Notes over religion and politics
Notes over religion and politics SOC-S100
Popular in SOC-S100
verified elite notetaker
Popular in Sociology
This 7 page Class Notes was uploaded by Maddie Franciskovich on Wednesday April 29, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SOC-S100 at Indiana University taught by Peter Lista in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 220 views. For similar materials see SOC-S100 in Sociology at Indiana University.
Reviews for Notes over religion and politics
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 04/29/15
RELIGION IN AMERICA I RELIGION IN AMERICA eric saville A Defining religion 2 1 a system of symbols which acts to establish powerful pervasive and longlasting moods and morivations in men by formulating conceptions of a general order of existence g Geertz 1937 2 a set of beliefs adhered to by the members of a community which incorporate symbols together with ritual practices a does not mention a god B Elements of Religion 1 Religion is a form of culture a Similar to culture as is also obtains values norms practices 2 Religious beliefs take the form of ritualized practicesquot which can be used to identify a Different practices for different groupsreligions 3 Religion provides meaning and insulates individuals from the terror of an unordered world berger a Giving people a purpose for their existence According to this definition what belief systems might we define as religions even though we might not think of them as religions Why do they fit the definition i Sports teams have practices symbols ii Political parties have symbols and beliefs 1 Belief a Ex There is a god 2 Behavior a Ex how often do you pray read scripture meditate 3 Belonging a Ex what you consider yourself to be your identity jewish Christian catholic conservative liberal etc D Religious organizations a Christianity 42915 958 PM b Judaism c Islam d Hindu a Catholics b Baptists c Methodists a First united b Sherwood oaks IITHEORIES OF RELIGION a the sense that one s own abilities as a human are being taken over by other entities a Called religion the opium of the massesquot meaning that religion gives elites the tools to placate or pacify the workingclass 1 Studied the elementary formsquot of religion by applying Australian aboriginal societies to western religions 2 Social World is split into two things 9 sacred and profane i that which inspires attitudes of awe or reverence among believers i describing that which belongs to the mandate everyday worldquot 1 The protestant ethic and the spirit of Capitalism a Historicalcomparative study of world religions and their longterm effects on economics Protestantism especially worldy asceticismquot helped bring capitalism to the United States and the west a Martin Luther Lutheranism b John Calvin Calvinism c These ideologies are what spurred capitalism in the united state Karl marx conflict theory Emile durkeim 9 functionalism Max weber 9 rationalization a What differentiates bw these theories What makes marx s ideas a conflict theory How is durkeims focus on sacredprofane functional Where does rationalization fit in webers study of religion POLITICS IN AMERICA 42915 958 PM I POLITICS IN AMERICA A Definitions a A group who shares a common identity including a shared culture language and feelings of belonging i Native americans a a political apparatus ruling over a given territorial order whose authority is backed by law and the ability to use forcequot Giddens 2014 i Vatican a a particular type of state in which governments have sovereign power within defined territorial areas and populations are citizens who know themselves to be part of a single nationquot Giddens 2014 i the US B Theories of Politics a In largescale societies like the US democratic participation is necessarily limited to the regular election of political leaders b Representative democracies are perfectly designed for the governance of large groups of citizens i Bureaucracy a View voters and politicians as rational actors who choose the best option from various choices b A voter will vote for the politician who holds the view closest to the voters own view c Politicians will tend to take more centrist views thus ensuring a larger pool of potential voters a Small group of individuals who hold a concentrated disproportionate amount power in modern society i Politics ie fed Gov ii Economics Ie corporations iii Military b Recent scholarship by Gilens and page suggest that the US is actually an oligarchy with elites rf GUEST LECTURE OVER RELIGION 42915 958 PM I Overview A Civil Religion a more broad spectrum of religion 1 Examples a In the constitution it states that there can not be a national religion b In God We Trustquot on the dollar bill c president swears on the bible d One nation under Godquot in the pledge of allegiance 2 God in this case does not apply to just one religion it is more of a broad term referring to all religious aspects in the US all religions 3 the idea of god and our nation have kind of blended over time making them almost equal 4 religions across America have a pattern that reflects the pattern on immigration B Sects religious movements that break away from orthodox 1 Politics deciding who gets whatquot a American deciding who gets to decide who gets what i Institutionalized politics built into the system ii Social movements concerned with everything outside institutionalized politics create change C Rise of the New Christian Right 9 major change 1 Three factors contributing to movements a Grievances frustrations with society b Heightened mobilizing efforts c Increase in group resources 2 Increase in group resources a Opportunities and infrastructure superchurch or megachurches selfcontained communities D Judeochristian similar values beliefs common history E Rise of the Nones 1 Rise in people who claim themselves to be nonreligious a Atheist no belief in higher power b Agnostic unsure c Nothing in particular no sense of belonging many fewer i Why Because of the rise of religious right Politically liberal but still believes in God9 abandons beliefs or feels that no longer have a sense of belonging 2 Atheists in the United States
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'