Science of the Sexes (Video notes)
Science of the Sexes (Video notes) EDP 301
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Texana Sonnefeld on Friday April 24, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to EDP 301 at University of Arizona taught by Heidi Burross in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 991 views. For similar materials see Child development in Educational Psychology at University of Arizona.
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Date Created: 04/24/15
4242015 Science of the Sexes Video Notes Test of when infants are separated from mothers 0 Boys solitary try to push the barrier down physically 0 Girls call on others to help her Estrogen and Testosterone Experiment 3 year olds o Dolls arm falls off I Girls tries to repair saw that she was responsible for it wants teacher to help her women are more sympathetic I Boys laughed not trying to repair do not find himself responsible 8yearold on the street alone 0 74 people walked by 0 Women showed more empathic behaviors 7 women stopped and 1 called the police 0 There were no stops from men Chemical reason for empathy of women 0 More oxytocin to care for their children and show empathy towards others Does evolution hold the key for differences among men and women 0 Highlands of Tanzania small 750 person tribe some of the last huntergatherers on earth 0 By Helen Fisher 0 Women scavenger for fruits and vegetables men find meat and honey from bees nests 0 Women are center of society 80 of meal providing excel in language use language as a tool helped in child rearing tell stories spread news women who talked survived those who didn tdied out 0 Need to survive specialized skills of men and women 0 Tests I Ages 612 I 12 year olds asked to write as many quotBquot words as they could girls 34 words better at verbal ability boys 25 words I 6 year olds asked to stack blocks boys found difficult less patience than girls testosterone provides strength but also creates more energy and less patience girls were more careful I CAH congenital adrenal hyperplasia girls that produce more testosterone ambiguous reproductive system showing similar characteristics to males like to plays with boys more on average and play with boy toys She takes estrogen pills and has had corrective surgery affects her weight She is good at math Plays with boys more than girls 0 Asked twenty 12yearolds to draw bicycles I Boys have natural advantage better at engineering mechanical skills and geometry skills were better at drawing the bicycle 0 Male brain is more compartmentalized and lateralized I Becomes more specialized in the womb I Estrogen help connect the two sides of the brain happens in boys and girls but girls have more so it is more in girls Corpus callosum is 10 thicker in girls than boys I Boys are better at focusing on a single task while girls have trouble with this but girls are better at seeing the bigger picture 0 Physiological differences I 600 children 1218 Boys throwing red bags girls have yellow 0 Boys were ahead of the girls starting at age 11 and this has the same pattern as they get older boys lock their wrists when they through and have longer forearms 0 Sex hormones I 5 year old boys asked to approach a girl classmate same difference between sexes a foot apart from each other I Same asked of 9 year olds and 12 year olds way different neither age would approach the girl classmate within 7 feet from another I Adolescence makes one turn inward focusing on themselves boys and girls are more selfaware especially on appearance sex hormones affecting their behavior personalities all based on chemicals inside you 0 Puberty I When girls enter puberty estrogen kicks in when you reach about 110 pounds there is more fat appearing on her body Can read other s emotions well Socially skilled people good at forming deep meaningful relationships I When boys enter puberty testosterone does the opposite affect risktaking broaden shoulders strength voice drops Less emotionally expressive except angercould be due to the compartmentalization of the brain Not good about reading other s emotions 0 Genes I Genes that in uence finger length and those that in uence ovaries and testes are the same Short ring fingers is a sign of low testosterone High Estrogen and short ring finger suggests more risk for breast cancer more strong the higher the chance 24 hands were photocopied of soccer players 0 6 were international players 0 He picked 4 out of the 6 by looking at their ring fingers assuming his testosterone theory is correct I Testosterone affects right side of the brain decision making risktaking spatial reasoning o Maturity I Girls and boys are as different as they have ever been 9 How to attract and understand each other will take them the rest of their lives to do figure out Overall gender differences U H E Boys Girls Chemical Sex Testosterone levels are Estrogen levels are higher Hormones higher than estrogen than testosterone Behavior More physically aggressive Empathetic due to oxytocin Characteristics show more anger good at chemical in the brain high Emotions math have good verbal skills have patience engineering geometry and can focus on a task for longer mechanical skills less periods of time patient hyperactive lots of energy Evolution Men hunted more dangerous Women collected fruit and things like meat and vegetables raised children retrieved honey from used language as their tool beehives Brain More compartmentalized Two sides of the brain are and lateralized can focus on more connected due to a single task well not good higher levels of estrogen at multitasking corpus callosum region that connects the two sides of the brain is 10 thicker in girls than boys girls can multitask have trouble focusing on just one task Physiological Longer arms and legs Have more fat on their body stronger faster typically shorter than males have better endurance Puberty Broadening of shoulders Socially skilled have lots of more strength grow taller friends good at forming risktaking voice drops less deep meaningful emotionally expressive relationships can read except anger not good at other s emotions well reading other s emotions Genes Short ring fingers compared High levels of estrogen and a to pointer finger suggest a short ring finger suggest sign of low testosterone more risk for developing theory more testosterone breast cancer more estrogen protects against increases risk cardiovascular problems Maturity Boys and girls are as different as they have ever been The focused task is how to attract a mate and understanding one another this goes on for the rest of boy s and girl s lives
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