LECTUREnotes: psychological disorders
LECTUREnotes: psychological disorders PSY1001
U of M
Popular in Intro to Psych
Popular in Psychlogy
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Whitley Lubeck on Monday May 4, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSY1001 at University of Minnesota taught by Briggs in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 72 views. For similar materials see Intro to Psych in Psychlogy at University of Minnesota.
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Date Created: 05/04/15
LECTURE Psychological Disorders Definition and Treatment Goals Clinical Disorders Roles of psychologist amp psychiatrist in providing mental health care dimensional versus categorical models of disorder biological factors that contribute to vulnerability to mental illness Abnormal Behavior 0 Behavior that is somewhat unusual or different 0 It stands out versus the backdrop of what other people are doing hence it captures our attention Statistical Deviant from the normal curve Behavior that interferes with health or adaptive function Dysfunctional behavior that is distressing or causes personal sufferingdanger Ex 0 8 year old girl refuses to leave house unless in surgical mask fears germs doesn t touch doorknobs or eat in public restaurants 0 we would say this is minimally unusual for an 8 year old 0 China SARS Sudden Acute Respiratory Syndrome many wore mask in public to prevent 0 LESSON Cultural and Social contexts are important Important Components 0 Psychological Dysfunction o breakdown in cognitive emotion o Distress o Cultural Background DSMV Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of mental disorders a widely accepts for classifying problemsdisorders o diagnostic criteria for behaviors that fit a pattern cause dysfunction or distress present for a specified duration o you want RELIABILITY of the diagnosis reliable is there is a set list with set criteria that everyone agrees to Classification Issues 0 Categorical Classification a system that makes a yesno decision regarding the presenceabsence of a disorder 0 schizophrenic or not schizophrenic 0 Dimensional classification involved ranking a person a lot a quantitative dimension 0 how anxious are you on a 110 scale 0 can include a cutoff point that will yield a categorical decision Field is moving more toward dimensional classification rather than categorical Forms of psychopathology that emerge might vary depending on individual dispositions Valence positivenegative and arousal level highlow Validity o are clinical entities real 0 can we make prediction about whether people with a given condition will get better How does a condition present over time What causes it Types of Providers 0 Mental Health Professionals 0 PhD s PsyD s MD s MSW s Models of Psychological Disorders and their Causes 0 The DiathesisStress Model 0 assumes that disorder is expressed as a function of biological liability genetic predisposition the diathesis AND environmental influence stressor helps predict who will become ill under what set of circumstances a threshold for the disorder person would need to experience a lot of env stress in order for disorder to express itself because biological risk is low I could partially explain resilience in the face of extreme stress 0 Reciprocal BiologyEnvironment Model 0 says who you are and what your environment are are NOT independent cannot be truly independent because YOU choose YOUR environment 0 because of these characteristics of yourselfyou may put yourself in a certain type of environment 0 Biological vulnerability combine to increase likelihood of putting oneself in maladaptive or stressful situations 0 intrinsic biological factors lead us to select if not create situations 0 Unidimensional Models 0 linear onetoone causeeffect correspondence 0 X causes Y I stress causes depression I mental illness causes violence I immunizations cause autism I ALL THESE ARE WRONG 0 consider the weight of making CAUSE attributes because normally they are more complex than this 0 Multidimensional models interactive relations X leads to Y only when Z is present I Stress leads to depression only when a biological vulnerability is present nearly everything we understand about ABNORMAL psychologybehavior is multidimensional Sources of Influence in Multidimensional models of abnormal behavior biology learning emotion cognition social supports quality of environment economic factors culture
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