Comp Studies Class Notes
Comp Studies Class Notes Comparative Studies 3607
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Comparative Studies 3607
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Date Created: 05/04/15
The Club Dumas Notes 04152015 A narrator who is not the protagonist and is telling someone else s story Not a rst person telling of the story Narrator might be leaving out some of the details and putting their own spin on something If the audience knows too much about the narrator they might realize that the novel could be of a biased view The narrator 0 Book critic Book Translator o Exhibits that he is not of the quotHigh Culturequot He is more interested in the popular novel rather than the quothigh culturequot novels classic novels He likes the 19th century writers because their novels were about adventure Judges contemporary writers F He might over dramatize certain events in the story Warns his reader that he may be embellishing the story a bit 0 Why does he give us his name He is establishing who he is which justi es his telling of the story 0 Narrator is telling the story as past events in the present Time is now also a mediator It is his favorite writer Rather than having photos of his family he has a photo of his favorite author He is probably going to tell the story like an adventure serial mirroring his favorite author s style The Protagonist 0 He hunts for rst edition expensive books for rich people who are obsessed with books He does the quotdirty workquot for those who don t want to get their hands dirty Balkan makes Corso seem shady like a drug dealer or loan shark when in reality he is a book hunter He can change his personality when he needs to in various s uanns Each chapter has a title and an epigraph Screams 19th century 0 He is creating an outline for Corso s story When the author shows himherself in the novel 0 Could be an implied author Balkan Imitation o A play or a movie Nobody is narrating the story reporting of events 0 A novel 0 Everything is being reported by a narrator A more mimetic look at the events of a story The idea of a mediated narrative Narrator who is offering a commentary on the events In Club Dumas the narrator does this quite often Physical description of people or places At times the reader needs to consider whether certain points of view are Corso s point of view or Balkan s point of view An example of this is the description of Leona Veracity Truth Wahr True Borgia Family Ruled Italy controlled popes and kings not a very good group of people poisoned people to assert power His name reminds us of truth on one hand and power hungry people on the other hand Readers should be curious about this character and the fact that Corso is hiring him There is The narrator is manipulating us through the narrative Think of the red herring in The Murder of Roger Ackroyd The suicide could be a distraction for the reader Balkan claims that he plays a role within the mystery He knows more than Corso does about the mystery But he decides to keep silent because he likes to play the game All the information that Balkan spits at us is simply a distraction o The other information causes the reader to skip right past lines revealing his admitting that he his playing a game 0 Not only is he manipulating the reader but also the other characters in the book 0 Young girl Corso is interested in her 0 She says herjob is to look after Corso 0 Though they have just met 0 Has someone hired her to look after him Who Corso describes her as quotall of her was lightquot o Is she Lucifer o Lucifer translated means light 0 He was the most beautiful angel before he fell from heaven into the pits of hell 0 Narrator is dropping hints all over the place that lrene is not a girl not a human at all Corso says he prefers Milton s devil in Paradise Lost 0 This devil shakes his st at God and says quotIt s better to reign in hell than serve in heavenquot lrene seems obsessed with the devil and constantly asks Corso about his feelings on the subject o The book talks about him as a person rather than an idea 0 There is much sympathy for Lucifer He wants to come back to heaven 0 He is lonely He is condemned to wander throughout eternity without being able to come home to heaven lrene says that demons devil corrupts people because they don t want to be alone When Corso s shadow becomes consumed by lrene s shadow this symbolizes that Coro is damned to hell o Is this a comment on how the author feels about womenlove Think about Liana s character She has the tattoo of the theif like M lady in the Three Musketeers Melmoth The Wanderer An 18th century novel About a man who sells his soul to the devil in order to attain in nite knowledge and has been wandering for 150 years lrene Adler is reading this novel She says she has been traveling for ages 0 How could she be traveling for ages when she is only 1819 years old 0 She says she is a student sometimes 0 Very weird 0 Author is nudging us and trying to clue us into something about lrene lntertextuality Connections between different books You must have all three of the copies of the book in order to create the real book When you start reading too intertextuality then you become a conspiracy theorists by seeing connections betwee books that don t