Course Reading Notes - Part II & IV
Course Reading Notes - Part II & IV 372
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Valerie Ho on Monday June 15, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to 372 at University of Washington taught by Jonathan Wender in Spring 2015. Since its upload, it has received 131 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Criminal Justice in Sociology at University of Washington.
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Date Created: 06/15/15
SOC372 Course Reading Notes Part III From Arrest to Prosecution and Punishment Concept of Profiling Policing as Dirty Work and the problem of Trust Objectives 0 Policing Dirty work 0 Police officers dealing with the moral ambiguity of their work 0 Improving trust between communities and the police Penny Dick Tom Tyler Dirty Work Designations How Police O icers Enhancing Police Legitimacy Account for Their Use of Coercive Force Dirty work stigma 1 Moral ambiguity to use coercive force to use or not to use threats 2 Dealing with marginalized groups liminal states boundaries as a threshold 3 qualities of policing A Dirty A Peremptory authority A Divisive alienating Strategies used for identity protection Reframing Transforming the meaning of the occupation Recalibrating Recategorizing interpretations Refocusing Shifting attention to the nonstigmatized aspects of the job Plea Bargaining and amp Juries Objectives 0 Role of plea bargaining Plea bargaining illustrating the difference between ideological ad critical narratives of the law Plea bargaining being a necessary compromise or a fundamental subversion of due process Strengths and weaknesses of the jury trial process Bruce P Smith Plea Bargaining and the Eclipse of the Jury Shari Diamond and Mary Rose Rea Juries Wrongful conviction amp AttorneyClient Con dentiality Objectives Wrongful Convictions and their occurrence Some Solutions Identifying and remedying wrongful conviction AttomeyClient confidentiality and its limits Wrongful incarceration as an exception to this privilege Steve Krieger Why Our Justice System Convicts Innocent People and the Challenges Faced by Innocence Projects Trying to Exonerate Them James Moliterno Rectifying Wrongful Convictions May a Lawyer Reveal Her Client s Con dences to Rectify the Wrongful Conviction of Another Exonoration VS Acquittal Both proof innocence But Acquittal happens during the trial stage While Exonoration happens after the trial 2 components of con dentiality Evidentiary privilege Legal status between the attorney and the client Ethical Attorney is not legally protected but also ethically obligated to provide the ethical means Criminal Conviction as Internal Exile Objectives Defining criminal disenfranchisement Balancing between retribution and reintegration Christopher Uggen Angela Behrens Jeff Manza Criminal Disenfranchisement 0 Felon disenfranchisement goes under the intended collateral consequences Internal exile gt When you are closed off or isolated from the society excluded from civil life to a very large extent not fully enjoying civil liberty even you are physically in the society gt It is a type of felon disenfranchisement Interesting concepts in the article 0 4 goals of punishing and how felon disenfranchisement serves none of these goals 0 Social contract approach supporting felon disenfranch ideological 0 Group con ict approach critical narrative Cases Richardson v Raminez 1979 gt Intent vs disparate impact Hunter v Underwood 1985 Challenging the logic of Mass Incarceration Objectives 0 Economic crisis as an opportunity for reducing rates of incarceration 0 Is sentencing or other legal decisions considered economic costs Corrections Corporation of America Sentencing Project Fact Sheet 0 CCA is a publicly traded corporation privatizing incarceration 0 CCA is the 5th largest corrections system in the US With over 80000 inmates in 67 facilities Only the US government and 3 states house more inmates 0 Plainly stated their objective is to earn a profit from running prisons 0 CCA claims they are more efficient than government prisons 0 Critics argue that private prisons are unjust and often compromise both inmate and employee welfare in the interest of profit Collateral Consequences Intended and unintended discrimination in rental housing or jobs to restrict exfelonies to have the ability to rent houses get certain jobs etc Social status restriction would be an intended Neoliberalism the socioeconomic and political school grounded in a belief in free markets smaller government deregulation privatization and individual over community interests maximize efficiency of markets 0 In an era of neoliberalism society serves the economy rater than the other way around E g reasons for being at UW Prisonindustrial complex The intersecting economic political and cultural dynamics that have led to the rapid expansion of privatized prisons and punishment as a business rather than as a state function 0 Punishment can be understood as one more consumer good in a neoliberal society Jonathan Simon 0 The ongoing recession is forcing us to question the sustainability of the prisonindustrial complex 0 Like the housing bubble we have created a prison bubble How bubbles actually form and break 0 Three related forms of excess consumption i Punishment prison boom ii Housing real estate bubble iii Food obesity epidemic Compared to the postWWII era growth in all three areas has become excessive and socially harmful Securitization the distorting of reasonable social concerns about safety by an irrational obsession with security and fear 0 Security becomes the main objective of social action and policy rather than one objective among many 0 Safe schools food communities campuses etc all of this re ects obsessions with security among people with little to truly fears 0 With the rise of mass incarceration the logic of securitization leads to the exclusion of dangerous people and the end of reform and rehabilitation 0 Housing Gated communities obsession with anticrime technology and market values tied to perceived safety etc 0 Food safe secure and efficient ways of eating drivethrus and obsession with avoiding contamination 0 The supersizing of houses food and prison sentences re ects a common logic of excess consumption In all 3 areas we need to rethink when enough is enough State incarceration rates have increased over 700 since the 1970s Average annual cost per state prison inmate 31000 Recidivism rates average 50 within 3 years of release We must look at crime in holistic context and resist the tendency toward the violence of abstraction Our appetite for punishment is socially harmful Peaceful responses to crime where restoration and reparation are the primary objectives Part IV Imaging otherwise Paths to Reform Prospects for Reform Part I 0 Methods and Practices the US criminal justice system can learn and adapt from other cultures Amedeo Cottino Crime Prevention and Control Western Beliefs vs Traditional Legal Practices Navajo Hawaiian and other traditional approaches to punishment are enabled by strong social bonds that don t exist in anonymous Western society Prospects for Reform Part II Objectives 0 Relationship between punishment and deterrence 0 Kinds of punishment that offer effective and justifiable means of crime prevention 0 Punishment reducing recidivism 0 Reintegrating peple back into society after their punishment Shadd Maruna Reentry as a Rite of Passage
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