Art History 6C Modern - Contemporary
Art History 6C Modern - Contemporary
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Date Created: 04/25/14
Arty History 6C Modern Contemporary Lecture 8 April 24 2014 Sites of Modernity and Impressionism 0 What is in brushstroke 0 During the Neo Classical period to produce painting that was uniform throughout was the training of the Academy 0 Romantic composition compared To Realist l l 2 Romantic painters used smoother lines and their lines show movement and the ow of the figures in the painting or they attempt to create action Realists used rough lines to show the relationship between the subjects hard life and the brushwork and showing paint as it was without trying to perfect it going against conventions Academic Painting conventional painting Mid late 19th century J uste Milieu literally the middle way like the average It is set apart from real life like the Hollywood of painting given the approval of the government as satisfying Had hints of Neoclassical and Romantic styles But unlike the Neoclassical had an association with rationality and reason there was no moral lesson to be learned just a nice painting with many details and in accordance with the conventions of the Academy It took styles and normalized them along with their subjects EX Bouguereau s Birth of Venus Springtime and Nymphs with Satyr These are generic recycled styles and subjects banality and expected Was the quality art based on the Classical and Roman and the great art so there was no reason to look for modem or better art 0 Academic art became a machine as it loses its relationship with the world and its place 0 Impressionism is about a Bourgeoisie world where bourgeoisie rituals govern and stand as markers of s persons social standing 0 Edouard Manet Music in the Tuileries 1862 1 Not a Realist painting because it is not about the peasant worker but the leisure time of the Bourgeoisie It is a garden outside of the Louvre where people would go to listen to music and people watch the aneurs were these city people who did the watching and loafed around In painting however people are talking and they re looking as well as being looked at 0 Claude Monet Boulevard des Capucines 1873 1 Scene of city life and people People moving their figures are almost blurs connects to idea of the always changing ephemeral and contingent city life The bodies are not perfect they seem to be caught in time as they move though their day 0 What is in a brushstroke 0 Realism connected to world of peasants 0 Wants to show it is a painting not real so there is room for roughness and break from conventions 0 Impressionism wants to paint the modern world 0 Also wants to show how the panting was created it is paint not going to make a perfect figure when in reality we do not live in a world of perfect figures 0 It is a representation it is a eeting spectacle of everyday life 0 Edouard Manet Les Dejeuner Sur L herbe 1863 1 2 Breaks all the conventions of the Academy and of the time period Woman is undressed not nude because her clothes are seen on the foreground and she is siting with tow fully clothed men while another woman in the background is in the water Takes a convention and turns it upside down by conveying the woman in the modem scene as opposed to the Pastoral Concert by Titian which is more mythological and which he based this painting on The same scene he chose for the Modern contemporaries in the painting make this an unreal situation and shows the absurdity artists place on the past instead of focusing on the Modem world Piece was very controversial because it placed the Parisian woman in an unusual setting and she stares at the viewer directly without shame The perspective and placement of the figures especially the woman in the background are not correct they break from the conventions 0 The Salon of Refuges of 1863 was put on by Napoleon III after numerous artists were rejected from the Salon and paintings such as Manet s were displayed 0 Manet Olympia 1863 was in the Salon of 1865 1 Modeled after Titian s Venus of Urbino 1538 and draws on traditions of classical works but turning it Modern Confronts the traditional nudes referring to the Academic art paintings which sought to idealize and refer to classical works in their portrayals Challenges established ideas She does not have perfected features and is not idealized as compared with ancient woks and rather than being coy and not viewing audience directly this woman stares directly at you confronting even you The reality of a nude woman Was criticized harshly and said to look like a dead body 7 She is outlined in black and barley modeled her body her hands and feet Were made fun of by critics as being dirty because of the dark shadow and emphasis he put there 8 His use of Chiaroscuro modeling of form through light and dark and contrast to produce a 3D effect 9 Not going to present a perfect illusion with barely Visible brushstrokes and he Wants to unmask the illusion of our own interest in the subject and our desires 10 Takes up his interpretation of how beauty can be for the Modern World as opposed to relying on old idealized representations