exist By the end of the novel it is unclear as to who is narrating Corso couldn t complete the ritual because the brothers fabricated one of the pictures Still unclear as to who lrene is Did Corso indeed sell his soul to the Devil Intertextuality Everything is interrelated within a story various other texts or works are being borrowed and used in other works Gives audience background knowledge on the work and gives the audience the ability to compare works Meta ction superfiction There is a series of narratives and every story is a way of spinning off of those original texts Setting 0 During the Great Depression 19305 0 Southern Small Town 0 Town located on a river Opening 0 The music creates a sense of suspense with the loud brass instruments 0 There s a shift from the suspenseful music to a lullaby song about dreaming seems to be sung by children 0 There is a woman who says quotbeware of false profits 0 Then cuts to children playing hide and seek and they discover a body Harry 0 He is our False Pro t 0 He kills women because he thinks that it is quotGod s Workquot 0 He says the Lord hates perfume smelling things aka women 0 Tells Willow and the Spoons that he worked at the jail not that he was a convict Has LOVE and HATE tattooed on his hands Burlesque show 0 Camera cuts to a burlesque show after Harry has his rant about God hating women 0 Camera seems to be looking at the show through a key hole Harry s face has loathing and disgust Camera cuts down to his knuckles that say HATE and he clenches his st Then his blade pops up like an erection John 0 Watches his father be arrested for robbing a bank 0 Scene repeated at the end of the movie but with Harry 0 After Ben s death John becomes like a father gure to Pearl The Court Scene 0 Almost replica scenes with Harry and Ben This associates the two characters 0 The mirror hints toward the fact that Harry takes on the father role to Ben s children Ben John and Pearl s father 0 He killed two men while robbing a bank Says he did this because he was tired of seeing children starving Does this justify his crime Hangman 0 After hanging Ben he comes home to his own wife and kids Obvious remorse for killing Ben lcey Spoon Very old fashioned Says no woman can raise children alone Says Willa needs a man in the house De nitely buys into the sexism of tradition male and female roles Similar ideology as Harry Train scene Falic In many other movies trains represent sex 0 Harry is traveling via train to Willow s town Willa Mother ofJohn and Pearl 0 Widow 0 Falls for Harry Seems to play into the traditional female gender role The wedding night scene 0 Willa s reaction to nding a switchblade in Harry s pocket 0 quotOh menquot with a smile Happy almost domestic music playing 0 Harry scolds Willa for wanting to have sex on their wedding night C Says that sex should only be for procreating Says her body is not meant for the lust of men 0 Willa says she doesn t want anymore children They don t have sex 0 They just sleep in the same bed 0 Willa prays to God to quothelp her get clean so that she can be what Harry wants her to bequot 0 Eventually Willa has completely absorbed Harry s brand of Christianity as well as his view on women in general Cultlike She ends up believing that SHE was actually the corrupting in uence on her late husband 0 Similar to the idea of Eve being the corrupting factor to Adam in the garden of Eden Scene of Willa s death Angles and lighting make the room seem like a steeple ofWi a church Willa is laying in the bed with her arms crossed over her chest like a corpse o Foreshadowing to her death Lighting around Willa s head is much lighter 0 Looks like a halo around her head 0 Again emphasizes the fact that she is going to die Willa has become enlightened of God as well as Harry s true character This is the second time the audience is seeing these two in the bedroom 0 Harry approaches Willa as if he is going to mount her sexually but kills her instead 0 Knife is fallic symbol kids 0 Again association between sex and death Willa in the river 0 Her hair is owing with the plants river weed Music is very fantasy peaceful o The music then fades to Harry singing his hymn Leaning 0 May represent Willa s willingness to quotLeanquot on GodHarry so blindly that resulted in her death 0 Also emphasizes the fact that Harry does all of the evil things that he does because he thinks that it is God s Will Scene of Harry vs the children 0 Harry acts cartoonlike 0 Very over dramatic Shelf lands on his head 0 He makes a very sadcomical face 0 He chases the kids up the stairs with his arms in front of him 0 Like Frankenstien When he gets his ngers stuck in the door his makes a almost cat like howling noise and then proceeds to growl Why does Harry seem cartoonish and ridiculous when he is chasing the o The protagonist is a child 0 John is the only character in the movie who sees through Harry 0 Maybe the idea of a wolf in sheep s clothing 0 Innocence of the children 0 Maybe through the children s eyes he isn t a serial killer but rather a monster from a fairy tale Mrs Cooper who saves the children is like Mother Goose o The woman from the beginning telling the story to the children Flock of geese outside of her home Mother Goose is the collector of lost children She teaches them