 1318 year ods Lifetime Prevalence of Severe Disorder 214 of 1318 year ods have a severe disorder My Tension apprehension worry Physiological and psychological arousal Fight or flight Normal and adaptive Anxietv Disorders Maladaptive Most common psychological disorder 1 Irrational 2 Uncontrollable 3 Disruptive General Anxietv Disorder GAD Persistent chronic and excessive apprehension At least 6 months Removal of one worry is quickly replaced by another Occurs in 2x more women than men Panic attack Sudden episode of extreme anxiety Pounding heart rapid breathing breathlessness choking or suffocating sensation weakness dizziness sweating or chills chest pain lack of control feeling of impending death Panic Disorder Frequence and unexpected occurrence of panic attacks Agoraphobia Fear of places and situations that might cause panic helplessness or embarrassment m 1 Deviance 2 Dysfunction 3 Distress 4 Danger 13 o experience a specific phobia during their lifetime Classical conditioning Observational learning Biological preparedness Specific Phobias Situational Natural features Injury doctors Animals insects PostTraumatic Stress Disorder PTSD Persistent and chronic symptoms of anxiety develop in response to extreme physical andor psychological trauma 1 Frequently recalls the event intrusive 2 Avoids stimuli that trigger memories numbing or emotional responsiveness 3 Increased physical arousal associated with anxiety Increased susceptibility Family history of psychological disorders Magnitude of trauma Multiple traumas Obsessive Compulsive Disorder OCD Obsessions Repeated intrusive irrational thoughts causing extreme anxiety or distress Compulsions Repetitive behaviors or mental acts that are performed to prevent or reduce anxiety Either or both Which of these fall under global chronic anxiety General Anxiety Disorder Panic disorder Phobia PTSD OCD IT39PQFU 41515 An overwhelming disruptive fear of snakes would be A General Anxiety Disorder Panic Disorder Phobia PTSD OCD W999 Persistent Panic Attack General Anxiety Disorder Panic Disorder Phobia PTSD OCD WPQF Mood Affective Disorders Significant and persistent disruptions in mood or emotions cause impaired cognitive behavioral and physical functioning Major Depression Extreme and persistent feeling of sadness worthlessness and hopelessness causing impaired emotional cognitive behavioral and physical functioning Emotional Symptoms Sadness hopelessness emptiness Emotionally disconnected Turning away from others Behavioral Symptoms Dejected facial expressions Less eye contact Smiles less often Slowed movement speech gestures Spontaneous crying Loss of interest Withdrawal from social activities Cognitive Symptoms Difficulty thinking concentrating remembering Global negativity Suicidal thoughts or preoccupation with death Physical Symptoms Changes in appetite resulting in weight lossgain Insomnia oversleeping Vague but chronic aches and pains Low sex drive Loss of energy Anxiety Restlessness Grieving 2 months Seasonal Affective Disorder SAD Dysthymic Disorder Low grade feelings of depression that produce subjective discomfort but do not seriously impair function Bipolar Disorder Manic episodes Rapidly escalating emotional state with extreme euphoria excitement physical energy and rapid thoughts Major depression Explaining Mood Disorders Genetics Brain chemistry Stress Psychological components Eating Disorders Serious amp maladaptive disturbance in eating behavior 9095 occur in females Why Anorexia Nervosa 1 Refusal to maintain a minimally normal body weight 15 o below normal Slow progression 2 Fear of gaining weight 3 Body dysmorphic disorder 4 Denial of seriousness of weightloss Dangers of Anorexia Malnutrition Decreased metabolism glucose insulin leptin hormonal levels Disrupted menstruation sex drive and function Increased lanugo very fine soft hairpeach fuzz body is trying to stay warm Bulimia Nervosa Recurring episodes of binge eating Excessive amounts within a 2hour period up to 50000 cal Inability to stop or control eating behavior Recurrent episodes of purging laxatives diuretics vomiting enemas etc Dangers of Bulimia Disruptions in electrolyte balance Muscle cramps irregular heartbeat cardiac disruptions Tooth decay gum disease Gldysfunction What causes eating disorders Decreased 5HT Chemical imbalance Family interactions Cultural factors 150 years Predominantly western culture Personality Disorders lnflexible maladaptive patterns of thoughts emotions behavior and interpersonal functioning Occur in about 10 in people Often the person would say There s nothing wrong with me The Clusters Odd eccentric paranoid schizoid schizotypal Dramatic emotional erratic antisocial borderline histrionic narcissistic Anxious fearful avoidant dependent obsessivecompulsive
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