Art History 6C Modern - Contemporary
Art History 6C Modern - Contemporary
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This 3 page Reader was uploaded by Gabriela Lopez on Friday April 25, 2014. The Reader belongs to a course at University of California Santa Barbara taught by a professor in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 70 views.
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Date Created: 04/25/14
Art History 6C Contemporary Modem April 22 2014 Lecture 7 Romanticism and Realism cont Romantic style painting 1 Delacroix Massacre of Chois 2 Breaks conventions of history paintings by painting a contemporary event rather than a significant history event 3 It also goes against conventions of clear brushwork of the subjects and the landscape Courbet s Dinner at Omans 1 Subject manner is anonymous and it is a genre painting rather than a historical 2 The placement of one figure with his back turned towards viewer at the center of the painting is strange and a break from normal conventions 3 There is nothing going on in the background to distract the viewer Both artworks have visible brushstrokes that show the layers of paint and the roughness they wanted to give their image The Chios painting has hints of red and some white which draws attention to certain areas of the painting and highlight the death caused from that event as well as the reality of state affairs Roots of Realism 1 Revolution of 1848 Paris June Days There is an overthrow of the government 10 hr workday is established railways are nationalized National workshops for those who are unemployed U 39gt June Days guns soldiers enter Paris Emperor Napoleon III takes over Second Empire est 6 Uprisings stop in 1849 but there is tremendous uncertainty 18501 3 Courbet paintings following the June Days 1 The Stone Breakers 1849 2 Peasants from Flagey Retuming From the Fair 185055 3 Burial AT Omans 1849 Courbet s main goals were to be able to translate the customs ideas and appearance of his time according to his own estimation he wanted to create living art Courbet Stone Breakers figures are more stuck in the frame of the picture they have no room to move and this can be interpreted as his saying that the peasants of Paris felt that way as if they were stuck living and working the hard lives they did Millet s The Gleaners and The Sower 1 The Gleaners was criticized because it was said that although his depiction of the back breaking work their task was the picture looked too clean the gures are too statuesque The three central figures of the gleaner peasant woman bring the viewer s attention to their task and low status in life while the harvest in the background can be a contrast to the women and the struggles of picking for leftover scraps The Sower was more accepted and liked better than Courbet s Burial at Omans because the gure is more graceful as he practices his task and works the countryside 0 Millet was known for having a truer love of country life and people than Courbet who was more bleak in his depiction of the peasants 0 Recap of REALISM 1 Rejects the notion of higher reality in art old traditions of art with its myths and often fantastic subject matter Focus on things of one s own time and things that we can see or experiences and sights of everyday life Usually it depicts peasant life and life in the countryside It is not just about subject matter Painting as a pictorial construction the application of paint and the composition call attention to themselves It is a beginning of real effort to point up tension between the process of representation and the subject matter THE IDEA IS NOT TO PRTRTAY A NATURALISTIC LIFE LIKE PAINITNG BUT TO CALL THE ATTENTION TO THE WORLD THE PRESENT HERE AND NOW 0 Peasants of Flagey Retuming From the Fair 1 2 3 This is a time period of poor harvests and high taxes Landscape of this painting is not detailed and the paint is LAYERED Courbet wants to point out the fact that they are returning from the fair with their livestock means that they did not sell anything and they are having difficult financial problems there is an awkwardness in the figures and they are outlined in black he leaves traces of a basket in the horizon to show that it is a painting art is not perfect and it also shows resistance to traditions 0 Bertall s Caricature of Courbet s Peasants makes fun of his portrayal of the peasants as they are drawn as dummies and the animals also look animated 0 Burial at Omans 1 2 8 yards in length and a genre scene burial Works this large are normally done for historical paintings and his use of it for a genre painting shows resistance 3 Figures are awkward because none are paying attention to the actual burial they all seem to be distracted by their own thoughts 4 It shows the reality of the countryside not all god fearing people they all have their own thoughts and way of living life 5 the appearance of the figures in their own conversations raises confusion and fear in the viewers who do not know if the peasantry plan revolution Uprising What are they planning if anything 6 Breaks away from the way the Parisians pictured the rural people 7 Also the grave at the foreground of the painting focuses on the viewer and their place in life can they be next Honore Daumier was also a Realist painter who focused on the inequalities and lives of the poor His Third Class Carriage depicts the placement and separation of the social classes as they ride on a train Uses dark colors and his application of paint is rough emphasizing his point Academic painters who painted in the Realist manner made the peasants they painted appear entertained and happy not only as they worked but also as they lived their lives and viewed life with a sense of joy and unawareness They were more entertaining and were less focused on leaving a moral lesson about the subject matter
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