to be good citizens good children etc o This was the original purpose of Fairy Tales to teach behavioral lessons to children 0 Possibly a good religious in uence on the children as opposed to Harry The symbol of the river 0 John says quotthere s always the riverquot 0 Moses Huck Finn o Historically in American culture it represents the journey adventure safety maturation of experience 0 Animals look worried or protective of the children as they go down the river 0 Civilization and Harry should be feared not nature Certain scenes have a two dimensional look Reinforces the fairy tale idea 0 Scenes look like pictures in a children s book Caged bird Symbolizes thatJohn and Pearl are not quite free from Harry 0 Though it seems as if they have found sanctuary they are still not free from Harry Mrs Cooper sings Harry s hymn Leaning She sings the proper words 0 quotJesus leaning on his everlasting lovequot 0 Old Testament vs New Testament John s reaction to Harry s arrest 0 Arrest evokes memory ofJohn s father s arrest 0 Also reminds John of the responsibility that was placed on him when his father was arrested 0 He hits Harry with the doll lled with money saying quotI don t want this I m too littlequot 0 He is able to release his pent up anger for the crazy situation he has had to deal with as a ten year old boy Reference to quotBlue Beardquot which is another traditional fairy tale Lynch mob chasing Harry through the town with torches and weapons 0 Again associating Harry with Frankenstein Redshirts A low ranking member of a star trek ship 0 These members always die 0 Other colored shirt crew members bluegold never die Original text of this novel metatext is Star Trek Prologue Davis has a moment where he thinks about the future if he ends up dying o This emphasizes the fact that everything in the book is happening for the drama of the show not the well being of the characters 0 He has an epiphany and realizes he is going to try to live rather than follow orders 0 He ends up dying and getting his face eaten 0 Former priest in training but of a religion of another race 0 He knows all of the dialects of this planet and race 0 He goes to academy and studies zenobiology as well as linguistics o The biology of aliens He chooses to be in the Intrepid because they are supposedly doing cutting edge work in zenobiology 0 Come to nd the work they are doing is essentially fake o The magical box that solves all of their problems 0 Essentially just a microwave oven Making fun of the way that the writers of these type of shows lack real creativity Also making fun of the special effects of the original quotSta rTrekquot series 0 Stay out of the script that is being written Don t fall for this trick because you will die Seems to be two universes in this novel 0 Only people that get caught up in the story line are those who die 0 Where does the ctional begin and the real begin Can a narrative of a text have a life of its own outside of the book itself 0 That is the question this book raises At the end of the book we realize it s not the movie they think they are Jimmy Hanson is actually perhaps the writer of a different version of the show In this show the main characters are those below the deck not the captain This introduces a second ctional reality The rst ctional reality is the tv show itself The second ctional reality is the switching of roles between the crew and the captain in being the main character The characters live even after the book is over Compare this to the fact that movies and tv shows will have new seasons that are years later The codas The rst being the one who is writing the TV show 0 He goes through en existential crisis when he realizes that his characters in his scripts are real people somewhere in the univers 0 Simply putting words on the page gives lives to these characters 0 What he does in the text affects their reality The second being the actress who plays Jenkin s wife for one episode in which she had no lines 0 Her name is Samantha Martinez 0 Jenkins sends back to her her own backstory as his wife 0 The third is the coma kid What is scalzi saying about the creative process His conscience is bothering him because his text is affecting the reality of his characters The text is perfect until someone reads it o The author must be able to let go of his creation and accept the fact that his creation has been tainted Life continues on for his characters beyond the narrative he has written for them Denise Hogan says quotWhen it came time to pull the trigger I could never get them the characaters to do itquot Makes it seem as if her characters have free will and can make their own decisions It s as if the characters write themselves If the characters refuse to do the things the author wants them to do then the text falls apart and the author loses this power that we all assume heshe has Passive vs active Passive implies a lack of thought You are simply letting it happen to you Active means that you must engage in thought Reading is active whereas watching Michael Bay movies are passive Other movies force the audience to be active and think about the ideas that are being presented Opening Burning of the Warner Bros logo references the opening of Bonanza Singer of the theme song is famous in the 50 s and 