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by: Lauren

Weber soc 402


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Class Notes
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lauren on Wednesday May 6, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to soc 402 at Purdue University taught by Stainback in Spring 2015. Since its upload, it has received 29 views.


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Date Created: 05/06/15
Weber Exam 04092015 Methodology Sociology seeks to formulate type concepts and generalized uniformities of empirical processes 0 Distinguishes it from history which is oriented to the causal analysis and explanation of individual actions structures and personalities possessing cultural signi cance 0 The most important of these debates was over the issue of the relationship between history and science 0 At the poles in this debate were those who thought that history was composed of general laws and those who reduced history to idiosyncratic actions and events 0 Positivists nomothetic general law 0 Subjectivists idiographic idiosyncratic actions and events 0 General concepts are to be used quotto identify and de ne the individuality of each development the characteristics which made the one conclude in a manner so different from that of the other Thus done one can then determine the causes which led to the differences Biography 0 Father Bureaucrat important political position 0 Mother Calvinist Weber Followed his mother Workaholic Verstehen German word for understanding 0 Derived from Hermeneutics 0 Special approach to understanding and interpreting published writings 0 Understand actors interactions and all of human history 0 Goal understand the thinking of the author and the basic structure of the text 0 Whether he thought that it was most appropriately applied to the subjective states of individual actors or to the subjective aspects of large scale unit of analysis Causality the probability that an event will be followed or accompanied by another event Class of theories 0 Divergent interests 0 Actions of bureaucrats that are motivated by misinformation Strategic errors primarily by the bureaucratic leaders Logical fallacies undergirding the actions of leaders 0 Sociology is properly concerned with individuals not just structure 00 ldealTypes Concept constructed by a social scientist on the basis of his or her interests and theoretical orientation to capture the essential features of some social phenomenon o quota measuring rodquot l a tool 0 Historical relate to phenomena found in some particular historical epoch General Sociological relate to the phenomena that cut across a number of historical periods and societies 0 Action pure types of actions based on the motivations of the actors Structural forms taken by the causes and consequences of social acUon Values Social scientists should not let their values in uence their scienti c research in anyway 0 Values and teaching 0 Values and research Sociology a science concerning itself with the interpretive understanding of social action and thereby with a casual explanation of it course and consequences Social Action Concerned with action that clearly involved the intervention of thought processes between the occurrence of a stimulus and the ultimate response 0 Action was said to occur when individuals attached to the subjective meanings of their actions 0 The sociology of action is ultimately concerned with individuals 0 Four types 0 Rational action 0 Meansend rationalitv action that is determined by expectations as to the behavior of objects in the environment and of other human beings expectations are used as conditions or means for attainment 0 Value rationality action that is determined by a conscious belief in the value for its own sake of something independent of its prospects for success Affectual action emotional state of the actor 0 Traditional determined by the actors habitual and customary ways of behaving 0 Class status and party 0 Multidimensional Class group if people whose shared situation is a possible and sometimes frequent basis for action by the group 0 Any group of people found in the same class situation not a community 0 Status normally refers to communities 0 Every typical component of the life of men that is determined by a speci c positive or negative social estimation of honor o Relates to consumption of goods produced whereas class related to economic production 0 Party can be found in the political order 0 Are always structures struggling for domination o Oriented to the attainment of power Structures of authority 0 Did not advocate revolutions Wanted to change society gradually not overthrow it o Domination the probability that certain special commands will be obeyed by a given group of persons 0 Authority Rational traditional charisma Rationalization Rationality o Meansend and value rationality 0 Refer to types of actions 0 Action that is in accord with some process of external systematization o Embodied in the social structure and confronts individuals as something external Practical rationality Theoretical rationality involved a cognitive effort to master reality increasingly abstract concepts rather than through action Substantive rationality directly orders action into patterns through clusters of values a lnvolves a choice of means to ends within the context of a system of values Formal rationality involves means end calculation n Occurs with references to universally applied rules laws and regulations


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