A Case Study in Culture, Conflict, And Repair April 15, 2015
A Case Study in Culture, Conflict, And Repair April 15, 2015 ANTH 1002
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Estefania Notetaker on Sunday May 3, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ANTH 1002 at George Washington University taught by Sarah Wagner in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 147 views. For similar materials see Introductions to Sociocultural Anthropology in anthropology, evolution, sphr at George Washington University.
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Date Created: 05/03/15
A Case Study in Culture Con ict And Repair April 12 2015 Background of the Bosnian War 0 1 million people were forcibly displaced and 100000 killed in the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina 19921995 0 Some 30000 ofthe 10000 were missing and whose remains were not recovered identified and returned to their surviving kin 0 These people s faith has not been determined The society needs closure and desires to quotknow where he liesquot 0 Three peoples 9 I Bosniacs Bosnian Muslims in their ethno religious identity They don t necessarily practice the religious but they identify socially Bosnia ad Herzegovina I Bosnia Serbs Republika Srpsk I Bosnian Croats Croatian states 0 Post Con ict 9 I Displacement disorder lost I quotClosurequot problematic term 9 Simply getting remains of a lost one does not close that grieve 0 Ethnic con ict and forced migration I Ethnic group people who share certain belief values habits and norms because of their common background Distinctions may arise from language religion historical experience geography placement kinship etc Ethnic groups often have a collective name belief in common descent a sense of solidarity and an association with a specific territory which they may or may not hold I Ethnicity identification with and feeling part of ethnic group and exclusion from certain other groups because of this affiliation I Two distinctions Ethnonational has to do with nationality Bosniac Ethnoreligious has to do with religion Bosnian Muslim 0 Pre war ethnic composition I Pre war9 heterogeneous 1991 I Post war 9 homogeneous 2006 I Change in composition tells you how held power In this case it was Bosnian Serbs This power meant that it cleaned territory in order to control territory Cleanse nonSerb population I Ethnic Cleansing term often applied in Bosnia to describe the forcible removal of an ethnic population Bosnian Serb forces attempted to expel all nonSerb populations from eastern Bosnia in the spring 1992 International media labeled it a campaign of quotethnic cleansingquot referring to wisedspread killing rape and forced expulsion as the destruction of property including homes schools businesses and religious sites Our focus Drina River and Srebrenica o The UN safe area of Srebrenica Bosnia and Herzegovina Set up in Srebrenica One of five enclaves of refuges Controlled by friendly forces UN in trying to make peacekeeping happen Bosnia and Herzegovina is part of larger context 0 Intervention tried and failed 0 After end of Cold War no longer a political refugee but rather a rhetoric of containment 1993 Set up International Tribunal and Safe Areas Ethnic cleansing 9 not only about the people being exterminated and removed but also their cultural heritage Srebrenica execution rates At least 1000 were killed in the Kravica agricultural warehouse Between 800 and 2500 were killed in Orahovac after detention in the nearby Grvaci school Over 100 were killed at Petkovci Dam Over 1000 were killed at Kozluk Between 1000 and 2000 were killed at the Brankevo Military Farm and the Pilica Cultural Center Primary mass graves 9 perpetrators went back dug up and scattered mass graves to hide the evidence Srebrenica is one event that has been determined to be genocide Genocide is the deliberate and systematic destruction in whole or in part of an ethnic racial religious or national group Genocide even if done in part In the con ict only men were targeted However it was the most powerful part of the society In a patrilineal society it was destroying the order of an entire society Raphael Lemkin coined the term genocide in 1944 and drafted the Convention on the Prevention and punishment of the Crime of Genocide Among the Srebrenica missing were men in their eighties and boys as young as twelve years old A day in the Life of Frazen Erdemobic 0 They Would Never Hurt a Fly Slavenka Over 1900 individuals directly or indirectly took part of it How do you hold it accountable You can t but you start at the stop General Ratko Mladic 9 leader in charge of creating systematic killing 0 Commemoration dates 9 July 13 the women visit the Srebrenica detention and execution sites July 11 commemoration of Bosniac genocide July 12 commemoration of Bosnian Serbs o Pilicia Cultural Center Glossary Execute another 500 people 9 The building is a existing remainder Sitting in this company so indi erent or maybe scarred or whatever and asking myself what it is that prevents normal human beings from doing their moral duty and testijjing about a crime was the most horrijjing experience of my life I was greatly Srebrenica but it was the visit to Pilica that upset me in particular since I saw that a monument to dead Serb soldiers has been erected in from of the Culture Center These men had died for their cause believing in what they were doing but it was highly arrogant to erect a monument to them in front of the site f one of the most shameful crimes in the whole war in Bosnia Herzegovina I tell you it was the most shocking thin 0 Ethnic group and ethnicity Ethnic group people who share certain belief values habits and norms because of their common background Distinctions may arise from language religion historical experience geography placement kinship etc Ethnic groups often have a collective name belief in common descent a sense of solidarity and an association with a specific territory which they may or may not hold Ethnicity identification with and feeling part of ethnic group and exclusion from certain other groups because of this 0 Ethnic cleansing term often applied in Bosnia to describe the forcible removal of an ethnic population Bosnian Serb forces attempted to expelled all nonSerb populations from eastern Bosnia in the spring 1992 o Genocide is the deliberate and systematic destruction in whole or in part of an ethnic racial religious or national group
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