60 s for being the voice of many other Western movies and shows Shows a Chinese man working on the building of the transcontinental railroad 0 At this point the history books left out the Chinese in helping to build the railroad 0 First time that Chinese are getting credit Reversal of the races 0 The white men who are overseeing the blacks are able to outsmart the whites Ex The singing scene on the railroad White man says quotDa Camp Town Ladiesquot Black man says quotThe Camp Town Ladiesquot Meta narratives that the lm is dealing with o The West 0 The Western Film Targets of satire Hollywood amp lm making 0 Us Social morals The Western Film Achetypal characters 0 the hero Strong Silentquiet Masculine Morally upright Shady side but still good Stands by her man who is generally the sheriff Drunken DeputyGun ghter Loyal to the sheriff May or may not be cured of his alcoholism by the sheriff Tends to be wealthy Landowner or Politician Greedy Corrupt Usually gets killed in the end by the sheriff 0 Most all of these characters are Caucasian First time on lm that farts were actually heard Up until this point it was said to be obscene Burps were cool for men not women but de nitely not farting Clearly the most intelligent and sophisticated character in the movie Wears nice clothing gucci Uses proper grammar Drinks wine 0 Up until this point black actors did not have large roles like this o If they had a larger role they were portrayed as the stereotypical slave uneducated African American 0 Uses 70 s black lingo 0 Hip young black dude from the 705 0 Drunken side kick A clich gun ghter who gets weary of everyone challenging him 0 Calls Bart a quotDazzling Urbanite in a rustic settingquot 0 This is a dig at the fact that blacks were never represented in Hollywood western lms though historically many blacks moved west Scene with Bart s family and the Indian Chief Chief is played by Mel Brooks 0 Indian is speaking Yiddish Scene with Bart and Vonschtup Comment on the racial issue of an interracial couple 0 She says quotis it true what they say about your people being giftedquot The femme fatale becomes seduced by our hero Music 0 When MexicansArabs on screen stereotypical music is played 0 Orientalism The way that western culture views the other orient o For years people wrote about these parts of the world based off of no prior knowledge but rather based on folk lore word of mouth stereotypes o This is a comment on how Hollywood represents ethnic people in lm 0 Any time the characters talk to the camera 0 When Hedley says that he is risking an academy award nomination 0 Any items in the movie that are from the modern times rather than the 18005 0 quotThe Fourth Wallquot is breaking down 0 the wall between the ctional world and reality 0 The fact that the fake town they build is essentially a movie set 0 When the blazing saddles characters breaks through the other movie set it is as if the ctional story is continuing though the audience is now aware that it is ctional Scene with Slim Pickins 0 He is now a ctional character that seems to be aware that he is ctional and working for Mel Brooks 0 The fact that Jim is holding popcorn at the very end of the lm 0 Makes audience really question what is reality and ctional Though the two heroes get picked up by a car after riding away from town on their horses they still ride off into the sunset clich A movie about a quotStarTrek like movie Standard theme that none of the main stars would get injured 0 Instead they would always bring a crewman in a red shirt that would get injured or killed 0 The writers of the original show never even noticed they were doing this Hotel in Miami Lobby is covered in hot pink and marble Represents Kyle and how he is tacky in the sense that he is trying to hard New money vs Old money The sweet is very outlandish 0 Has gold everything 0 There are luxurious dresses and purses for the lady o Is this something that kyle always does for the women he likes or is this something that he is only doing for her 0 Kind of creepy Mitch on the other hand does not care about money or ash He has gone to college Had a higher class family Does not dress like he has money One of Kyle s issue is with his masculinity He can t get Lucy pregnant His father has the biggest building in town has a town named after him is a hugely successful business man When his father meets his wife he goes quotI did pretty well didn t I quot 0 Shows that he is looking for approval from his father His rst response is always the outwardly masculine response 0 Like his gun rather than his sts He does this hunching and grabbing of his sts 0 Because he is unable to be a man and ght someone with his sts like Mitch 0 He does this every time something happens that he thinks re ects badly on him as a man 0 Kyle takes the gun and kills the guy that Mitch has just knocked out in order to regain his masculinity At the party the camera goes into the window and is looking down on the people The camera is the audience s eye We are eavesdropping Why do we watch reality tv or soaps Allows audiences to live vicariously through the characters 0 Their lives are more exciting than our own lives The audience feels superior to the characters 0 Our lives may not be going very well but it is going better than