Music 15 Week 4 notes PLUS STUDY GUIDE
Music 15 Week 4 notes PLUS STUDY GUIDE
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Date Created: 04/25/14
Music 15 Music Appreciation Week 4 Beethoven The Gamechanger Day 1 0 AnnouncementReminders O O O O Midterm Next Tuesday in class Study guide posted today Worth 40 points Be prepared for I Listening questions ID composer and title basic information about the piece I Term definition example of the term and one additional piece of information about the word I Short answer fillin a few sentences I One essay Ludwig van Beethoven 0 How is this different from the height of the classical period 0 A lot more emotion dynamic 0 There s no rift like in the classical period 0 1770 1827 0 Born in Bonn Germany 0 Transitional figure bridges Classical and Romantic 0 Freelance composer no permanent patron 0 He had steady work 0 Fiercely independent and slightly antisocial 0 Don t need to memorize but his works 0 O O O 9 symphonies 32 piano sonatas 5 piano concertos 1 opera 0 Also a performer 0 Early 1990s movie made Immortal beloved 0 Beethoven s Three Periods O O 0 Early Period 1770 1802 I In the footsteps of Haydn and Mozart Middle Heroic period 803 1814 I Bolder more personal style I Heiligenstadt Testament 1802 0 Admits to being deaf and wanting to kill himself but doesn t I Theme of heroic struggle against adversity I Longer weightier works Late period 1815 1827 I More experimental music unusual for time I More introspective and personal 0 Sonata a multimovement instrumental work usually 3 or 4 for one instrument or a small ensemble 0 Beethoven Sonata no 8 in C minor op 13 Pathetique 0 179798 0 Often wrote in C minor during this period 0 Beginning to break rules of Classical period 0 Second movement Adagio cantabile 0 Symphony no 7 0 Written between 181 1 and 1812 o Premiered in December 1813 o Emphasis on rhythm esp in movement ii I Theme and variations 0 Used in the King s Speech Late Beethoven 1815 1827 0 1818 Completely deaf 0 Family issues 0 Napo1eon s defeat 1815 9 Postwar depression amp governmental oppression in Austria 0 Musical implications 0 Large works more difficult to produce 0 Beethoven s music 9 More introspective intimate experimental 0 The music More difficult in terms of playing and understanding strange Back to the Baroque emphasis on fugue More religious Contrast with large public works mass 9th Concentration on music different than what he wrote before 0 Late String Quartets o Wrote quarters in all 3 periods 0 5 late quartets o Emphasis on human voice 0 String Quartet Op 130 in B at Major mvt 5 Cavatina o Broke rules 56 0 Ends with a fugue OOOOO o Cavatina movement 5 evokes specific type of simple aria o In uenced heavily by operavocals 0 The 9th 0 Idea 1819 written 1823 1824 0 Completely unprecedented I Length I Inclusion of choruses 0 Text Schiller I Themes of freedom brotherhood Terms 0 Used socially for many people emotional Music Appreciation Study Guide Renaissance means rebirth Humanism Increased interest in life and human value vs Medieval focus on religion and afterlife CounterReformation Protestant Reformation reaction to corruption in the Catholic Church Giovanni Perluigi da Palestrina Saved polyphony wrote Gloria Pope Marcellus Mas s Mass sacred church music that put texts used in church to music Ottaviano Petrucci invented printed music Madrigal Won t be on the test secular music Jacques Arcadelt famous for madrigals I1 bianco John Farmer Fairy Phyllis Baroque Era embellished style of music that started from the birth of opera to the death of bach Basso continuo A baroque music ensemble containing 1 chordal instrument e g harpsichord and 1 bass melody instrument e g cello Opera staged presentation with actors singers plot costumes and props Aria A song for solo voice with orchestral accompaniment generally expressing intense emotion Recitative Singing that sounds more like a dialogue than a song George Frederic Handel internationally famous writer best known for OperaOratorios Guilio Cesare Librettist A person who writes the text or script of an opera which a composer sets to music Da capo aria A type of aria that is organized in three parts A B A Oratorio sacred unstaged version of an opera Johann Sebastian Bach composer Fugue A form in which one or more melodic themes are developed through carefully controlled imitative polyphony Music amp the Reformation changes made to music by Martin Luther with canatas and chorales so that the people could be more involved in church Martin Luther introduced canatas Wanted everyone to be able to understand the texts german instead of latin Chorale German hymn tune in the Lutheran tradition Protestant integrated texts people sung back the texts Cantata multiple movements used in Lutheran services chorale but not sung Classical Period political and social transitions with music that relied heavily on forms Form The design and organization of a musical work based on the repetition contrast and variation found in its overall structure Franz Josef Haydn symphonies operas quartets Chamber music string quartets are a type of chamber music played in an intimate setting one player one part 0 String quartet type of chamber music 2 violins 1 viola 1 cello 0 Theme amp variations single theme for variations typical of classical period repeated theme 0 Symphony large work for orchestra usually 5 movements 0 Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart child prodigy wrote many operas symphonies 0 Libretto text set to music 0 Ludwig van Beethoven broke rules went deaf changed classical style 0 Beethoven s Three Periods early middle late 0 Heiligenstadt Testament beethoven s suicide note to his brother that he never carried out where he admitted to going deaf Music Pieces Song Title Type of Composer Time Period Place Sacred or Points of Significance Music Performed Secular Gloria Mass Palestrina Renaissance Church Sacred Saved polyphony Il bianco Madrigal Arcadelt Renaissance Secular Word painting Fair Phyllis Madrigal Farmer Renaissance Secular Lowkey innuendos Messiah Oratorio Handel Baroque Theater or Sacred Rejoice Church Greatly Giulio Cesare Opera Handel Baroque Theater Secular RecitativeAria Piangero Pianogero Canata no Canata J S Bach Baroque Church Sacred 140 IIV Little Fugue Fugue J S Bach Baroque Secular The Magic Opera Mozart Classical Theater Secular Flute String Haydn Classical Quartet Surprise Symph Haydn Classical Symphony Jupiter Symph Mozart Classical Pathetique Symph Beethoven Classical Symphony Symph Beethoven Classical no 7 Section Three Short Answer 10 points 0 You will be asked to answer questions relating to composer biography historical context terms and the pieces from GauchoSpace 0 Questions will be varied but may be fillintheblank or short answer 23 sentences Section Four Essay 5 points You will be asked to answer one of the following five questions on the exam Your answer should be 58 sentences in length and include the title and composer of the pieces you use as examples Be sure you read the questions carefully and answer all of the required questions in order to get full credit 1 What was the Council of Trent and what impact did it have on music in the Renaissance You should mention at least one work and its composer a Group of Catholic clergymen that tried to fix the corruption in the Catholic church b In response to the Protestant Reformation c They wanted to make the music simpler Palestrina 2 Discuss the social function of the madrigal citing at least one example a Madrigal secular music for amateurs short acapella For entertainment social events b Fair PhyllisIl bianco 3 We looked at two major composers from the Baroque era Bach and Handel Compare the lives and careers of these two composers citing biographical details and discuss at least one piece by each a Handel i German ii Trained in Italy iii Lived in England iv Known for operas and English oratorios v Internationally famous during his lifetime b Bach i German ii Trainedlived in Germany iii Known for instrumental works and cantatas iv Never famous during his lifetime 4 Describe the aesthetics of the classical era How did music of this period re ect these ideals Discuss at least one example from class and be sure to cite the composer and title a Balance symmetry grace b Music forms become very important c Example emperor A A A A Haydn
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