the people on screen Schadenfruede Taking pleasure in someone else s pain and suffering Jasper His masculinity is bound up in the size of his oil Derek Lucy She moves from wearing colors that match kyle to colors that match Mitch Follows her shifting feelings toward the two Death ofJasper Auteur Theory When directors have a signature style which breaks from the typical Hollywood controlled style Maralee is doing a frantic dance o Maenad would go into a frenzy which would result in the death of a man Maralee has accomplished her goal of killing her father The ribbon falls off the reeth o The black ribbon follows all the way to Lucy standing in the window wearing not black but green 0 Not morning the death of her father in law Kyle is curled up in a fetal position 0 Not only driven by depression due to his lack of masculinity 0 Now he is weighed down by the guilt of his father s death Though a heart attack killed his dad these issues are due to his stress about his children Each character seems to have a musical theme that plays when they are on screen Mitch and Kyle ght scene Kyle shoots himself on accident when maralee stops him from shooting Mitch He then says quotI ll be down by the river waitingquot Then he collapses 0 Very dramatic Ending Mitch and Lucy ride off into the sunset together leaving Maralee at the estate alone Shot of Maralee looking at them out the window next to the portrait of her father with the oil Derek and then grabs onto the statue of the oil Derek 0 The music is very romantic 0 She is stroking the Derek Symbolizes that she is only left with material things sex beauty money etc Brings up the question of if Maralee has had some weird relationship with her father Her dress and hair is as if she is emulating her father and taking over the family business You may have all the material wealth but in the end you will be alone and hollow on the inside Comment on the materialism that was starting to take over American Culture The male servant closes the gates behind Lucy and Mitch closing in the material world of the Hadleys Commonalities between Billy the Kid and the movie Address the ideas of memory and history Both are asking how do we remember the past and who tells the story of the past How do these two ideas tie together to create truth or reality Background story Israel is ghting with the PLO o Considered a terrorist organization by the US gov o PLO are basically hitting the Israelis and then eeing into southern Lebanon 0 The sraeis don t want to go to Lebanon because this would start a war 0 The sraeis end up invading Lebanon 0 The Lebanese gov is basically on the sraei s side they don t want the PLO there 0 The president of Israel ends up being assassinated o The sreai gov allows the Lebanese into refugee camps trap them in there then allow a massacre to happen Uses color as a memory identi er Yeow clouds in the sky Yellow eyes of the dogs The ares are casting the yellow glow This is a representation of Follman remembering back to the ares and the massacre at the refugee camp The memory is intruding on his reality Bowaz ls having recurring nightmares about his service in the lsreali army during the war in Lebanon The Palestinians never have a voice during the ashbacks Political issue within the movie The director s interest is in the lsraeis pain not the Palestinians pain The movie raises the question of quotHow do we trust memoryquot At one point a character says that memory will ll the holes that are missing with things that never happened How can we trust that the things we remember actually happened Karmi War veteran Seems to purposefully block out certain memories of the war Flees the country to Poland Smokes a lot of weed selfmedicating Struggled with his masculinity during the war Said he was terri ed during the war Ronny War veteran Struggles with survivor s guilt He is the only one in his tank that lived He lived by hiding and escaping down the river 0 He doesn t want to face the families of his friends who died 0 He is in selfexile Why did the director choose to animate this lm 0 Animation gives us a distance from the action which helps us to focus on what the soldiers experienced rather than the blood and gore Also helps to portray the hallucinations and surreal aspects of the soldiers experiences 0 Ending scene of the movie 0 Real footage of the massacre Kills the distance between the audience and the story due to the animation of the lm 0 Makes the audience realize that these events really did happen Feels like a slap in the face to the audience o It is a wake up call to the audience o It is a physical manifestation of the director s own realization and his own experience 0 Though the Israelis didn t actually carry out the massacre they surrounded the camp provided ares etc 0 They aided the massacre therefore are just as responsible for it P 0 He uses these sources to stitch together who this guy really was Collective memory idea of his true identity Problem is that all of these sources are wildly different Some depict him as a psychopath who will kill at the drop of a hat Others depict him as a hero who stands up for the little guy Book is being written 100 years after Billy lived How do we trust memory and history First hand accounts of events are not always true because everyone remembers things differenty Memory is not trustworthy as it can be easily in uenced People usually have an agenda or will add details that are missing in order to t the narrative History becomes as unreliable as memory especially distant history First Passage of the novel Photographer talks about his skills in photography His ability to take clear photos from horse with no tripod or other tools The photographer says quothere is a photo that I have taken of Billy the kidquot 0 There is not photo 0 Proves the point that Billy The kid is iusive and even a skilled photographer couldn t even capture him The whole idea of the book is that it doesn t matter who Billy really was Family and Friends group of the Western The standard that is held for that group You must avenge the death of your loved ones OOOOOO Ethan killing buffalo He kills tons of buffalo though they only need one for themselves He doesn t want the Indians to have any buffalo to eat Willing to kill an entire species to get back at his enemies Ethan is majorly racist toward Indians Started out as a stage play in London Most actors that are in the movie had had roles in the stage play There was next to no budget for the lm Filmed in London First movie for most of the actors in the lm Rocky Horror has become the most pro table independent lm ever made 0 Intro The opening song is references to a bunch of science ction movies and great movies in general The director is trying to evoke these type of movies before the show starts People ye quotslutquot when Janet s name is on the screen and asshole when Brad s name is on the screen at the midnight showings of the movie today Song has a 1950 s feel 0 Almost all the movies listed in song are from this era and are in black and white Lips fade into the cross at the top of the church 0 The castle is a real estate 0 Very well known to audiences because the house was featured in many horror lms during the 19605 Many of the characters in the wedding scene appear later in the lm as different characters The lm was made by Brits and Australians 0 They try to make the characters into what they think Americans are like 0 Because they have never been to America 0 They re view of Americans is very similar to the painting quotAmerican Gothicquot The lm is set in the early 1970 s 0 At this time the world is changing rapidly Homosexuality is becoming more and more acceptable Homosexuality becomes decriminalized in England 0 1970 s America is all about peace love and drugs 0 The people in the house 0 They are transylvanians from another planet 0 House is decorated overly American 0 Frank 0 Transvesdite from Transylvania quotSweet Transvesditequot Don t judge a book by its cover There s more than his appearance as a trasnvesdite This theme runs through the movie 0 o o 0 There s more to everyone than anyone gives them credit for Brad and Janet at limited by the gender roles that they have been raised in Frank is chucking all the traditional notions of gender out the window 0 There is nothing wrong with who you are and nothing wrong with giving yourself up to pleasure 0 Common theme in 1970 s America Brad s reaction to Frank keeps retreating back to his traditional gender role Janet s reaction to Frank seems to be intrigued by Frank and sexuality in general Janet s quotTouch mequot song She says that she was raised in a world where good girls wait til marriage for sex She has had sex with Frank and now she wants more She has gone over to the quotDark sidequot The Floor show Each character reveals something about themselves and about the situation Brad is scared and resisting heavily to the whole show 0 Even crying out for his mother saying quotI ll be a good boyquot 0 Struggling greatly though he says quotI feel sexyquot Janet is embracing her sexuality and enjoying the show Columbia says that it was great when it all started but now the only way she can survive now is by taking drugs Rocky says all he understands is lust and sex Frank says quotGive yourself over to absolute pleasurequot Dr Scott and Riff Raff are against this idea There are two spectrums Frank and Brad o It is bad to be at either extreme 0 You should fall somewhere in the middle of the two poles No gender is assigned to the narrator Part of the reason why is because the author is trying to unpack these gender norms that our society has We get locked into these roles and sometimes t people into these roles when they might not perfectly t into The narrator uses the term quotI love youquot to manipulate people Says that heshe uses it as a bullet Abusive relationships What does love mean The book examines what this word actually means The book also pokes fun at the idea of love Our idea of love sometimes gets bound up in the romantic fantasy of the poetry novels and movies We want someone we see in the movies 0 Not reality Our expectations have been conditioned by our culture Author refers to sex and love many times as an exploration The body is a map to be explored The fear of commitment is key for the narrator Everything seems to be backwards for the narrator when it comes to love and relationships When you get older you realize that the passion of love is no longer what is important in life the ordinary things are what are important and drive life